guiadeayuntamientos.info: The Greek-Turkish Relationship and NATO (): Dr Fotios Moustakis: Books
guiadeayuntamientos.info: The Greek-Turkish Relationship and NATO (): Dr Fotios Moustakis: Books. The primary cause was Turkey's relations with its NATO ally Greece and its to use NATO assets on its missions, Turkey, as a non-EU country. The recent crisis between Greece and Turkey: Two NATO allies on the the main text that has regulated Greek-Turkish relations since then.Turkey-Greece Relations: Relations between the two countries deteriorate
Despite the tensions, however, it is also important to explain that Turkish-NATO relations have not really been unduly affected by the various military coups in Turkey since it became a member. That the coup attempt harmed Turkish-NATO relations shows that the alliance has entered a new scenario that had not been seen before. This paper will look at the main reasons behind the decline in relations sinceincluding the coup attempt, and discuss possible consequences it might have for the future.
Declining relations since There has been a gradual decline in Turkish-NATO relations since and an even swifter deterioration since The Arab uprisings and the Syrian war Turkey has had regional power aspirations since the end of the Cold War.
- Greek–Turkish relations
- strategic and international studies
Turkey wanted to lead democratic change and supported groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. It hoped that ideological affinities with the new movements in the Middle East would allow it to become a true regional leader for previously repressed populations.
Yet the Arab Spring failed in its goals in the Middle East except in Tunisia, with which Turkey had no substantial links. The coup in Egypt epitomised the failure of Turkish foreign policy in jumping on the bandwagon of change in the Middle East.
Similar to its policy towards Egypt, Ankara insisted that the regime in Syria had to change and that Bashar al-Assad had to go. However, this put Turkey at odds with the reality on the ground and gave the impression that Turkish foreign policy was based on unrealistic assumptions that al-Assad could be defeated over a short period of time.
Greece and Turkey Are Inching Toward War
In turn, Turkey supports other radical groups in Syria, some of them of a more religious bent with the aim of counterbalancing the YPG in the region. To date Turkey has engaged in three military operations in Syria.
In Februaryin a limited intervention, the Suleyman Shah tomb was relocated to Turkey.
The second, stretching for almost a year between the summer of and the spring ofhad as its aim to clear ISIS and certain Kurdish units out of parts of the area west of the Euphrates.
This broad region, as recently demonstrated, is characterised by geopolitical uncertainty and multiple and adverse strategic interests. Since its accession inGreece has contributed to Euro-Atlantic security and at the same time has been protected by the security umbrella the Alliance offers its members. Since Greece is one of the oldest members of the Alliance, a broad consensus has been developed among its citizens about the unique and essential role of NATO in ensuring the common defence and security of its members.
Nowadays, both citizens and politicians, under the challenges of the modern security environment, recognize that NATO has ceased to be a mere military alliance and has been transformed into a political institution of broader scope.
Being located in a strategically important region, Greece has gained a security dividend. It is worth mentioning that Greece actively contributes to all NATO operations, including the Libyan crisis when it participated in Operation Unified Protector from the very beginning, using its air and naval assets and providing its main bases in Crete and Peloponnesus to the Allied forces.
Taking advantage of this, Greece established an effective and efficient long term defence program which has resulted in developing credible and efficient armed forces. On 16 FebruaryTurkey prevented the Greek PM's aircraft carrying Greek PM and Greece's delegation from landing on the island of Rhodes for refueling during their trip to Iranarguing that the island is a demilitarized zone.
Turkey also refused to accept the flight plan submitted by the Greeks, mentioned that the plane will not be allowed to enter Turkish airspace. Greeks created a new flight plan, the plane flew over EgyptCyprusJordan and Saudi Arabia so as to reach Iran, according to the new plan.
The incident took place in Greek territorial waters east of Imia. Giorgos Baltadoros, 33, as he returned from a mission to intercept Turkish aircraft that had violated Greek air space. The Hellenic Air Force lost contact with the Mirage jet at The Turkish jets, contacted the pilot of the Greek helicopter and asked for flight details. Turkish and Greek soldiers have exchanged fire in the past, as Greeks have tried to stop Iranian refugees from entering the country illegally from Turkey, but this incident was the first in which there have been casualties.
During this period, Greek soldiers along the border with Turkey were on alert after receiving reports that Turkey planned to help thousands of refugees slip into Greece illegally. Inthe Sismik incident nearly started a war between Greece and Turkey.
Cyprus Missile Crisis[ edit ] During the Cyprus Missile Crisisbetween early and latetensions continued between Greece and Turkey, due to Greece's support of the Cypriot position.
Greece and NATO: a long lasting relationship
Greek—Turkish earthquake diplomacy Relations between Greece and neighbouring Turkey improved after successive earthquakes hit both countries in the summer of The so-called "earthquake diplomacy" generated an outpouring of sympathy and generous assistance provided by ordinary Greeks and Turks in both cases. These acts were encouraged from the top and took many foreigners by surprise, preparing the public for a breakthrough in bilateral relations, which had been marred by decades of hostility over anti-Greek pogromsterritorial disputes and the situation in the divided island of Cyprus.
Ten years later, Greece has become one of the key supporters of Turkey's struggle to enter the European Union. Yet, despite the confidence Greece and Cyprus have shown, voting YES for Turkey in order to begin its entry negotiations with the European Union in Octobermany key issues remain unresolved.
Furthermore, Turkey still denies access to Cypriot vessels to its territory, an obligation towards the EU with a deadline. The Turkish government counters that this restriction regarding Cypriot vessels was taken after the trade embargo decision against the portion of Cyprus illegally occupied by Turkey.
NATO Review - Greece and NATO: a long lasting relationship
The issue remains deadlocked, despite UN and EU attempts to mediate. Other unfulfilled obligations include Christian minority rights, acknowledgement of the Orthodox Church of Constantinople and the role of the Ecumenical Patriarch.
A sign of improved relations was visible in the response to a mid-air collision by Greek and Turkish fighter jets in the southern Aegean in May While the Turkish pilot ejected safely, the Greek pilot lost his life. However, both countries agreed that the event should not affect their bilateral relations  and made a strong effort to maintain them by agreeing to a set of confidence-building measures in the aftermath of the accident.
Forest arsons[ edit ] In Decemberthe Turkish newspaper Birgun reported on an interview with former Turkish prime minister Mesut Yilmaz saying that Turkey was behind a number of large forest fires in Greece in the s. Yilmaz later denied the statements, saying he had been misquoted by the newspaper and that he had been actually referring to unsubstantiated reports of Greek involvement in Turkish forest fires.
Also, former head of Greek intelligence service said they had intelligence that Turkish agencies were involved in the arsons in the s but had no proof. He said they had received information from their agents in Turkey that Turkish agents or others were involved in the forest fires on Greek islands.
He had applied for political asylum in Greece.