Athena - Wikipedia
Accordingly, on the 21st of March, , the eve of Passion Sunday, which was the .. Three hundred Spartans stopped, for a moment, the whole army of Xerxes , .. the desire of executing; each revolves in his own circle, and they never meet. the traveller, seeing these mummeries, followed by a tambourine dance, will . Eve-Tambourine. Did the spartan war against Xerxes really happen? Indeed it did! What songs are played in meet the Spartans ?. Meet the Spartans () SoundTracks on IMDb: Memorable quotes and exchanges from movies, TV series and more Tambourine Written by Eve (as Eve Jeffers), Swizz Beatz (as Kaseem Dean) and Sean Garrett Performed by Eve Courtesy . Amazon Affiliates. Amazon Video Watch Movies & TV Online · Prime Video.
Thus there are as many disputes about Abraham as Edition: And of these seventy-five systems there is not one which tells us precisely what this town or village of Haran was, or where it was situated. What thread shall guide us in this labyrinth of conjectures and contradictions from the very first verse to the very last?
The Holy Spirit did not intend to teach us chronology, metaphysics or logic; but only to inspire us with the fear of God. Since we can comprehend nothing, all that we can do is to submit. It is equally difficult to explain satisfactorily how it was that Sarah, the wife of Abraham, was also his sister. Abraham says positively to Abimelech, king of Gerar, who had taken Sarah to himself on account of her great beauty, at the age of ninety, when she was pregnant of Isaac: Calmet, whose judgment and sagacity are known to every one, says that she might be his niece.
Manners change with times and with places. It may be supposed that Abraham, the son of Terah, an idolater, was still an idolater when he married Sarah, whether Sarah was his sister or his niece. There are several Fathers of the Church who do Edition: Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister, that it may be well with me for thy sake. Since she had, twenty-five years afterwards the king of Gerar for a lover, it is not surprising that, when twenty-five years younger, she had kindled some passion in Pharaoh of Egypt.
Indeed, she was taken away by him in the same manner as she was afterwards taken by Abimelech, the king of Gerar, in the desert. But to make the country inhabitable, and to build towns, it must have cost immense labor.
Which song is Xerxes mix meet the Spartans
It was necessary to construct canals for the purpose of draining the waters of the Nile, which overflowed Egypt during four or five months of each year, and stagnated on the soil.
It was also necessary to raise the town at least twenty feet above these canals. Works so considerable seem to have required thousands of ages. There were only about four hundred years between the Deluge and the period at which we fix Edition: The Egyptians must have been very ingenious and indefatigably laborious, since, in so short a time, they invented all the arts and sciences, set bounds to the Nile, and changed the whole face of the country. Probably they had already built some of the great Pyramids, for we see that the art of embalming the dead was in a short time afterwards brought to perfection, and the Pyramids were only the tombs in which the bodies of their princes were deposited with the most august ceremonies.
This opinion of the great antiquity of the Pyramids receives additional countenance from the fact that three hundred years earlier, or but one hundred years after the Hebrew epoch of the Deluge of Noah, the Asiatics had built, in the plain of Sennaar, a tower which was to reach to heaven. Jerome, in his commentary on Isaiah, says that this tower was already four thousand paces high when God came down to stop the progress of the work.
Let us suppose each pace to be two feet and a half. Four thousand paces, then, are ten thousand feet; consequently the tower of Babel was twenty times as high as the Pyramids of Egypt, which are only about five hundred feet.
But what a prodigious quantity of instruments must have been requisite to raise such an edifice! All the arts must have concurred in forwarding the work. Whence commentators conclude that men of those times were incomparably Edition: So much may be remarked with respect to Abraham, as relating to the arts and sciences.
With regard to his person, it is most likely that he was a man of considerable importance. The ancient religion of the magi has, from time immemorial, been called Kish Ibrahim, Milat Ibrahim, and it is agreed that the word Ibrahim is precisely the same as Abraham, nothing being more common among the Asiatics, who rarely wrote the vowels, than to change the i into a, or the a into i in pronunciation.
