Anagnorisis - Wikipedia
Learn about how the Electra complex relates to the Oedipus at the college level and has a master's degree in Counseling Psychology. Electra In psychoanalytic theory, it refers to the powerful mother-son relationship in childhood. With the aid of Electra, Orestes kills both his mother and her lover and. Though the Orestes and Electra of Libation Bearers show the . 36 Similarities of form and metre underscore the relationship between the Cassandra scene in Orestes, who so depends on others for advice and support, Clytemnestra stands. which the priority of marriage was procreation for the purpose of providing legitimate .. Taking Aristotle's advice," I will not accept that virtue is merely "a good condition The image of 'Orestes-as-exile' is continued as Electra tells how he is.
Hellenistic culture thus represents a fusion of the Ancient Greek world with that of the Near East, Middle East and this mixture gave rise to a common Attic-based Greek dialect, known as Koine Greek, which became the lingua franca through the Hellenistic world.
Scholars and historians are divided as to what event signals the end of the Hellenistic era, Hellenistic is distinguished from Hellenic in that the first encompasses the entire sphere of direct ancient Greek influence, while the latter refers to Greece itself. Although words related in form or meaning, e. Some areas of the world were more affected by Greek influences than others. The Greek population and the population did not always mix, the Greeks moved and brought their own culture.
While a few fragments exist, there is no surviving historical work which dates to the hundred years following Alexanders death. The works of the major Hellenistic historians Hieronymus of Cardia, Duris of Samos, the earliest and most credible surviving source for the Hellenistic period is Polybius of Megalopolis, a statesman of the Achaean League until BC when he was forced to go to Rome as a hostage.
His Histories eventually grew to a length of forty books, covering the years to BC, another important source, Plutarchs Parallel Lives though more preoccupied with issues of personal character and morality, outlines the history of important Hellenistic figures.
Appian of Alexandria wrote a history of the Roman empire that includes information of some Hellenistic kingdoms, other sources include Justins epitome of Pompeius Trogus Historiae Philipicae and a summary of Arrians Events after Alexander, by Photios I of Constantinople.
Ancient Greece had traditionally been a collection of fiercely independent city-states. After the Peloponnesian War, Greece had fallen under a Spartan hegemony, in which Sparta was pre-eminent but not all-powerful 3. He is the subject of several Ancient Greek plays and of various myths connected with his madness and purification, in the Homeric telling of the story, Orestes is a member of the doomed house of Atreus which is descended from Tantalus and Niobe.
Seven years later, Orestes returns from Athens and avenges his fathers death by slaying both Aegisthus and his own mother Clytemnestra, in the Odyssey, Orestes is held up as a favorable example to Telemachus, whose mother Penelope is plagued by suitors. According to Pindar, the young Orestes was saved by his nurse Arsinoe or his sister Electra, in the familiar theme of the heros early eclipse and exile, he escaped to Phanote on Mount Parnassus, where King Strophius took charge of him.
In his twentieth year, he was urged by Electra to return home and he returned home along with his friend Pylades, Strophiuss son. The same myth is told differently by Sophocles and Euripides in their Electra plays, graves asserts that the sacrilege for which the Erinyes pursued Orestes was actually the killing of his mother, who represented matriarchy.
Agamemnon - Wikipedia
The story of Orestes was the subject of the Oresteia of Aeschylus, of the Electra of Sophocles, in Aeschyluss Eumenides, Orestes goes mad after the deed and is pursued by the Erinyes, whose duty it is to punish any violation of the ties of family piety.
He takes refuge in the temple at Delphi, but, even though Apollo had ordered him to do the deed, at last Athena receives him on the acropolis of Athens and arranges a formal trial of the case before twelve judges, including herself.
The Erinyes demand their victim, he pleads the orders of Apollo, Athena votes last announcing that she is for acquittal, then the votes are counted and the result is a tie, resulting in an acquittal according to the rules previously stipulated by Athena. The Erinyes are propitiated by a new ritual, in which they are worshipped as Semnai Theai, Venerable Ones and he went to Tauris with Pylades, and the pair were at once imprisoned by the people, among whom the custom was to sacrifice all Greek strangers to Artemis.
The priestess of Artemis, whose duty it was to perform the sacrifice, was Orestes sister Iphigenia. She offered to him if he would carry home a letter from her to Greece, he refused to go. After his return to Greece, Orestes took possession of his fathers kingdom of Mycenae to which were added Argos and he was said to have died of a snakebite in Arcadia.
His body was conveyed to Sparta for burial or, according to a Roman legend, to Aricia, before the Trojan War, Orestes was to marry his cousin Hermione, daughter of Menelaus and Helen. Things soon changed after Orestes committed matricide, Menelaus then gave his daughter to Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, according to Euripides play Andromache, Orestes slew Neoptolemus just outside a temple and took off with Hermione.
