Hatshepsut - Wikipedia
This week's entry: Hatshepsut. What it's about: Before Cleopatra reigned at the end of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, Egypt had only a handful of. It depicts Hatshepsut, the second female pharaoh in Egypt's history. Do you notice anything special about her? Perhaps her heavy, resplendent. Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She was the second .. American humorist Will Cuppy wrote an essay on Hatshepsut which was published after his death in the book The Decline and Fall of Practically.
When Hatshepsut died, she was buried with full honors befitting a pharaoh, next to her dad, Thutmose I.
She sort of disappeared. Over the centuries, Deir el-Bahri was covered up — it was a ruin when archaeologists arrived in the 19th century. But long term excavations revealed the majestic temple structure, monumental statues and glowing reliefs.
As pharaoh, descended from the gods, here she is associated with Osiris, lord of the underworld. In the chapel of Anubis, on a painted relief Hatshepsut is shown wearing the pharaoh headdress and kilt, and making offerings to the sun god with a falcon head.
Thou art the King, taking possession of the Two Lands. The archaeologists discovered these were all statues of Hatshepsut, smashed to bits eons ago.
In every statue, Hatshepsut is portrayed with the symbols of a pharaoh — crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, protective cobra uraeus on her forehead, false beard on her chin, striped nemes or soft khat headdress, male kilt, her skin painted red. She is also shown in different poses — kneeling with offerings or gifts to the god Amon, standing quietly with her hands in devotion, as a sphinx with her face and a lion mane.
In the museum, Hatshepsut statues are room Next door, roomsee Hatshepsut scarabs, room has more goodies from the 18th dynasty, including gold sandals and jewelry, similar to things Hatshepsut might have worn. The large Hatshepsut sphinx head at top of the post is located next to the Temple of Dendur, room Extraordinary true story of Hatshepsut, from the day of her birth through her reign as pharaoh — she launched trading expeditions, piled up wealth and treasures, and rule Egypt for over 20 years.
Plus info about ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses, feasts and festivals, tombs and palaces, daily life. Excellent illustrations of Hatshepsut artifacts and Deir el-Bahri.
Several of those wives succeeded. One of them, Mutnofret, gave birth to a boy named Thutmose II.
Books about Hatshepsut (18 books)
We told you it was like Game of Thrones. So what was the best way for Thutmose II to secure the throne? Marry his sister, of course. Thutmose I died when Hatshepsut was basically still a preteen, so she became queen of Egypt at a very young age.Hatshepsut: Secrets of Egypt's Lost Queen
Thutmose II needed a whole lot of help leading Egypt, and, lucky for him, Hatshepsut was more than capable. There are some complicated succession and power laws that come into play here, but the TL;DR of it is that Thutmose II also died pretty young, leaving behind an infant son named Thutmose III who became pharaoh. After a handful of years playing along with tradition, Hatshepsut decided to take a more drastic step.
Her stepson, Thutmose III, was still a literal child and she was doing a pretty bang-up job as regent. Rather than continue to play second fiddle to kid, Hatshepsut declared herself pharaoh.
Check out those people, for scale.
Hatshepsut, The Queen Who Became Pharaoh
When Hatshepsut declared herself pharaoh, she knew she had a lot of work to do. And not just the work of running the kingdom of ancient Egypt, which was, you know, a pretty big job, but also the work of convincing people that she deserved to rule.
Hatshepsut launched a large-scale propaganda campaign to position herself as pharaoh. In addition to talking herself up, Hatshepsut used art to solidify her role. She ordered that she be portrayed as a male pharaoh, complete with the long beard and hefty pecs that true male pharaohs sported in their imagery. While she also wore traditional female clothing in some images, most surviving art of Hatshepsut shows her as a male.
Besides working on her public appearance, Hatshepsut spent her time ruling Egypt really damn well. Here are a few of her biggest accomplishments: Later pharaohs even tried to claim her work as their own.