The Hazaras - Right Now
An even greater division between the two religious branches occured when Husayn was captured and murdered by the Sunni. Aziz Royesh provides an account of the conflict in his blog entry, http://azizroyesh .blogspot. (Pashtuns) on Hazaras gathered in Kabul for the Shi'a religious mourning ten to the advice and preaching of the Sunnis, it will be absolutely. Jump to map Conflict in Afghanistan Although many Pashtuns, the country's biggest ethnic community, are not quotas for officers: percent Pashtun, percent Tajik, percent Hazara and Afghan National Army recruits receive their first instructions and advice from an officer as they.
Most people remember that in February of the Taliban demolished the great Bamiyan Buddhas. These two enormous Buddhas were hewn into the cliff face by Hazaras six or seven hundred years ago, because when the Hazaras arrived in Afghanistan they were Buddhist. Today Hazaras are easily recognised, because they are distinctly Asian in appearance.
They are thought to be the descendants of Genghis Khan. They have been targeted by the Pashtun majority in Afghanistan for a long time, certainly since the time of King Abdurrahman inbut they are especially persecuted under the Taliban. The Taliban, who are all Pashtun, are Sunni Muslim.
In Afghanistan, and increasingly in lawless areas of Pakistan, relations between the two Muslim groups bring to mind the oppression of Roman Catholics in late 16th and early 17th century England, or more recently in Northern Ireland. And so we have the unfortunate spectacle of a religious minority who are hated by the religious majority, who look physically different and, adding a historical resonance, Hazara men are circumcised.
Pashtun animosity of the Hazaras increased during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan: Who are the Hazaras?
Hazaras had traditionally been excluded from higher education girls were not allowed to be educated at allbut the Soviets thought all people should be entitled to an education. The Hazaras welcomed this and sided with the Soviets. The Americans, in pursuit of their goal of ousting the Soviets, set up a fighting force and armed them.
They were the Taliban, drawn from the Pashtun majority. The Taliban thus have historical, political and religious reasons for hating the Hazaras, and they have been peculiarly brutal in their assault.
On 8 August the Taliban occupied Mazar-e Sharif. They conducted a murderous spree which lasted three days and killed at least Hazaras. In the years since, there have been many reported instances of attacks by Taliban on Hazarasboth in Afghanistan and in Pakistan, especially Quetta. It is part of the territory the Hazarajat which was traditionally occupied by Hazaras before English cartographers created Afghanistan and, later, Pakistan. It is natural therefore that many Hazaras move from Afghanistan to Quetta.
One part of Quetta is largely a Hazara ghetto. But the Taliban are increasingly uncontrolled in Pakistan, and Hazaras who live in Quetta face the daily risk of being killed by a suicide bomber or shot by a Taliban sniper. Three Hazara friends of mine who came here as boat people but are now Australian citizens recently went to Quetta to visit family members. They returned to Australia shocked by what they had seen: They saw taxi drivers refuse to pick up Hazaras, for fear of being caught in an ambush.
Recent news reports tell a consistent story. But in Pashtun society, this confidence has never come from the government. The law that matters is pashtunwali: Pashtun life is all about multigenerational relationships: To make stronger deals, Americans must learn to forge better relationships. Every Pashtun deal is merely the memorialization of the status quo at a given time — if the underlying premises change, the deal itself inevitably changes, too.
Every agreement is based on a personal relationship, and every Pashtun relationship is an organic thing. As an American official based in southern Afghanistan put it, "A deal is a data point. This term is often translated as "honor," but a more precise description might be "good name" or "how I am seen by people who matter.
Cultural and Religious differences: Pashtun vs. Hazara; Sunni vs. Shi’a by William Quach on Prezi
Many Americans, quite understandably, despair of forging any meaningful agreements in Afghanistan — particularly with the Taliban, whether at a local or national level. American relationships will almost always be fairly weak, and the drawdown deprives the United States of the only three elements power, money, and time that, if used judiciously, might permit durable ties not based on kinship to be forged.
Is the only choice left just to shut up and get out? Odd as it may sound, the thinned-out U. Overwhelming military power and economic bounty have not permitted prior empires to dominate Pashtun lands for long. Will bigger guns, more advanced technology and richer treasuries secure Pashtun cooperation? Go ask the Soviets or the British, the Mughals or the Safavids. Here are a few causes for optimism about the potential efficacy of a lighter touch: A smaller footprint may win Americans more friends.
Traditional Pashtun society is a bit like a mob-dominated town, with local leaders subtly competing against their rivals to be seen as the godfather of the community. When anyone has a problem that needs fixing, he must plead his case and owe a debt to the local patron. For the past decade, ISAF lieutenant colonels have unwittingly seized this role, with the American commander in Kabul playing the part of the capo di tutti capi.
This displaced khan used to be able to demonstrate his status by arming his supporters with Kalashnikovs and donating a dozen goats for sacrifice at Eid. More money, more problems. Who are the Hazaras? Despite their growing political clout, many Hazaras continue to feel discriminated against. Al Jazeera Living primarily in the rugged highlands in the country's centre, the Hazaras are one of Afghanistan's largest ethnic minorities, accounting for up to 20 percent of Afghanistan's 30 million inhabitants.
The Hazaras are said to be descendants of Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol empire, and the Mongol soldiers who swept through the region in the 13th century. Their Asiatic features and language - a dialect of Persian - set them apart from other Afghans, including the predominant ethnic Pashtun.
A history of persecution The Hazaras say they are considered outsiders in their own country and have been persecuted throughout history.Inside Story - Are Afghanistan's Hazaras marginalised?
Hazaras were sold as slaves as late as the 19th century. Those living in rural areas were denied public services.