The Name of the Rose | guiadeayuntamientos.info
which our relationship ended. And so I was left with a number of manuscript notebooks in my hand, and a great emptiness in my heart. A few months later. The author of The Name of the Rose on why it is human to lie, how to stay in power – and his love/hate relationship with his most famous book. 'I am reaching the end of my ordeal," says Umberto Eco when we meet. The Name of the Rose Questions and Answers - Discover the guiadeayuntamientos.info the Rose, Umberto Eco creates parallels between the sexual relationship of men and At the end of this richly complicated medieval mystery book, which is also so.
Conspiracies in general, and the Protocols in particular, have been recurrent themes in Eco's work, notably in his second novel, Foucault's Pendulumwhere as a joke three nondescript book editors concoct a grand conspiracy that comes to take over their lives.
The Name of the Rose
Why do the Protocols preoccupy him? A dog doesn't lie. When it barks, it means there is somebody outside. The most famous and terrible of those forgeries is the Protocols.
You can never discover it because you don't know who is there. It is a psychological temptation of our species. Karl Popper wrote a beautiful essay on that, in which he said it started with Homer.
Everything that happens in Troy was plotted the day before on the top of Olympus by the gods. It's a way not to feel responsible for something.
That's why dictatorships use the notion of universal conspiracy as a weapon. For the first 10 years of my life I was educated by fascists at school, and they used a universal conspiracy — that you, the Englishman, the Jews and the capitalists were plotting against the poor Italian people. For Hitler it was the same. And Berlusconi has spent all his electoral campaigns speaking of the double conspiracy of the judges and the communists.
There are no more communists around, even if you look for them with a lamp, but for Berlusconi they were there trying to take over. Eco has always been a prominent figure on the political left, and has opposed Berlusconi since his first stint as PM in the mids.
He is pleased that the great partygoer has fallen, but warns against writing him off, suggesting he may try to return after the elections due in From the beginning he identified his target — middle-aged people who watch television. Young people do not watch television; they are on the internet. The people who support Berlusconi are and year-old ladies and retired people, who, in a country with an ageing population, make a powerful electoral force.
So even some of his famous blunders may be blunders for me and you, but probably for the provincial year-old lady or gentlemen they are not. His appeal was 'pay less taxes'.
When the premier says you are right not to pay taxes, you are pleased. There was a fear of the intellectual as a critical power, and in this sense there was a clash between Berlusconi and the intellectual world.
But Italy is not an intellectual country. On the subway in Tokyo everybody reads. In Italy, they don't. Don't evaluate Italy from the fact that it produced Raphael and Michelangelo. I was always defined as too erudite and philosophical, too difficult. Then I wrote a novel that is not erudite at all, that is written in plain language, The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana, and among my novels it is the one that has sold the least.
The Name of the Rose (Literature) - TV Tropes
So probably I am writing for masochists. It's only publishers and some journalists who believe that people want simple things. People are tired of simple things. Adso is supposed to be this. He fails, once in his life. Does William of Occam exist in this version? Yes, he's a friend of William of Baskerville. In the film, the transmogrification of the saintly Ubertino da Casale a minor character from a well-educated, decent, pious if slightly fanatical old man to a creepyobtuse Butt-Monkey who hits on Adso and is ridiculed by William.
Note that the poor guy actually existed. Several, notably the eccentric Ubertino da Casale film onlyand the deformed Salvatore. Bernardo Gui plans to use it on the cellarer, but even the mention of torture is enough for him to admit everything, even things he didn't commit. The story takes place during the papacy of John XXIIwho was notorious for centralising the power and income of the papacy in himself, and the reason the murders need to be solved quickly is because of the upcoming meeting between those loyal to John, and the poor Franciscans patronised by Louis of Bavaria, who's using them as leverage against the papacy.
Some Franciscans even consider John not just greedy, but an actual heretic. One character seriously proposes that Jesus never laughed because he knew how Christians would behave. Cover Innocent Eyes and Ears: When Bernado Gui catches the peasant girl inside the monastery, he rips open her clothes to expose her breasts, causing the monks to avert their gaze in horror or cover their eyes.
One monk does both, covering an eye and closing the other, which he quickly opens again for a peek. Salvatore, Ubertino da Casale, and half the monks. The final sentence of the book seen at the top of this page is a quote from 12th century monk Bernard of Cluny. However, while a few of his manuscripts do say "rosa", based on the relative quality of the various texts the modern consensus is that Bernard actually wrote "Roma", as in the city of Rome, which got lost in transcription.
Eco has since admitted he wasn't aware of this. The novel revolves around a book that apparently contains Things Man Was Not Meant to Know ; anybody who reads it dies horribly shortly afterward.
It turns out that there's nothing mystical about the book itself, but someone has treated its pages with poison to kill off anyone who reads it and prevent its contents getting about.
William of Baskerville is not without his sarcastic side. Adso attributes this to the fact that he's Britishbut it's also in large part because he's a Franciscan friar who, having sworn a vow to poverty, has found himself in a Benedictine monastery where the abbot is constantly showing off the place's many luxuries. Once William and Adso head for the library tower knowing the murderer is in the Finish Africae, you know they won't come out again until everything's resolved.
The book devotes page upon page to descriptions of the church's altar, the entrance to the crypt, Adso's vivid psychedelic-herb-induced visions, and the monastery's relics. William brings all the evidence he's discovered so far to the Abbot, including a note found by one of the victims revealing the location of the forbidden book.END THAT RELATIONSHIP RIGHT NOW! WITH NELLA ROSE
The Abbot informs him the Inquisition is already on the way, then burns the note. Fortunately William was Genre Savvy enough to make a copy. Religious wars declared over whether or not the clergy should be poor, homosexuality being a crime punishable by death, treating other religions and diferent subsets of the same religion with unmasked contempt Welcome to medieval Europe.
Direct Line to the Author: In a prologue, Eco describes how he "found" Adso's manuscript in the s. Seriously, all of this mayhem happens because some guy truly, awfully, and murderously resents the very idea that comedy is good — and thus, that priests should be allowed to make jokes. To actual history and geography[ edit ] Saint Michael's Abbeyin the Susa ValleyPiedmont William of Ockham, who lived during the time at which the novel is set, first put forward the principle known as Ockham's Razoroften summarised as the dictum that one should always accept as most likely the simplest explanation that accounts for all the facts a method used by William of Baskerville in the novel.
The book describes monastic life in the 14th century. The action takes place at a Benedictine abbey during the controversy surrounding the Apostolic poverty between branches of Franciscans and Dominicans ; see renewed controversy on the question of poverty. The book highlights this tension that existed within Christianity during the medieval era: A number of the characters, such as the Inquisitor Bernard GuiUbertino of Casale and the Minorite Michael of Cesenaare historical figures, though the novel's characterization of them is not always historically accurate.
Eco notes in a companion book that he had to situate the monastery in mountains so it would experience early frosts, in order for the action to take place at a time when the historical Bernard Gui could have been in the area. For the purposes of the plot, Eco needed a quantity of pig blood, but at that time pigs were not usually slaughtered until a frost had arrived. Later in the year, Gui was known to have been away from Italy and could not have participated in the events at the monastery.
Part of the dialogue in the inquisition scene of the novel is lifted bodily from the historical Gui's own Manual for Inquisitors, the Practica Inquisitionis Heretice Pravitatis, for example the dialogue: This is an example given by the historical Gui in his book to warn inquisitors against the slipperiness and manipulation of words by heretics.