The Nuances of Win-Win: China-Myanmar Relations in - CHINA US Focus
Unsought advice and constructive criticism are unwelcome. . China's central authorities seem to want ethnic peace in Burma: Beijing persuaded strands of personal and institutional relationships—most involving the generals and their. As Myanmar's relations with China cooled, the result of what many saw as heavy- handed intervention by Beijing, Barack Obama became. Now anyone did had a serious relationship with a burmese woman? . she married down, as I am American, and they are Chinese snobs.
The new central government of the nation quickly worked to consolidate its power, marginalising and angering tribal leaders and setting off more than a decade of armed conflict. Inmore than ethnic leaders from the Shan people, Kachin people, Red Karen, Karen people, Chin peoples, Mon people and Rakhine people met with ethnic Bamar Burmese central government authorities to draft a new form of government which would ensure the tribes both autonomy and self-determination within a federal system.
The new government was never formed. Nevertheless, up until Ne Win's coup inBurma was regarded as one of the most developed and fastest growing economies in Asia, and widely touted as a contender to be the next Japan.
General Ne Win dominated the government from tofirst as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. Under Ne Win's rule, widespread corruption and nepotism led the Burmese economy into a downward spiral from which it has never fully recovered.
Multiparty legislative elections were held inwith the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy NLD - winning a landslide victory of seats. Today Myanmar, a resource-rich country, suffers from pervasive government controls, inefficient economic policies, and rural poverty. What was once one of the richest and most developed countries in Asia has since slumped into poverty due to widespread corruption.
The junta took steps in the early s to liberalise price controls after decades of failure under the "Burmese Way to Socialism," but had to reinstate subsidised prices on staples in the face of food riots, upon which the democracy movement grafted its agenda. The government called out troops and the rioters were defiant until the monks intervened: The riots caused overseas development assistance to cease and the government subsequently nullified the results of the legislative elections.
In response to the government's attack in May on Aung San Suu Kyi and her convoy, the USA imposed new economic sanctions against Myanmar, including bans on imports of products from Myanmar and on provision of financial services by US citizens.Burmese children cross border daily to study in China
The summer of was marked by demonstrations against the military government which were again brutally suppressed. The demonstrations started in August, apparently in an uncoordinated manner, as a protest against a stiff hike in the price of petrol, but morphed into a more serious challenge to the government after three monks were beaten at a protest march in the town of Pakokku.
The monks demanded an apology but none was forthcoming and soon processions of monks with begging bowls held upside down filled many cities including SittweMandalay and Yangon.
Yangon, particularly the area around Sule Pagoda in the downtown area, became the centre of these protests. While the monks marched, and many ordinary citizens came out in support of the monks, the world watched as pictures, videos, and blogs flooded the Internet. However, the government soon suppressed the protests by firing on crowds, arresting monks and closing monasteries, and temporarily shut down Internet communications with the rest of the world.
What’s next for Myanmar-China relations? | The Myanmar Times
This led the USA, AustraliaCanada and the European Union to impose additional sanctions, some targeting the families and finances of the military leaders. Aung San Suu Kyi Following elections inBurma began a process of liberalisation that has led to a reduction or removal of sanctions by many nations including the United States. Censorship of foreign and local news was also suspended.
Culture[ edit ] Myanmar's culture is largely a result of Indian influences intertwined with local traditions and Chinese influences. This can be seen in the various stupas and temples throughout the country, which bear a distinct resemblance to those in northern India.
As in neighbouring ThailandTheravada Buddhism is the single largest religion. Other religions which exist in smaller numbers include Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. Animism and ancestor worship can also be found around the country, especially in the more distant, hill tribe regions.
China–Myanmar relations - Wikipedia
People[ edit ] The dominant ethnic group in Myanmar is known as the Bamar, from which the original English name of the country, Burma, was derived. Besides the Bamar, Myanmar is also home to many minority ethnic groups and nationalities which have their own distinct cultures and languages.
In addition to the native ethnic minorities, Myanmar is also home to ethnic Chinese and Indians whose ancestors migrated to Myanmar during the colonial period, most visible in the cities of Yangon and Mandalay.
Myanmar is divided into fourteen administrative divisions, seven regions and seven states; generally speaking, the regions are Bamar-dominated, while the states are dominated by the respective ethnic minorities. The government has been condemned by other nations for violence against the Rohingya Muslims in the Rakhine State, which borders on Bangladesh.
The government does not recognise them as citizens of Myanmar, but instead claims they are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, a narrative embraced by the vast majority of Burmese despite the Rohingya's presence in Rakhine going back generations. How she may address such thorny issues with China's leaders remains unclear. China is Myanmar's biggest investor, but its longstanding and close relationship with the country's former military rulers has not helped its popularity.
And while Myanmar's new government is reaching out to a growing range of countries to improve ties and not be overly reliant on any country, China is stepping up its efforts as well.
Companies are working more aggressively to highlight what they argue are the benefits their projects bring residents in Myanmar. China has important national interests in Myanmar. So, it would be wrong for China not to try to initiate this relationship or establish contact with Aung San Suu Kyi. China needed to strengthen ties with both ruling and opposition parties in Myanmar because that was something that could easily change when elections were involved.
In addition to regarding China as a reliable provider of grants, training, and low interest loans, the regime sought to use the deepening, supportive relationship as evidence of its legitimacy and to offset political pressure by the international community, particularly the United States and the European Union EUfor concrete movement toward national reconciliation and democracy.
While the Burmese military harbored a lingering wariness about Chinese motives and influence, there was no criticism of China by regime officials, either in private or in the press. Although the GOB remains reluctant to provide concessions on issues of past import to China, such as development of the Irrawaddy River transport route to the sea, both sides focused on the positive mutual benefits of the current relationship. In addition, there was no evidence that the regime considered China either a regional "hegemon" or a potential neighborhood bully.
The Chinese government had seemingly contradictory policies of non-interference in Myanmar and intense engagement with the SPDC. China was looking for opportunities to provide the generals with support and succor in order to offset their increased isolation from the rest of the international community.
China opposed US sanctions on Myanmar and views the measures as interference in Myanmar's internal affairs.
Nonetheless, because the current situation in Myanmar has led to heightened international concern, China urged the regime to take "proper steps" to keep the process of national reconciliation moving forward. The key was increasing the speed of economic development.
What’s next for Myanmar-China relations?
Too much pressure on Myanmar, such as that being imposed by the U. US sanctions had hurt Chinese businesses in Myanmar, leaving them with a "negative impression of the U. Bilateral military relations developed smoothly with frequent high-level exchang of visits.
In JanuaryChinese Ambassador to Myanmar Li Jinjun personally lobbied Luo Gan, who was in charge of border management, suggesting that unified management of China's borders under the PLA would be beneficial in combating illegal migration, drug trafficking, and prohibited mining and forest activities.
Li said that while Beijing had made the decision at the beginning of to replace police and immigration personnel on the Burmese border with regular PLA units, central authorities implemented the order later in