ent types of projects, from designing a land planning project for the near or them more directly in urban management. Participation can come. Department of Architectural and urban planning, Boroujerd branch, Islamic Azad Finding show, there is oriented relation between sexual and participant. Also. policy implementation, asset management and fostering relations with other physical planning, project management, public administration, or business-like.
Small tesserae in a grand mosaic
Today, the area boasts a rich biodiversity including several red-listed species and several ecosystem services contributing to ecological resilience, such as increased pollination and reduced CO2-emissions. The projects adopted a polycentric governance approach where several actors from different parts and layers of the city where involved.
In Edinburgh, UK, a community group called Granton Community Gardeners have operated ten gardens on local authority land for six years without government input. The group provides healthy and nutritious food, education, and an alternative to food banks for the most vulnerable. It also engages citizens from a wide range of ethnic and economic backgrounds to participate and exchange knowledge in farm-to-table projects.
Hard work needed Andersson and his colleagues believe governance needs to involve a diversity of actors across multiple levels of decision-making.
This means an approach that is sensitive and attuned to the many different actors involved.
It also means hard work: There is limited research on impacts of already existing approaches; experiences and insights that can point to the different benefits and forms of collaboration is very much needed to convince authorities and public bodies about the benefits of mosaic governance.
The diversity in blue lines between municipalsectors and active citizens signifies the diversity in this relationship, dependent on, for example needs and demands from different types of citizengroups related to the institutional diversity of how citizens self-organise.
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