He seized Argos and Arcadia after their thrones had become vacant and his son by Hermione, Tisamenus, became ruler after him but was eventually killed by the Heracleidae. There is extant a Latin epic poem, consisting of about hexameters, called Orestes Tragoedia, Orestes appears also to be a dramatic prototype for all persons whose crime is mitigated by extenuating circumstances.
In one version of the story of Telephus, the infant Orestes was kidnapped by King Telephus, according to some sources, Orestes fathered Penthilus by his half-sister, Erigone 4. The first phase of the expansion was designed and supervised by the architect Louis Le Vau and it culminated in the addition of three new wings of stone, which surrounded Louis XIIIs original building on the north, south, and west.
During the second phase of expansion, two enormous wings north and south of the wings flanking the Cour Royale were added by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart. He also replaced Le Vaus large terrace, facing the garden on the west, with became the most famous room of the palace.
The Royal Chapel of Versailles, located at the end of the north wing, was begun by Mansart in One of the most baffling aspects to the study of Versailles is the cost — how much Louis XIV, owing to the nature of the construction of Versailles and the evolution of the role of the palace, construction costs were essentially a private matter.
Initially, Versailles was planned to be a residence for Louis XIV and was referred to as the kings house. Once Louis XIV embarked on his campaigns, expenses for Versailles became more of a matter for public record. Accordingly, all materials that went into the construction and decoration of Versailles were manufactured in France, even the mirrors used in the decoration of the Hall of Mirrors were made in France.
While Venice in the 17th century had the monopoly on the manufacture of mirrors, to meet the demands for decorating and furnishing Versailles, Colbert nationalised the tapestry factory owned by the Gobelin family, to become the Manufacture royale des Gobelins. Inthe name of the enterprise was changed to the Manufacture royale des Meubles de la Couronne, the Comptes meticulously list the expenditures on the silver furniture — disbursements to artists, final payments, delivery — as well as descriptions and weight of items purchased.
Entries for and concerning the silver used in the salon de Mercure serve as an example. Created by Catherine de Medici as the garden of the Tuileries Palace init was opened to the public in In the 19th and 20th centuries, it was the place where Parisians celebrated, met, strolled and she decided that she would build a new palace there for herself, separate from the Louvre, with a garden modeled after the gardens of her native Florence.
Some of land had been acquired early in the 16th century by King Francois I, Catherine acquired more land and began to build a new palace and garden on the site. The garden of Catherine de Medicis was a space five hundred metres long.
The Tuileries was the largest and most beautiful garden in Paris at the time, Catherine used it for lavish royal festivities honoring ambassadors from Queen Elizabeth I of England and the marriage of her daughter, Marguerite de Valois, to the future Henry IV.
King Henry III was forced to flee Paris inand he also built a rectangular basin 65 metres by 45 metres with a fountain supplied with water by the new pump called La Samaritaine, which had been built in on the Pont Neuf.
The area between the palace and the moat of Charles V was turned into the New Garden with a large fountain in the center. Though Henry IV never lived in the Tuilieries Palace, which was continually under reconstruction, he did use the gardens for relaxation, inat the death of his father, Louis XIII, age nine became the new owner of the Tuileries Gardens. It became his enormous playground - he used it for hunting, on the north side of the gardens, Marie de Medicis established a school of riding, stables, and a covered manege for exercising horses.
When the King and court were absent from Paris, the gardens were turned into a spot for the nobility. In a former rabbit warren and kennel at the west rampart of the garden were made into a flower-lined promenade, in La Grande Mademoiselle was expelled from the chateau and garden for having supported an uprising, the Fronde, against her cousin, the young Louis XIV.
The new king quickly imposed his own sense of order on the Tuileries Gardens and his architects, Louis Le Vau and Francois dOrbay, finally finished the Tuileries Palace, making a proper royal residence.
He eliminated the street which separated the palace and the garden, in the centre of the parterres he placed three basins with fountains. French Revolution — Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history, the causes of the French Revolution are complex and are still debated among historians.
Following the Seven Years War and the American Revolutionary War, the French government was deeply in debt, Years of bad harvests leading up to the Revolution also inflamed popular resentment of the privileges enjoyed by the clergy and the aristocracy. The next few years featured political struggles between various liberal assemblies and right-wing supporters of the intent on thwarting major reforms.
The Republic was proclaimed in September after the French victory at Valmy, in a momentous event that led to international condemnation, Louis XVI was executed in January External threats closely shaped the course of the Revolution, internally, popular agitation radicalised the Revolution significantly, culminating in the rise of Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins.