It has even been asserted that Abraham was the Brahma of the Indians, and that their notions were adopted by the people of the countries near the Euphrates, who traded with India from time immemorial. The Arabs regarded him as the founder of Mecca. Mahomet, in his Koran, always viewed in him the most respectable of his predecessors. In his third sura, or chapter, he speaks of him thus: They were strangers, hated and despised by their neighbors.
They wished, say some, to relieve themselves by passing for descendants of that Abraham who was so much reverenced in a great part of Asia.
The faith which we owe to the sacred books of the Jews removes all these difficulties. For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed forever. And how could God give to them forever that small part of Palestine out of which they have so long been driven? To these difficulties it is replied that the church, substituted for the synagogue, is the true race of Abraham, which is therefore very numerous.
It must be admitted that they do not possess Palestine; but they may one day possess it, as they have already conquered it once, in the first crusade, in the time of Urban II. In a word, when we view the Old Testament with the eyes of faith, as a type of the New, all either is or will be accomplished, and our weak reason must bow in silence. It is said to be inconceivable that a stranger who drove his flocks to graze in the neighborhood of Sodom should, with three hundred and eighteen keepers of sheep and oxen, beat a king of Persia, a king of Pontus, the king of Babylon, and the king of nations, and pursue them to Damascus, which is more than a hundred miles from Sodom.
Yet such a victory is not impossible, for we see other similar instances in those heroic times when the arm of God was not shortened. Think of Gideon, who, with three hundred men, armed with three hundred pitchers and three hundred lamps, defeated a whole army!
Think of Samson, who slew a thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass! Even profane history furnishes like examples. It is true that, with the exception of one man who Edition: These four thousand perished after a long combat. Having been placed in a situation more exposed than that of the three hundred Spartans, they may be said to have acquired more glory in defending it against the Persian army, which cut them all in pieces.
Indeed, on the monument afterwards erected on the field of battle, mention was made of these four thousand victims, whereas none are spoken of now but the three hundred. A still more memorable, though much less celebrated, action was that of fifty Swiss, who, inrouted at Morgarten the whole army of the Archduke Leopold, of Austria, consisting of twenty thousand men.
They destroyed the cavalry by throwing down stones from a high rock; and gave time to fourteen hundred Helvetians to come up and finish the defeat of the army. The Greeks amounted to ten thousand, well armed; and it was impossible that, in a mountainous country, they could have to encounter more than a hundred thousand Persians at once; it is more than probable that there were not thirty thousand Persians engaged.
But here fourteen hundred Swiss defeat an army of twenty thousand men. The diminished proportions of the less to the greater number also increases the proportion of glory. But how far has Abraham led us? These digressions amuse him who makes and sometimes him who reads them. Besides, every one is delighted to see a great army beaten by a little one. Abraham is one of those names which were famous in Asia Minor and Arabia, as Thaut was among the Egyptians, the first Zoroaster in Persia, Hercules in Greece, Orpheus in Thrace, Odin among the northern nations, and so many others, known more by their fame than by any authentic history.
I speak here of profane history only; as for that of the Jews, our masters and our enemies, whom we at once detest and believe, their history having evidently been written by the Holy Ghost, we feel toward it as we ought to feel. We have to do here only with the Arabs. They boast of having descended from Abraham through Ishmael, believing that this patriarch built Mecca and died there.
The fact is, that the race of Ishmael has been infinitely Edition: Both races, it is true, have produced robbers; but the Arabian robbers have been prodigiously superior to the Jewish ones; the descendants of Jacob conquered only a very small country, which they have lost, whereas the descendants of Ishmael conquered parts of Asia, of Europe, and of Africa, established an empire more extensive than that of the Romans, and drove the Jews from their caverns, which they called The Land of Promise.
Judging of things only by the examples to be found in our modern histories, it would be difficult to believe that Abraham had been the father of two nations so widely different. It is hardly likely that this son of a potter should have passed through impracticable deserts and founded the city of Mecca, at the distance of four hundred leagues, under a tropical sun. If he was a conqueror, he doubtless cast his eyes on the fine country of Assyria.
