Mariam-uz-Zamani - Wikipedia
maharana pratap in hindi akbar and jodha bai history Bai].It is full of fiction with no relation to real history. Sat, 27 Oct Mariam-uz-Zamani c. – 19 May ) was a wife of Emperor Akbar. Her actual name is Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, the autobiography of Jahangir, doesn't mention Jodha Bai, Harkha Bai or Heer Kunwari. . for the region and territory under the great Rajput ruler and chief contender to Akbar of that era, Maharana Pratap. Mother, Rani Bhagwati Bai. Religion, Hinduism. Raja Man Singh (Raja Man Singh I) (21 December – 6 July ) was the kachwaha Man Singh was sent by Akbar to Maharana Pratap to make a treaty with Akbar and accept Mughal.
But Maharana Pratap, as a grandson of Rana Sangaconsidered the Mughals invaders intruders on Indian territory; he declined to accept Akbar's sovereignty. A fierce battle was fought on 18 June at Haldi Ghati. Rana Pratap's famous warhorse the blue eyed Marwari stallion "Chetak" was mortally wounded. Rana Pratap, himself, amazingly survived this battle. Jhala Man Singh put the helmet of Rana Pratap on his head, though he knew he would be killed soon by doing this. Ultimately, the Mughal army won the battle.
The next day Man Singh advanced and captured Gogundathe seat of Pratap's coronation, but the geographical situation of Mewar was such that Rana Pratap could hide between hills. He exploited this and began guerrilla warfare. Ultimately, Pratap was able to liberate all of Mewar except the fort of Chittor.
In the Battle of Haldighatidespite exaggerated figures, it is estimated that Rana Pratap had horsemen, some elephants and Bhil warriors under Rao Poonja. A small artillery unit was also with him under Hakim Khan Sur. The force was divided into five wings. The right wing was under Bhamashah and Ramshah Tanwar. The left wing was under Jhala Man Singh. Rana Pratap was in the centre.
Behind him was Rao Poonja with his Bhil warriors. Among the horsemen 4, were Kachwaha Rajput warriors. This force divided into five wings. There were two advance wings. The second advance troop was under Madho Singh Kachwaha. Behind this was Man Singh.
Raja Man Singh Biography
At first Rana Pratap attacked and scattered the advance and left wings of the Mughal army. Jagnnath Kachwaha killed Ramshah Tanwar and Rajput warriors of both sides engaged in fierce battle. The Mughal army could not distinguish between friend and foe and killed Rajputs of both sides. The Mughal army surrounded Rana Pratap; so to save his life Jhala Man put the Rana's helmet on his head and died in his place. This provided Maha Rana Pratap a chance to escape. After this, Rana's army dispersed.
The Mughal Army, expecting another attack, remained vigilant all night. Only in the morning they were able to judge their success. Almost half of Rana's army was finished. The battle was won by Mughals but the Maharana had survived. Qazi Muhammad Yazdi declared it the duty of every Muslim to rebel against Akbar.
Man Singh I - Wikipedia
Akbar sent armies to Bihar and Bengal to crush this rebellion, while he himself started towards Kabul; Man Singh with him. Although, Akbar's army was hesitating to cross the swelling Indus River, Man Singh was able to cross it first followed by troops. Hearing the news Mirza Hakim fled to Gurband.
Following the army, Akbar himself arrived at Kabul on 10 August After Akbar returned to Fatehpur Sikri ; Bakhtunissa remained as the nominal head of state, while Hakim acted as the governor Hakim died in July, Kabul was annexed by the Mughal Empire and Man Singh was appointed governor.
He remained in Kabul for some years and built a fortress, used by succeeding Mughal governors. Man Singh brought many talented men with him when he returned from Kabul. Some of their descendants still live in Jaipur.
The Yusufzai and "Mandar" tribes were the main ones among them.
However, they failed to control the revolting Afghans and Raja Birbal, friend of Akbar and one of his Navratnas was also killed in the battle with Afghans. Todarmal had some success in controlling the rebellious Afghan tribes, but the real source of the revolt was behind the Khyber Pass. It was hard to cross this pass which was dominated by Afghan "Kabailies". Man Singh was accompanied by "Rao Gopaldas" of Nindar in this expedition, who bravely made way for Mughal army in the pass.
After crossing the pass Man Singh decisively defeated five major tribes of Afghans including Yusufzai and "Mandar" tribes.
The flag of Amber was changed from "Katchanar" green climber in white base to "Pachranga" five colored to commemorate this victory. This flag continued in use until accession of Jaipur state in India. This permanently crushed the revolt and the area remained peaceful thereafter. It was also suggested that his daughter should be married to him, as a sign of complete submission. Once, this had been done, Akbar asked his brother-in-law, Sharif-ud-din, not to interfere with the raja.
This was a sign that the marriage was not of equals and indicated Bihari Mal's family's inferior social status. Hindus as well as Muslims. The rajas had much to gain from the link to imperial family. Akbar made such marriages respectable for Rajputs. An expectant Heer was sent to Sheikh's humble dwelling at Sikri during the period of her pregnancy.
On 30 Augustthe boy was born and received the name Salim, in acknowledgement of his father's faith in the efficacy of the holy man's prayer. Though she remained a HinduJodhabai was honoured with the title Mariam-uz-Zamani "Mary of the Age" after she gave birth to Jahangir.
Of twenty-seven Rajputs in Abu'l-Fazl list of mansabdars, thirteen were of Amber clan, and some of them rose to positions as high as that of imperial princes. Raja Bhagwan Dasfor instance, became commander ofthe highest position available at that time, and bore the proud title Amir-ul-Umara Chief Noble.
His son, Man Singh Irose even higher to become commander of Around the time Ranthambore submitted, Kalinjar surrendered to the Muhgals, within three months, JodhpurBikaner and Jaisalmer also submitted, with the royal families of Jodhpur and Jaisalmer offering princesses to the Mughal harem. When the Portuguese officially refused to return the ship and the passengers, the outcry at the Moghul court was quite unusually severe.
The outrage was compounded by the fact that the owner and the patron of the ship was none other than the revered mother of the current emperor. Mariam-uz-Zamani's son, the Indian emperor Jahangir, ordered the seizure of the Portuguese town Daman. This episode is considered to be an example of the struggle for wealth that would later ensue and lead to colonization of the Indian sub-continent.
A number of royal functions took place in the household of Mariam-uz-Zamani like Jahangir's solar weighing,  Jahangir's marriage to daughter of Jagat Singh,  and Shehzada Parviz 's wedding to daughter of Sultan Murad Mirza.