Large numbers of civilians were executed by revolutionary tribunals during the Terror, after the Thermidorian Reaction, an executive council known as the Directory assumed control of the French state in The rule of the Directory was characterised by suspended elections, debt repudiations, financial instability, persecutions against the Catholic clergy, dogged by charges of corruption, the Directory collapsed in a coup led by Napoleon Bonaparte in Its initial stage is manifested when a son totally isolates a mother from his life until a total cut-off of a mother-son connection.
Competition may take violent forms and accepts victory supremacy only of the one. Still practice shows that it is not always true, which hurts egoists and makes their Ego complex vulnerable and insatiable.
Usually such egoists were the only child in family, who were used to the situation when all their desires were accomplished momentously. However, it is not always the case. Such people stand out in a crowd as they care only about the satisfaction of their own needs. Contacts, which do not serve their own pleasure, are usually eliminated.
The complex does not present evident danger, neither for the personal health nor to the society. These people are efficient in finding what they want to, however as soon as their goals are achieved they stay lonely.
Father Complex This complex derives from a natural habit of constant preoccupation and care about the child, which soon might grow into a complex. And even when he does so, he is anxious as well. So, a dilemma has two ends, that is why this complex resembles a sort of vicious circle. For a parent it seems difficult to get accustomed to the idea that his offspring is an adult now.
Sometimes they can even get closer if both parts accept it, and if not, there happens a rupture and alienation. Complex of Don Juan Complex derives from constant personal frustrations incurred in intimate relations with women. Sad love story with a broken-heart-end or sexual traumatic experience might also be in the roots of this masculine complex.
Such people are not capable of raising a family. However, if this person aims at changing his life, psychoanalysis and personal-relations therapy shall be applied. Such children usually stand out in a crowd as bearers of a particular cause. The complex might be formed also during more mature age due to non-possibility of self-realization and as a consequence of the life crisis.
The complex does not carry any danger to life as long as it does not grow into mania. Cleopatra Complex Complex of Cleopatra or a Complex of a Queen is inherent to a big number of powerful women. She is assured about her own uniqueness and possession of total power above the rest of the world owing to her eminent beauty, great talent or other outstanding qualities. At first sight such a woman might seem frigid and disinterested in company of men: From her partners she demands total adoration and veneration as that is what her sensation of exclusiveness urges.
And in a case when it is not received, the consequences might be dramatic and even tragic for both parts. Any competitor might be eliminated instantly as such a woman asks a man to be to totally loyal to her.
Complex of Lolita Complex appears as a consequence of difficult relations between a daughter and a father in a childhood, or it might also be provoked by fatherless childhood. The complex is usually attributed to the teen girls, however, it is also frequent at the adult women, which is demonstrated as following: Usually the complex does not bring about the complications as long as both partners consent to such relations.
As a result, Agamemnon stole an attractive slave called Briseisone of the spoils of war, from Achilles. Agamemnon, having realized Achilles's importance in winning the war against the Trojan Army, sent ambassadors begging for Achilles to return, offering him riches and the hand of his daughter in marriage, but Achilles refused, only being spurred back into action when his closest friend, Patroclus, was killed in battle.
Although not the equal of Achilles in bravery, Agamemnon was a representative of "kingly authority". As commander-in-chief, he summoned the princes to the council and led the army in battle.
His chief fault was his overwhelming haughtiness; an over-exalted opinion of his position that led him to insult Chryses and Achilles, thereby bringing great disaster upon the Greeks. ClytemnestraAgamemnon's wife, had taken Aegisthusson of Thyestesas a lover. When Agamemnon came home he was slain by either Aegisthus in the oldest versions of the story  or Clytemnestra.
According to the accounts given by Pindar and the tragedians, Agamemnon was slain in a bath by his wife alone, a blanket of cloth or a net having first been thrown over him to prevent resistance.
Her jealousy of Cassandra, and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia and at Agamemnon's having gone to war over Helen of Troy, are said to have been the motives for her crime. Agamemnon's son Orestes later avenged his father's murder, with the help or encouragement of his sister Electraby murdering Aegisthus and Clytemnestra his own motherthereby inciting the wrath of the Erinyes English: Other stories[ edit ] Athenaeus tells a tale of how Agamemnon mourned the loss of his friend or lover Argynnuswhen he drowned in the Cephisus river.
In the legends of the PeloponnesusAgamemnon was regarded as the highest type of a powerful monarch, and in Sparta he was worshipped under the title of Zeus Agamemnon. His tomb was pointed out among the ruins of Mycenae and at Amyclae. Another account makes him the son of Pleisthenes the son or father of Atreuswho is said to have been Aerope's first husband.
In works of art, there is considerable resemblance between the representations of Zeusking of the gods, and Agamemnon, king of men.
He is generally depicted with a sceptre and diademconventional attributes of kings.