India Myanmar Relations - General Knowledge Today
Myanmar's relationship with China is complex. You can read the answers to this and other questions about Myanmar in Myanmar New Information . Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and Myanmar, Embassy of the . Questions of historical and present day bilateral relationships will. China–Myanmar relations refers to the international relations between the People's Republic of China and Myanmar. China and Myanmar have active bilateral relations with each other. However, recently, the relations between China and Myanmar have faced some problems due.
Much of it parallels the Burma Road, which is twisty and little used. Ben Blanchard of Reuters wrote: Sitting on the far southwestern tip of Yunnan province, Ruili was once notorious in China for its gambling, prostitution, smuggling, drugs and general lawlessness during the s when border trade really began taking off.
While those heady days may be behind the city, there is little doubt at the sway Myanmar continues to hold over Ruili. There was little to distinguish it from nearby industrial buildings other than a garish arrangement of pulsing neon flowers near the glass door -- and the nonstop arrival of customers despite the late hour.
Inside, a hall the size of two football fields was jammed with eight banks of roulette tables immediately inside the door, a line of electronic blackjack machines against the back wall and 12 pits to the left for a game called heaven-earth-harmony. There was no alcohol and almost no small talk. The building's interior was bright and clean, with recessed lighting and newly plastered walls.
But the gambling machines, chairs and tables were battered, suggesting an operation that has been moved repeatedly on short notice. For those who can't be bothered with formalities, taxi drivers helpfully point out well-worn breaks in the yellow-and-green fence separating the countries.
The weapons included attack aircraft, ships, tanks, helicopters, personnel carriers, and small arms useful in fighting mountain-based insurgents such as rockets, mortars, artillery, assault rifles, grenade launchers, and trucks. Myanmar also bought a battleship.
Enthusiasm for the aircraft — and the nation's No. Most died in the cockpit, given a government policy at the time that families of those killed trying to eject received no death benefits. The "Chinese weren't sincere, giving us their junk aircraft," says Jay, now a boxing promoter.
China–Myanmar relations - Wikipedia
China can provide everything the country needs from a needle to a nuclear bomb. Martin Petty of Reuters wrote: Its isolation prevents international interference and investigations into its decades of gross human rights abuses. Energy-hungry China props up the junta financially and offers it political protection by shooting down any attempts to inflict punitive action in the United Nations Security Council.
But others suggest China's support is not enough and the generals may be wary of becoming almost entirely dependent on their neighbor for their wealth and protection. The lifelong soldiers are obsessed with security and keen to strengthen their military to fight domestic threats such as ethnic insurgencies or even an invasion by foreign forces.
As long as arms embargoes are in place, their access to modern weapons technology is restricted mainly to China and Russia. A lot of officers in the Burmese army have always wanted to have good relations with the U. Previously we have had good relations with the U.
The minister of labor had a stint at Fort Benning. JanuaryChina blocked a resolution by the United States seeking improved human rights in Myanmar.
For its part, Myanmar gives China access to the Indian Ocean, not only for imports of oil and gas and exports from landlocked southwestern Chinese provinces, but also potentially for military bases or listening posts.
In October, China's state energy group CNPC started building a crude oil port in Myanmar, part of a pipeline project aimed at cutting out the long detour oil cargoes take through the congested and strategically vulnerable Malacca Strait.
Reuters, May 27, ] After the crackdown on protestors in Myanmar in China called for the government to democratize and supported a United Nations Security Council statement that criticized the Myanmar regime and called for them to meet with a United Nations envoy but opposed tough action against Myanmar. Part of its nearly ten billion dollars in direct investment is going to the construction of pipelines to carry oil and gas from the Burmese coast to the Chinese border—a shortcut that also hedges against the risk of shipping through the narrow and pirate-infested Strait of Malacca.
In Kachin State, which shares more than miles of that border, Chinese companies are rushing in to extract gold, jade, and teak, as well as hydropower. As one Kachin activist says, "The Chinese won't stop until they've sucked us dry. Wen said China was willing to provide what help it can to help Myanmar's development and ensure the "smooth progress" of oil and gas pipelines being built across Myanmar into southwestern China, seen as crucial to China's energy security.
Reuters, May 27, Other loan deals were agreed between various Chinese and Myanmar ministries, while another covered a hydroelectric project.
Xinhua said China's largest privately owned automaker, Chery Automobile, was planning a car plant in Myanmar with annual capacity of up to 5, of its compact QQ model.
The news agency did not say when the factory may begin production. The border towns are filled with karaokes, casinos and bars patronized by Chinese. Burmese and minorities such as the Wa are getting rich through the trade. There are plans for e second pipeline from the Myanmar coast that would carry oil from Middle East and African tankers to China, allowing the tankers to skip the treacherous journey through the Straits of Malacca.
The report said China's major new investments were in hydropower projects. Another major Chinese investment is the Shwe natural gas project in Myanmar's western Rakhine State, which involves China importing gas from offshore Myanmar wells and oil from tankers from the Middle East through a mile 1, kilometer oil and gas pipeline.
