Hephaestion - Wikipedia
Alexander the Great's lifelong companion was Hephaestion, the son of a The above quotations would be in line with the thoughts laid about. Alexander would describe his relationship with Hephaestion, to that Also, only one of the Plutarch and Arrian quotes quoted above is correct. Arrian (The Campaigns of Alexander - 2nd Century AD) Arrian's first mention of Hephaestion comes in Book I of his account, when Alexander.
The Greek author Arrian of Nicomedia describes this event in section 7. Then he also celebrated weddings at Susa, both his own and those of his Companions. He had already married previously Roxane, the daughter of Oxyartes of Bactria. He gave Drypetis to Hephaestion, she too a daughter of Darius and a sister of his own wife; his intention was that the children of Hephaestion should be cousins to his own children.
To Ptolemy the bodyguard and to Eumenes the royal secretary he gave the daughters of Artabazus, Artacama to one and Artonis to the other.
Similarly he gave to the other Companions the noblest daughters of the Persians and Medes, some eighty in all. The marriages were celebrated according to Persian custom. Chairs were placed for the bridegrooms in order, and after the drinks the brides came in and sat down, each by the side of her groom. They took them by the hand and kissed them; the king began the ceremony, for all the weddings took place together.
More than any action of Alexander this seemed to show a popular and comradely spirit.
Alexander The Great Quotes (25 quotes)
The bridegrooms after receiving their brides led them away, each to his own home, and to all Alexander gave a dowry. And as for all the Macedonians who had already married Asian women, Alexander ordered a list of their names to be drawn up; they numbered over 10, and Alexander offered them all gifts their wedding.
He also thought this was a suitable opportunity to settle the debts of the army, and ordered a list of individual debts to be drawn up, with a promise to pay them.
A king should not say anything but the truth to his subjects, and they must not imagine their king to be saying anything but the truth to them.
As his account begins at Alexander's succession to the throne of Macedon, Diodorus does not provide us any insight into how Alexander and Hephaestion may have met. He also omits any reference to Hephaestion at Troy, merely stating that Alexander visited the tombs of the heroes and honored them. The first mention of Hephaestion in this work comes after the Battle of Issus, when Alexander visits the captured Persian royal family. Here, Diodorus tells a similar version of the story told by Curtius and Arrian.
Hephaestion, Diordorus tells us, was "the most valued of his friends", in addition to being taller and more handsome than Alexander. The next interesting mention comes much later, during the decisive Battle of Guagamela, when Diodorus tells us that Hephaestion was wounded by an enemy spear. He refers to Hephaestion as the commander of the king's bodyguards. However, according to the footnotethis doesn't add up.
Alexander: Was Alexander the Great Gay?
In addition, this group, which normally consisted of seven men, apparently did not have a commander. Finally, the most prominent discussion about Hephaestion in this account comes after his death. Diodorus reports that Alexander loved Hephaestion more than any of his friends. Once, when a companion had compared Hephaestion to Craterus, another of Alexander's closest friends, Alexander responded by explaining that Craterus was "king-loving" while Hephaestion was "Alexander-loving" XVII, In other words, Hephaestion admired Alexander as a person, not merely a leader.
Were Alexander the Great and Hephaestion lovers?
This piece of evidence may not suggest a romantic relationship between Alexander and Hephaestion, but it does suggest a personal relationship beyond what was normal for a king and one of his commanders or subjects. The way Hephaestion's interacted with Alexander's mother, Olympias, reinforces the strength of his relationship with the king. According to Diodorus, Olympias was jealous of Hephaestion's intimate relationship with Alexander and slandered him in letters to her son.
Hephaestion responded with a letter of his own, which said: If you persist, we shall not be much disturbed. In Book 12, verse 7 of Aelian's Varia Historiathe author writes that " Alexander laid a wreath on Achilles' tomb and Hephaestion on Patroclus', hinting that he was the object of Alexander's love, as Patroclus was of Achilles. However other translations downplay this aspectreading "Alexander crowned the tomb of Achilles, and Hephaestion that of Patroclus; signifying that he was as dear to Alexander as Patroclus was to Achilles.
That will require further investigation on my part. However, Aelian was not a historian but, rather, a philosopher. Varia Historia was a collection of anecdotes and scenes heavily influenced by Stoicism. Considering the nature of his works, Aelian's information about Alexander is generally regarded as less reliable than that of Arrian, Plutarch, and others. He is considered a founder of Cynicism, which was a precursor to Stoicism.