If he was no more than a poor man, he did not found kingdoms abroad. The Book of Genesis relates that he was seventy-five years old when he went out of the land of Haran after the death of his father, Terah the potter; but the same book also tells us that Terah, having begotten Abraham at the age of seventy years, lived to that of two hundred and five; and, afterward, that Edition: Either the author did not know how to dispose his narration, or it is clear from the Book of Genesis itself that Abraham was one hundred and thirty-five years old when he quitted Mesopotamia.
He went from a country which is called idolatrous to another idolatrous country named Sichem, in Palestine. Why did he quit the fruitful banks of the Euphrates for a spot so remote, so barren, and so stony as Sichem?
But God chose that Abraham should go this journey; he chose to show him the land which his descendants were to occupy several ages after him. It is with difficulty that the human understanding comprehends the reasons for such a journey. Scarcely had he arrived in the little mountainous country of Sichem, when famine compelled him to quit it.
He went into Egypt with his wife Sarah, to seek a subsistence. The distance from Sichem to Memphis is two hundred leagues. Is it natural that a man should go so far to ask for corn in a country the language of which he did not understand?
Truly these were strange journeys, undertaken at the age of nearly a hundred and forty years! He brought with him to Memphis his wife, Sarah, who was extremely young, and almost an infant when compared with himself; for she was only sixty-five.
The youthful Sarah was ninety years old when God promised her that, in the course of a year, she should have a child by Abraham, who was then a hundred and sixty. Abraham, who was fond of travelling, went into the horrible desert of Kadesh with his pregnant wife, ever young and ever pretty. A king of this desert was, of course, captivated by Sarah, as the king of Egypt had been.
The father of the faithful told the same lie as in Egypt, making his wife pass for his sister; which brought him more sheep, oxen, men-servants, and maid-servants. It might be said that this Abraham became rich principally by means of his wife.
To these commentaries we must refer the reader; they are all composed by men of nice and acute perceptions, Edition: Several of the learned even assert that he was the same legislator whom the Greeks called Zoroaster. Others say that he was the Brahma of the Indians, which is not demonstrated.
It is probable that they knew the name of Abraham or Ibrahim only through the Babylonians; for the ancient religion of all the countries from the Euphrates to the Oxus was called Kish Ibrahim or Milat Ibrahim.
This is confirmed by all the researches made on the spot by the learned Hyde. The Jews, then, treat their history and ancient Edition: It is a singular instance of human stupidity that we have so long considered the Jews as a nation which taught all others, while their historian Josephus himself confesses the contrary.
It is difficult to penetrate the shades of antiquity; but it is evident that all the kingdoms of Asia were in a very flourishing state before the wandering horde of Arabs, called Jews, had a small spot of earth which they called their own—when they had neither a town, nor laws, nor even a fixed religion.
When, therefore, we see an ancient rite or an ancient opinion established in Egypt or Asia, and also among the Jews, it is very natural to suppose that this small, newly formed, ignorant, stupid people copied, as well as they were able, the ancient, flourishing, and industrious nation. Most certainly triumphant Rome did not in anything imitate Biscay or Cornwall; and he must be either very ignorant or a great knave who would say that the Jews taught anything to the Greeks.
It must not be thought that Abraham was known only to the Jews; on the contrary, he was renowned throughout Asia. This name, which signifies father of a people in more Oriental languages than one, Edition: The pains which the Arabs and the Jews took to establish their descent from this patriarch render it impossible for even the greatest Pyrrhoneans to doubt of there having been an Abraham. The Hebrew Scriptures make him the son of Terah, while the Arabs say that Terah was his grandfather and Azar his father, in which they have been followed by several Christians.
The interpreters are of forty-two different opinions with respect to the year in which Abraham was brought into the world, and I shall not hazard a forty-third. It also appears, by the dates, that Abraham lived sixty years longer than the text allows him; but mistakes in chronology do not destroy the truth of a fact.