Ground zero for this activity is Ruili, a border town in Yunnan Province that is separated from Myanmar by a flimsy six-foot-high fence that is routinely scaled by Burmese while Chinese border guards look on and taxis wait to take them to their destinations. In the middle of all this are some Burmese babies that are taken to China to be sold and Chinese women headed to the Southeast Asia the sex trade.
In the villages bordering Myanmar, there are some people working as matchmakers. And some of them are human traffickers. For those 25 and younger. They are forced by their economic situation at home. They have no other choice. On the various ethnic groups that have made their way to Ruil, Ben Blanchard of Reuters wrote: He just wants to earn enough for his family back in Myanmar. Not many other countries will. Yunnan is home to many ethnic minorities whose populations are on both sides of the border.
Chinoiresie | Burmese Civil Society Challenges China’s Development Assistance in Myanmar
The frontier means little to them, and in any case the two sides are separated by no more than a ditch and scanty bamboo groves in some villages. Her aunt crosses every day to look after her nephews. How can we not feel bad for our friends and relatives on the other side? When she crossed the border, she was expecting to spend only a few hours away from home. But it would be three long years before Aba saw her family again.
Like thousands of other young girls and women from Burma, she had been duped into coming to China so she could be sold into a forced marriage to one of the growing number of Chinese men who — because there are not enough girl babies born in China — cannot find wives any other way. But Aba is one of the lucky ones.
Not only did she escape a forced marriage, but she was rescued and was able to return home. For most of the women from Burma who are sold as unwilling brides in China, there are no happy endings. Instead, they face at best lives of misery and drudgery.
At worst, they are driven to suicide. No one knows how many thousands of women are trafficked into China each year to be the wives of the men known as guang gun, or bare branches, the bachelors in rural areas who cannot find brides by conventional means. What is certain is that it is a number increasing all the time.
Min Naing, chief of the Special Anti-Human Trafficking Police Unit in Naypyidaw, told The Irrawaddy the root cause of the problem was the shortage of women in China, where decades of the one-child policy has meant there are millions more men than women in the country. Poor Burmese women living in border areas are taken in by promises of a good life, and well paid work, on the other side of the border. The official figures only include cases where Burmese authorities have been able to rescue the victim, and may only represent a fraction of the true number of Burmese women trafficked into China.
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Instead, the women are sold as wives. The women are really just regarded as baby-making machines," said Julia Marip, the head of Kwat's anti-trafficking programme in Yunnan Province.
Inside Burma, domestic instability has made it easy for armed Burmese thugs to kidnap Chinese business people in the country. Many of the refugees had ties with the Kokang militia, an ethnic Chinese rebel group in the Shan state. The exodus was prompted by an assault on the Kokang militia, which had long paid little heed to the central government. The fighting broke out when Myanmar deployed troops to disarm ethnic insurgents.
MYANMAR’S RELATIONS WITH CHINA
According to news reports about 7, Myanmar tropps moved into the area. The Kokang militia fought back and reportedly was pursued all the way to the Chinese border. Moreover, the Chinese state has actively assisted and invested in the infrastructure of Southeast Asian nations.
Gas and oil routed through the Indian Ocean into Myanmar and on to China reduce Chinese dependence on the Middle East and on the unsafe passage through the Malacca Strait. While the expansion of the Chinese economy has slowed considerably, the desire to sustain growth demands that China secure not only resources, but also a market for its goods.
Large-scale projects such as the Myitisone Dam, the Letpadaung Copper Mine, and the Kyaukphyu Gas Pipeline have drawn the attention and opposition of civil society representatives.
Chinese companies, such as the China Power Investment CPI have been accused of not providing enough safeguards against environmental damage, nor appropriate compensation to affected communities.
The Irrawaddy River, where the dam was to be located, is seen as the birthplace of the nation. The Chinese are seeking to make amends. The Chinese Embassy in Yangon has instructed all state-owned enterprises SOEs operating in Myanmar to undertake corporate social responsibility training. These types of actions have proved insufficient to address continuing concerns and the demands of Burmese civil society. Now more than ever, Beijing needs to re-frame its partnership to incorporate a new development component, one that seeks to address the existing asymmetry and provides opportunities for all stakeholders to be part of the development, notably civil society groups and communities that are affected by Chinese economic interests.
In re-engaging with the world and re-establishing its international connections, Myanmar is diversifying its sources of economic, social, and political support, thereby reducing its dependency on China. Fieldwork interviews in with Burmese civil society representatives engaged across a number of fields—from corporate social responsibility CSR to political transition—suggest that there is a tendency to look towards the West, in particular the United States, for development assistance.
Finally, another factor that should not be discounted in the relationship between the two countries is that Chinese economic interests in Myanmar are threatened by the ethnic conflicts taking place across the Yunnan border.
This has entailed a strong preference for state-to-state relationships.