Achilles and agamemnon relationship

Difference Between Achilles and Agamemnon | Difference Between | Achilles vs Agamemnon

achilles and agamemnon relationship

The The Iliad characters covered include: Achilles, Agamemnon (also called “ Atrides”) calling attention to the unclear nature of the gods' relationship to Fate. One is a bully and a warrior, the other is a lover and a thinker. In ''The Iliad,'' the two most important men of the Trojan War are as different. Helen's husband Menelaus appealed to his brother Agamemnon, to help "and her husband will be Achilles himself, son of Peleus and Thetis.

Agamemnon was the commander-in-chief of the Greeks during the Trojan War. During the fighting, Agamemnon killed Antiphus and fifteen other Trojan soldiers, according to one source.

Even before his "aristea," Agamemnon was considered to be one of the three best warriors on the Greek side as proven when Hector challenges any champion of the Greek side to fight him in Book 7, and Agamemnon along with Diomedes and Big Aias is one of the three most wished for to face him out of the nine strongest Greek warriors who volunteered.

And after they reconciled, even Achilles admits in Book 23 that Agamemnon is "the best in strength and in throwing the spear. The Iliad tells the story about the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles in the final year of the war. Following one of the Achaean Army's raids, Chryseisdaughter of Chrysesone of Apollo's priests, was taken as a war prize by Agamemnon.

Chryses pleaded with Agamemnon to free his daughter but was met with little success. Chryses then prayed to Apollo for the safe return of his daughter, which Apollo responded to by unleashing a plague over the Achaean Army. After learning from the Prophet Calchas that the plague could be dispelled by returning Chryseis to her father, Agamemnon reluctantly agreed but first berated Calchas for previously forcing Agamemnon to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia and released his prize.

However, as compensation for his lost prize, Agamemnon demanded a new prize. As a result, Agamemnon stole an attractive slave called Briseisone of the spoils of war, from Achilles.

Agamemnon, having realized Achilles's importance in winning the war against the Trojan Army, sent ambassadors begging for Achilles to return, offering him riches and the hand of his daughter in marriage, but Achilles refused, only being spurred back into action when his closest friend, Patroclus, was killed in battle. Although not the equal of Achilles in bravery, Agamemnon was a representative of "kingly authority".

As commander-in-chief, he summoned the princes to the council and led the army in battle. His chief fault was his overwhelming haughtiness; an over-exalted opinion of his position that led him to insult Chryses and Achilles, thereby bringing great disaster upon the Greeks. ClytemnestraAgamemnon's wife, had taken Aegisthusson of Thyestesas a lover. When Agamemnon came home he was slain by either Aegisthus in the oldest versions of the story [8] or Clytemnestra.

According to the accounts given by Pindar and the tragedians, Agamemnon was slain in a bath by his wife alone, a blanket of cloth or a net having first been thrown over him to prevent resistance. Her jealousy of Cassandra, and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia and at Agamemnon's having gone to war over Helen of Troy, are said to have been the motives for her crime. Agamemnon's son Orestes later avenged his father's murder, with the help or encouragement of his sister Electraby murdering Aegisthus and Clytemnestra his own motherthereby inciting the wrath of the Erinyes English: Other stories[ edit ] Athenaeus tells a tale of how Agamemnon mourned the loss of his friend or lover Argynnuswhen he drowned in the Cephisus river.

In the legends of the PeloponnesusAgamemnon was regarded as the highest type of a powerful monarch, and in Sparta he was worshipped under the title of Zeus Agamemnon.

His tomb was pointed out among the ruins of Mycenae and at Amyclae. Another account makes him the son of Pleisthenes the son or father of Atreuswho is said to have been Aerope's first husband.

The rape of Helen

For Artemis, who owned the bay of Aulis, had demanded a sacrifice from Agamemnon before she would release a wind to fill the fleet's sails. The sacrifice she had demanded was Agamemnon's favourite daughter. Clytaemnestra would never forgive her husband for turning Iphigeneia's wedding day into a day of bitter mourning. But the gods had not enjoyed human sacrifices since the age of Cronus. Artemis was just testing Agamemnon's resolve.

achilles and agamemnon relationship

When Agamemnon thought he was slitting his daughter's white throat, he was really slaughtering a deer. Iphigeneia herself had been spirited away by the goddess to become her priestess among the people who inhabit the northern shores of the Black Sea, the people known as Taurians.

When the fleet arrived at Troy, the Trojans were expecting them. The Greeks dropped anchor some way off the beach and waited in their ships, even Achilles, for it had been prophesied that the first to land on Trojan soil would be the first to die and Achilles had yet to make a name for himself that would outlive his time on the planet.

One man, Protesilaus, leapt off his ship nevertheless and charged at the beach, though he had joined the expedition the day after his wedding, after a single night of marital bliss.

achilles and agamemnon relationship

Protesilaus was cut down by Priam's son Hector and dispatched to the halls of Hades. But when she heard the news, his young wife could not accept his death and made an image of him and took it to her bed. And the gods, feeling pity for her, allowed Protesilaus to return from the underworld for one more night. Then, when Hermes came next morning to take Protesilaus back to Hades, his wife could not bear this second separation, nor did the image of him console her any more, and so she burned it and threw herself on the bonfire too, anxious to join her newlywed husband if only in the land of the shades.

Now that Protesilaus had fulfilled the prophecy, the Greeks took heart and leapt off their ships, determined to break through the ranks of the Trojans. One man, above all, prevented them: Cycnus, son of the sea god Poseidon, whose body and hair were snowy white, and who was quite naked, having no need of armour. Like the Nemean lion, his skin was invulnerable to metal.

Many Greeks died at his hands as he brushed off their swords and spears as if they were grasses or poppy stems.

Briseis - Wikipedia

Soon his white skin was smeared red with the blood of his victims. It was beginning to look as if the expedition would be over before it had even started.

achilles and agamemnon relationship

But mighty Achilles picked up a pebble from the beach and threw it at Cycnus with all the strength he could muster. Now Cycnus lay dead and when they saw what had happened, the Trojans turned tail and ran all the way back to their battlements, leaving the Greeks to beach their ships and set up an encampment in peace.

Difference Between Achilles and Agamemnon

Meanwhile Menelaus and cunning-tongued Odysseus went to Troy and entered her mighty gates, having been granted safe passage by Antenor, wisest of Priam's advisers. They addressed the assembled Trojans.

achilles and agamemnon relationship

We have not come for booty or glory or to make war for no reason. Or would you wage war? So Troy can be a sanctuary for the world's ravishers? Helen did not come unwillingly. Indeed she cannot keep her hands off me. She is pleased to have a man in her bed at last.

The rape of Helen | Books | The Guardian

Is it not you who are being violated? Or do you think the Greeks have sailed all this way on a matter of principle, with no thought of booty or your famously beautiful daughters? He rushed at Menelaus with his sword, though Menelaus was unarmed. But Antenor and his sons stood in front of them and protected them and escorted them away safely.