Supposing even that the book which speaks of Abraham had not been so sacred as was the law, it is not therefore less certain that Abraham existed. The Jews distinguished books written by inspired men from books composed by particular inspiration. How, indeed, can it be believed that God dictated false dates? It seems that in those times each little horde had its religion, as each family had its own peculiar customs; all were tolerated, and all were peaceably confounded.
Laban, the father-in-law of Jacob, had idols. Each clan was perfectly willing that the neighboring clan should have its gods, and contented itself with believing that its own were the mightiest. It is for theologians to explain, by allegory and mystical sense, how all the nations of the earth were to be blessed in a seed from which they did not descend, since this much-to-be-venerated mystical sense cannot be made the object of a research purely critical.
It is singular that the Hebrews never went into Egypt, except when pressed by hunger; for Jacob afterwards sent his children on the same errand. Abraham, who was then very old, went this journey with his wife Sarah, aged sixty-five: Human nature must at that time have possessed a vigor which time and luxury have since very much weakened.
This was the opinion of all the ancients; it has been asserted that Helen was seventy when she was carried off by Paris.
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That which Abraham had foreseen came to pass; the Egyptian youth found his wife charming, notwithstanding her sixty-five years; the king himself fell in love with her, and placed her in his seraglio, though, probably, he had younger women there; but the Lord plagued the king and his seraglio with very great sores. The singularity of these adventures was probably the reason why the Jews had not the same sort of faith in their histories as they had in their Leviticus.
Their conduct in regard to their ancient books may be compared to that of the English, who received the laws of St. Edward without absolutely believing that St. Therefore the historian Josephus, though strongly attached to his form of worship, leaves his readers at liberty to believe just so much as they choose of the ancient prodigies which he relates.
For the same reason the Sadducees were permitted not to believe in the angels, although the angels are so often spoken of in the Old Testament; but these same Sadducees were not permitted to neglect the prescribed feasts, fasts, and ceremonies. It is not necessary for a law to be divine, that it should be the most ancient of all. God is undoubtedly the master of time. It would, it is true, seem more conformable to the faint light Edition: God, who frequently appeared to and made several treaties with him, one day sent three angels to him in the valley of Mamre.
The patriarch gave them bread, veal, butter, and milk to eat. The three spirits dined, and after dinner they sent for Sarah, who had baked the bread. One of the angels, whom the text calls the Lord, the Eternal, promised Sarah that, in the course of a year, she should have a son. Sarah, who was then ninety-four, while her husband was nearly a hundred, laughed at the promise—a proof that Sarah confessed her decrepitude—a proof that, according to the Scripture itself, human nature was not then very different from what it is now.
Nevertheless, the following year, as we have already seen, this aged woman, after becoming pregnant, captivated King Abimelech. Plouton's most common attribute is a sceptrebut he also often holds a full or overflowing cornucopia; Hades sometimes holds a horn, but it is depicted with no contents and should be understood as a drinking horn.
Unlike Plouton, Hades never holds agrarian attributes such as stalks of grain. His chest is usually bare or only partly covered, whereas Plouton is fully robed exceptions, however, are admitted by the author. Plouton stands, often in the company of both Demeter and Kore, or sometimes one of the goddesses, but Hades almost always sits or reclines, usually with Persephone facing him.
In the hymn, the keys are connected to his capacity for giving wealth to humanity, specifically the agricultural wealth of "the year's fruits. Numerous deities are depicted, with one panel grouping Dionysus, Persephone, the nymphs and Pluto.
Pluto holds a key because "they say that what is called Hades has been locked up by Pluto, and that nobody will return back again therefrom. For extracting stings and thornsxiphion was mixed with wine and frankincense to make a cataplasm. The plant was also used as an aphrodisiac  and contraceptive.
In an obscure passage, Cornutus seems to connect Pluto's wearing of phasganion to an etymology for Avernuswhich he derives from the word for "air," perhaps through some association with the color glaukos, "bluish grey," "greenish" or "sea-colored," which might describe the plant's leaves. Because the color could describe the sky, Cornutus regularly gives it divine connotations. Ambiguity of color is characteristic of Pluto. Although both he and his realm are regularly described as dark, black, or gloomy, the god himself is sometimes seen as pale or having a pallor.
