Judas Iscariot - Wikipedia
three key figures in the Gospel of John: Jesus, Judas, and Peter. As these characters interact, John is "omniscient," which is important in relation to his. Tom Thatcher is . concern so that God the Father might be glorified. After Martha,. Mary. However, Jesus is unafraid and answers them further regarding his special relationship with God. “The Father has affection for the Son,” he says, “and shows . Several of Jesus Christ's apostles were His cousins; later His half brothers James and Judas wrote epistles that bear their names and became part of the New Testament. Clopas” and by Matthew and Mark as “Mary the mother of James and Joses. This family relationship also helps us understand why James and John.
The primary work of Jesus was to effect reconciliation between us and our Father God. He paid the price on the Cross for all sin, and offers pardon to even a thief in his dying hour on the Cross.
Simon the Leper, the righteous Pharisee, wants to work his way into Heaven by his deeds, but Jesus says there is forgiveness after true repentance.
Then Jesus deals with Simon's son, Judas. Now the outcry, instigated by Judas, reaches Jesus' ears; with most of the other disciples now taking part. Jesus immediately turns to Judas and publicly rebukes him, in front of all at the dinner.
John now picks up the story in his account with a very telling comment John. Here is the secret, that so many have never understood, Judas was Simon's son! He is rebuked publicly in front of his own father, in his home town where he grew up and in front of many influential people from Jerusalem. Jesus has been saying his kingdom is not of this world, that he was going to die, and Judas is now put down for his "wanting to help the poor". Jesus used a strong command in the language when he said to Judas, "Let her alone".
In the original it is an imperative form of speech. This was the girl who had been a prostitute in the city, and found forgiveness and faith in Jesus. This was the girl he had grown up with, in that same small town just outside Jerusalem.
Judas was not about to accept this rebuke of Jesus lightly, and John tells us that he went that same night to the chief priests in the temple and made his pact with hell. But as there had been kept in the archives up to that time the genealogies of the Hebrews as well as of those who traced their lineage back to proselytessuch as Achior the Ammonite and Ruth the Moabitess, and to those who were mingled with the Israelites and came out of Egypt with them, Herod [ the Great ], inasmuch as the lineage of the Israelites contributed nothing to his advantage, and since he was goaded with the consciousness of his own ignoble extraction, burned all the genealogical records, thinking that he might appear of noble origin if no one else were able, from the public registers, to trace back his lineage to the patriarchs or proselytes and to those mingled with them, who were called Georae.
A few of the careful, however, having obtained private records of their own, either by remembering the names or by getting them in some other way from the registers, pride themselves on preserving the memory of their noble extraction. Among these are those already mentioned, called Desposyni, on account of their connection with the family of the Saviour.
Coming from Nazara and Cochaba, villages of Judea, into other parts of the world, they drew the aforesaid genealogy from memory and from the book of daily records as faithfully as possible. Whether then the case stand thus or not no one could find a clearer explanation, according to my own opinion and that of every candid person. And let this suffice us, for, although we can urge no testimony in its support, we have nothing better or truer to offer.
In any case the Gospel states the truth. And when Matthan was dead, Melchi, who was descended from Nathan begat Eli by the same woman. Eli and Jacob were thus uterine brothers. Eli having died childless, Jacob raised up seed to him, begetting Joseph, his own son by nature, but by law the son of Eli. Thus Joseph was the son of both. The extract refers to the period from the reign of Domitian 81—96 to that of Trajan 98—and includes the statement that two Desposyni brought before Domitian later became leaders of the churches: These were informed against, as belonging to the family of David, and Evocatus brought them before Domitian Caesar: So he asked them whether they were of the family of David; and they confessed they were.
Next he asked them what property they had, or how much money they possessed.
This would mean Iscariot derives from a kind of Greek-Aramaic hybrid: Ehrman concludes, "This is not a tradition that was likely to have been made up by a Christian later, after Jesus's death—since one of these twelve had abandoned his cause and betrayed him. No one thought that Judas Iscariot would be seated on a glorious throne in the Kingdom of God. That saying, therefore appears to go back to Jesus, and indicates, then, that he had twelve close disciples, whom he predicted would reign in the coming Kingdom.
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Judas clearly played an active part in this apostolic ministry alongside the other eleven. Simon Peter spoke for the twelve: You have the words of eternal life," but Jesus observed then that although Judas was one of the twelve whom he had chosen, he was "a devil. Mark's Gospel states that the chief priests were looking for a way to arrest Jesus. They decided not to do so during the feast [of the Passover ], since they were afraid that people would riot;  instead, they chose the night before the feast to arrest him.
According to Luke's account, Satan entered Judas at this time.
Brothers of Jesus
The evangelist comments in John Ehrman argues that Judas's betrayal "is about as historically certain as anything else in the tradition",   pointing out that the betrayal is independently attested in the Gospel of Mark, in the Gospel of John, and in the Book of Acts. Meier sums up the historical consensus, stating, "We only know two basic facts about [Judas]: Afterwards, he committed suicide by hanging himself. Lewisfor example, to reject the view "that every statement in Scripture must be historical truth".
Zwiep states that "neither story was meant to be read in light of the other"  and that "the integrity of both stories as complete narratives in themselves is seriously disrespected when the two separate stories are being conflated into a third, harmonized version.
Brothers of Jesus - Wikipedia
Reed argues that the Matthew account is a midrashic exposition that allows the author to present the event as a fulfillment of prophetic passages from the Old Testament. They argue that the author adds imaginative details such as the thirty pieces of silver, and the fact that Judas hangs himself, to an earlier tradition about Judas's death.
Jeremiah 18—9 concerns a potter Illumination from a western manuscript, c. There are several explanations as to why Judas betrayed Jesus. The Gospel of John account has Judas complaining that money has been spent on expensive perfumes to anoint Jesus which could have been spent on the poor, but adds that he was the keeper of the apostles' purse and used to steal from it.
In this view, Judas is a disillusioned disciple betraying Jesus not so much because he loved money, but because he loved his country and thought Jesus had failed it.
Another is that regardless of the betrayal, Jesus was ultimately destined for crucifixion.
Simon’s Son Judas
Origen of Alexandriain his Commentary on John's Gospel, reflected on Judas's interactions with the other apostles and Jesus' confidence in him prior to his betrayal. They allege various problematic ideological contradictions with the discrepancy between Judas' actions and his eternal punishment.
Bruce Reichenbach argues that if Jesus foresees Judas' betrayal, then the betrayal is not an act of free will and therefore should not be punishable. Conversely, it is argued that just because the betrayal was foretold, it does not prevent Judas from exercising his own free will in this matter. The difficulty inherent in the saying is its paradox: The earliest churches believed "as it is written of him" to be prophetic, fulfilling Scriptures such as that of the suffering servant in Isaiah and the righteous one in Psalm 22, which do not require betrayal at least by Judas as the means to the suffering.