Hong Kong's democracy debate - BBC News
ChaguanWhat a new bridge says about Hong Kong's relations with mainland China. “One country, two systems” is losing its appeal. The Blurring Boundaries Between Hong Kong and Mainland China and expert on Hong Kong–China relations at Johns Hopkins University. The most Googled question about Hong Kong regards what country it's in the mainland and British and international influence in Hong Kong.
More formally, the Central People's Government released a report in that asserts that Hong Kong's judiciary should be subordinate to, and not independent of, the government. By the time the central government stepped in with a view, the so-called Pan-Democrats had adopted an all-or-nothing strategy that derailed any hope of progress in time for elections in As a highly developed economy with a high standard of living, Hong Kong culture has different values in relation to hygiene and social propriety compared to mainland China.
Hong Kong-mainland conflict is mainly attributed to the cultural differences  between Hong Kong people and mainlanders, such as languages,  as well as the significant growth in number of mainland visitors.
Since the implementation of Individual Visit Scheme  on 28 Julythe number of mainland visitors increased from 6. Tour guide Lee Qiaozhen verbally abused mainland tourist[ edit ] On 5 FebruaryLee Qiaozhen, a Hong Kong tour guide, had a quarrel with three mainland tourists. Lee and the three tourists were arrested by the police for physical assault. The actions sparked protests spanning several days and gained international news coverage on 8 January.
Kong's strong language prompted protests in Hong Kong. Parallel trading in Hong Kong[ edit ] Main article: Anti-parallel trading protests Sincethere have been a vertiginous increase in mainland parallel traders coming to the northern parts of Hong Kong to import goods and export them back to mainland. Products that are popular among these traders include infant formula and household products.
Up to now, each person is only allowed 2 cans, or 1. Hong Kong citizens expressed concerns that the pregnant women and anchor babies put heavier burden on Hong Kong's medical system.
Leung further underlined that those who did may not be able to secure the right of abode for their offspring in Hong Kong.
- Hong Kong–Mainland China conflict
- Hong Kong and China: A special relationship
China-Hong Kong football rivalry Inthe Chinese Football Association launched a series of posters relating to other Asian football teams. Among these, the poster relating to Hong Kong appeared to mock the multi-ethnic make-up of Hong Kong's football team. Pro-Beijing Federation of Trade Unions lawmaker Chan Yuen-han advised and assisted the boy and his grandmother to obtain a temporary ID and pleaded for compassion from the local community.
The boy eventually gave up and returned to his parents in mainland China. The motion sought to defend local history and culture from the influence of mainland China.
Supporters argued that mainlandisation leads to fakeness, rampant corruption and the abuse of power, while Hong Kong risked becoming another mainland city. Opponents of the motion, argued that motion was seeing different cultures with a narrow perspective and attempting to split the Chinese nation and create conflict.
With issues of vandalism, disobeying the rules, freedom of speech, respecting different opinions and displaying hateful messages reaching the spotlight, as well similar incidents occurring in other Hong Kong universities 'Democracy walls' such as Education University of Hong Kong, University of Hong Kong, Polytechnic University of Hong Kong.
Rise of locals' awareness in self-identity[ edit ] The major significance is the rise of local awareness in self-identity. With reference to the survey conducted by a public opinion programme of the University of Hong Kong, the identity index of interviewees who regarded themselves as "Chinese" plummeted between the years of —, from approximately 7. The drop in sense of national identity is believed to be the result of the aforementioned conflicts. Exacerbation of conflicts between local and mainlanders[ edit ] There are differences in culture and political backgrounds between those from Hong Kong and China.
Hong Kong was ruled by the British based on the system of letters patent from the s towhereas China was under the control of the Chinese Communist Party from onwards.
Anti-mainland China sentiments | South China Morning Post
The dominant explanation for Hong Kong's political problems in much of the international media and among some Hong Kongers is that they are the result of the central authorities Beijing tightening its grip on Hong Kong politics and society. But if anything, the "occupy" movement of autumn and debates since it have demonstrated the limits to Beijing's ability to influence, let alone control, events in Hong Kong.
Voting in Hong Kong after mass protests China's impact on HK The reality is that a complex mix of local, national and global factors explain the underlying trends in Hong Kong. Significant stresses lie within Hong Kong itself rather than in the relationship between Hong Kong and Beijing.
Hong Kong and China: A special relationship | Asia Pacific | Al Jazeera
Socioeconomic forces are a key driverin particular the growth in income inequality, rising prices of housing and other basic commodities, and the effect of increased immigration, especially from the rest of China.
Governance challenges result from a constitutional arrangement whereby a legislature - which is substantially elected effectively - acts as opposition to an unelected executive. And although a sense of dysfunction has grown since Leung Chun-ying's administration took charge inthe roots of the current governance challenges predate his administration. Combined with growing socioeconomic divisions in Hong Kong, the impact of China's economic rise has fuelled new forces in Hong Kong politics, which in turn tap into long-standing antipathy to China's ruling Communist Party from a sizeable proportion of Hong Kong people.
Global politics is also a factor, with some arguing that the Hong Kong protests of should be seen as part of a global wave of protest ; the "Sunflower Movement" in Taiwan in early certainly appears to have inspired some of Hong Kong's "occupy" protesters.
Hong Kong's democracy debate
Another structural factor needs more consideration. Although tensions had begun to appear in the first decade after the handover from Britain to China, they were balanced by the pre global and Chinese economic boom, with a sense that Hong Kong had broadly benefited both from China's economic rise and from globalisation.
However, in recent years international concern about the implications of China's economic rise has grown, extending to many people in Hong Kong. For some, the growth in Chinese tourism, investment in property overseas, and commercial expansion have been a financial opportunity, but for many, their effect on rising prices and Hong Kong's changing demographic profile are a threat.
This is all the more so for a crowded city which can't hedge the effect of China's rise as other global cities can - although strengthening Hong Kong's economic links across Southeast Asia would help.