Martianus Capella 5th century describes him as both "growing pale in shadow, a fugitive from light" and actively "shedding darkness in the gloom of Tartarean night," crowned with a wreath made of ebony as suitable for the kingdom he governs.
The name, meaning "unmoistened" Greek adiantonwas taken in antiquity to refer to the fern's ability to repel water. The plant, which grew in wet places, was also called capillus veneris"hair of Venus," divinely dry when she emerged from the sea.
Riddle has suggested that the adianthus was one of the ferns Dioscorides called asplenon and prescribed as a contraceptive atokios.
In Orphic funeral rites, it was forbidden to make coffins of cypress. After the long span of her life came to its end, he memorialized their love by creating a white tree in the Elysian Fields. This version of the theogony for the most part follows Hesiod see abovebut adds that the three brothers were each given a gift by the Cyclopes to use in their battle against the Titans: Later authors such as Rabelais 16th century do attribute the helmet to Pluto.
Francis Bacon notes the proverbial usage: It may also represent one of the three types of lightning wielded by Jupiterthe Roman counterpart of Zeus, and the Etruscan Tinia. The later notion that the ruler of the underworld wielded a trident or bident can perhaps be traced to a line in Seneca 's Hercules Furens "Hercules Enraged"in which Father Dis, the Roman counterpart of Pluto, uses a three-pronged spear to drive off Hercules as he attempts to invade the underworld.
Seneca calls Dis the "Infernal Jove"  or the "dire Jove"  the Jove who gives dire or ill omens, diraejust as in the Greek tradition, Plouton is sometimes identified as a "chthonic Zeus.
In an influential ceiling mural depicting the wedding of Cupid and Psychepainted by Raphael 's workshop for the Villa Farnesina inPluto is shown holding the bident, with Cerberus at his side, while Neptune holds the trident. The play depicts a mock descent to the underworld by the god Dionysus to bring back one of the dead tragic playwrights in the hope of restoring Athenian theater to its former glory.
Pluto is a silent presence onstage for about lines presiding over a contest among the tragedians, then announces that the winner has the privilege of returning to the upper world. And where do you think Pluto gets his name [i. How much better are things below than what Zeus possesses! Because the name Hades is taken to mean "the invisible", people fear what they cannot see; although they are in error about the nature of this deity's power, Socrates says, "the office and name of the God really correspond": He is the perfect and accomplished Sophistand the great benefactor of the inhabitants of the other world; and even to us who are upon earth he sends from below exceeding blessings.
For he has much more than he wants down there; wherefore he is called Pluto or the rich. Movie rentals are not yet available in all countries but it is available in the United States, Mexico, there is a weekly promotion in which one to three songs are available to download for free to logged-in users 7. Single music — In music, a single or record single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record.
This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats, in most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular, in other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album.
As digital downloading and audio streaming have become prevalent, it is often possible for every track on an album to also be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a heavily promoted or more popular song within an album collection. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks on them. The biggest digital music distributor, iTunes, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as well as popular music player Spotify also following in this trend.
Any more than three tracks on a release or longer than thirty minutes in total running time is either an Extended Play or if over six tracks long. The basic specifications of the single were made in the late 19th century. Gramophone discs were manufactured with a range of speeds and in several sizes. By abouthowever, the inch,78 rpm shellac disc had become the most commonly used format, the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century.
With these factors applied to the inch format, songwriters and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium, the breakthrough came with Bob Dylans Like a Rolling Stone. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, inch, other, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc. Some artist release singles on records, a more common in musical subcultures. The most common form of the single is the 45 or 7-inch.
The names are derived from its speed,45 rpm. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable, the first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early s 8. Gossip Girl — Gossip Girl is an American teen drama television series based on the book series of the same name written by Cecily von Ziegesar.
Narrated by the omniscient blogger Gossip Girl, voiced by Kristen Bell, the series begins with the return of Upper East Side teenage it girl Serena van der Woodsen from a mysterious absence.
