What is the doctrine of ethos
The Greeks did not imitate reality, rather their perception of reality in its ideal form . . They found: numerical relationships among pitches, systematic descriptions of the elements of Our modern system of music theory and its vocabulary services largely from Ancient Greek musical thought. What is the "doctrine of ethos?. Doctrine Of Ethos. Music in Ancient Greece ethos. • Thought Virtue was simple, therefore was portrayed by simple music soul for the education of its virtue.”. The Doctrine of Ethos states that music effects character and emotion of man by way just choose the song because they thought it pertained to their current situation. . This relationship that Walton has with his sister is placed on the reader.
Lyres see HWM Figures 1. A crossbar supported by two arms secures the strings.
The number of strings varies. Harps Strings are perpendicular to the soundboard. A neck attached to the soundbox secures the strings. Other instruments from the period include lutes, pipes, drums, bells, and other percussion instruments. The ruling class left the most evidence because they could buy instruments and hire scribes.
Most uses of music in ancient Mesopotamia were similar to those of today.
Greek Doctrine Of Ethos
For rituals, including weddings and funerals In daily life, including nursery songs, work songs, and dance music For entertainment at feasts For religious ceremonies and processions Epics sung with instrumental accompaniment Written documentation from Mesopotamia Word lists from ca.
The earliest known composer is Enheduanna fl. She was a high priestess at Ur. She composed hymns songs to a god to the god and goddess of the moon. Only the texts of her hymns survive. Babylonian musicians began writing about music ca.
Instructions for tuning a string instrument using a seven-note diatonic scale playable on the white keys of a piano Interval theory, with names of intervals used to create the earliest known notation see HWM Figure 1. Not enough is known about the notation to transcribe it.
The poem seems to be a hymn to the wife of the moon god, but the language Hurrian cannot be translated entirely. Although Babylonians had a form of notation, musicians most likely performed from memory, improvised, or used notation as a recipe for reconstructing a melody.
Babylonian music theory seems to have influenced later Greek theory. Other Civilizations Instruments, images, and writings about East Asian musical cultures survive, but they seem not to have influenced Greek or European music.
Egyptian sources include artifacts, paintings, and hieroglyphic writings in tombs, but scholars have not been able to determine whether there is any notated music. The Bible describes ancient musical practices in Israel which in turn influenced Christian musicbut ancient copies of the Bible may not have any notation.
Instruments and Their Uses Evidence of Greek instruments survives in writings, archaeological remains, and hundreds of images on pots.
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Aulos see HWM Figure 1. Pitch could be changed by position in the mouth, air pressure, and fingering. Images show the two pipes being fingered the same, but they could produce octaves, parallel fifths or fourths, drone, and unisons.
The aulos was used in the worship of Dionysus. Dionysus was the god of fertility and wine, hence the drinking scene in HWM Figure 1. The aulos accompanied or alternated with choruses in the great tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides that were written for Dionysian festivals.
The lyre see HWM Figure 1. The player held the instrument in front, supporting it on the hip and from a strap around the left wrist. Both hands were free to touch the strings. The right hand strummed the strings. The fingers of the left hand touched the strings, perhaps to dampen them or to create harmonics. The lyre was associated with Apollo, god of light, prophecy, learning, and the arts especially music and poetry.
Both men and women played the lyre. Learning to play the lyre was a core element of education in Athens. The lyre was used to accompany dancing, singing, weddings, and the recitation of epic poetry such as Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. The lyre was also played for recreation. The kithara was a large lyre. Contests and music festivals became popular after the fifth century B.
An account of a musical competition in B. Famous artists performed for large crowds, gave concert tours, and demanded high fees from wealthy patrons.
Women were excluded from competition but could perform recitals, often to critical acclaim. Other than the virtuoso soloists, the majority of professional performers were slaves or servants. Greek Musical Thought We know about Greek musical thought through two kinds of writings: Philosophical doctrines that describe music's place in the cosmos, its effects, and its proper uses in society Systematic descriptions of the materials of music music theory Music in Greek mythology Gods and demigods were musical practitioners.
Performance of music Music as a performing art was called melos the root of the word melody. Music was monophonic, consisting of one melodic line. There was no concept of harmony or counterpoint. Instruments embellished the melody while a soloist or chorus sang the original version, creating heterophony.
Music and poetry were nearly synonymous. There was no word for artful speech without music. Many Greek words for poetic types are musical terms-e. Music and number Pythagoras and his followers recognized the numerical relationships that underlay musical intervals-e. Harmonia was the concept of an orderly whole divisible by parts. The term applied to the order of the universe.
Therefore, says Aristotle, someone who listens to the wrong kind of music will grow up to be a bad person, and vice-versa. The Ancient, For some composers the "union" of words and music may lay primarily in the search for a "correct rhythmic declamation of the text. The concept of music as a language which, like the spoken word, can exert influence over human thought and actions, gave rise to one of the most profound and significant doctrines of Greek musical thought -- the doctrine of ethos.
With this understanding the Greeks believed that once an artist became aware of music's moral power there was an obligation to exercise that power with a certain moral responsibility. Kay Ethos was based on the dual convictions that music has an effect on moral and ethical behavior and that certain types of music affects people in different ways. The Greeks ascribed certain mythological characteristics to the basic character of music: Apollonian -- music that was considered classic, characterized by its clam, tranquil and uplifting qualities, and Dionysian -- music that was considered romantic, characterized by its excitement and enthusiasm.
The Ancient Greek doctrine of ethos attributed ethical powers to music and claimed that music could affect character. These ideas seem far-fetched or mystical if Greek music and culture are not understood. However, a short study of the nature and use of music in Greek culture reveals the roots of the doctrine of ethos.
Music in Ancient Greece was an integrated art form that permeated society and embodied cultural values.