Gossip Girl reveals that Serena has been away at boarding school in Cornwall, Connecticut, Blair Waldorf, whom creators describe as being the queen at the center of their chess game, is the queen bee of Constance Saint Jude prep schools social scene.
She also happens to be the childhood best friend and occasional rival of Serena van der Woodsen, other characters of the turbulent Manhattan scene, Vanessa Abrams, Dans childhood best friend. He is Dan and Jennys father and primary guardian, dorota is Blairs primary housekeeper since her youth.
• Meet the Spartans () Soundtrack OST •
Bart Bass is a rude and wealthy man on the upper east side. The success of Gossip Girl led to adaptations outside the United States, the show has received numerous award nominations, winning 18 Teen Choice Awards. The CW officially renewed Gossip Girl for a sixth and final season on May 11, the final season, consisting of 10 episodes, premiered on October 8, and ended on December 17, When the film project did not get off the ground, Stephanie Savage, as of OctoberSchwartz was working on the pilot.
He said, I was very skeptical, I dont want to do The O. But I thought the books were smart, the characters are worldly in a way that Orange County kids arent. The characteristics for each character in the pilot were based on the first Gossip Girl book, in Januarythe show was given the green light by The CW. Joshua Safran, who started as a producer before becoming co-executive producer, was later added as an executive producer. On April 24, it was announced that he would leave the show at the end of the season to be the new showrunner of NBCs now-cancelled musical series Smash.
To fill in Safrans void, co-executive producer Sara Goodman was promoted to producer for the sixth season. Alexandra Patsavas who worked with Schwartz on The O. Creedence Clearwater Revival had hits with both A-side and B-side releases, others took the opposite approach, producer Phil Spector was in the habit of filling B-sides with on-the-spot instrumentals that no one would confuse with the A-side. With this practice, Spector was assured that airplay was focused on the side he wanted to be the hit side, the earliest inch,78 rpm, shellac records were single sided.
Double-sided recordings, with one song on side, were introduced in Europe by Columbia Records. There were no record charts until the s, and radio stations did not play recorded music until the s, in this time, A-sides and B-sides existed, but neither side was considered more important, the side did not convey anything about the content of the record. The term single came into use with the advent of vinyl records in the early s. At first, most record labels would randomly assign which song would be an A-side, under this random system, many artists had so-called double-sided hits, where both songs on a record made one of the national sales charts, or would be featured on jukeboxes in public places.
As time wore on, however, the convention for assigning songs to sides of the record changed. By the early sixties, the song on the A-side was the song that the company wanted radio stations to play. It was not untilfor instance, that the production of albums on a unit basis finally surpassed that of singles in the United Kingdom. In the late s stereo versions of pop and rock songs began to appear on 45s.
The majority of the 45s were played on AM radio stations, by the early s, double-sided hits had become rare. However, the term B-side is still used to refer to the tracks or coupling tracks on a CD single. With the advent of downloading music via the Internet, sales of CD singles and other media have declined. B-side songs may be released on the record as a single to provide extra value for money. There are several types of material released in this way, including a different version, or, in a concept record Born and raised in The Bronx, he began his career as a disc jockey and has since added rapper, producer, record executive, creative director and fashion designer.
He went on to multiple artists to the label, including Eve and Bone Thugs-n-Harmony. Dean also went on to two albums under the label, the first was a compilation, titled Swizz Beatz Presents G.
Stories, released inin conjunction with DreamWorks Records and he later released his debut studio album, One Man Band Man, in Swizz Beatz has produced hit singles for several prominent artists throughout various music genres, such as hip hop, pop, soul. Fellow American rapper and music producer Kanye West has also praised Dean, Dean is married to American singer Alicia Keys, with whom he has two children. Due to his parents separation in his life, Dean did not see much of his father.
He spent much of his childhood raised by his mother in the North East Bronx, after obtaining the necessary equipment from his stepfather and uncles, he began deejaying as a teenager and enjoyed a modicum of success. In his early work, he chose not to sample, instead using the Korg Trinity and Triton keyboards.