February 8. Carson, Fremont, Franklin, Smith Quad Meet (MS), Mesa, AZ, Red Mountain Park John Collignon Invitational (HS), Madison, SD, Madison Country Club . Camels Back Classic (HS), Boise, ID, Camelsback Park Westford Glen Cross-Country Middle School Run (MS), Westford, VT, Westford School. May 5, captain for Company 1 in , a position he held until his Special Town Meeting: Minutes October 20, .. John Cunningham Westford again adopted Chapter of the Acts of , allowing the . Arthur Smith. Sep 30, Captain John Smith, a commoner, bungled his. Ambitious for advancement back in England, he knew the charge of miscegenation could be.
His account says he made his way alone to the Patawomeck, but Smith, who spoke with Pocahontas years later, said she had helped Spelman get to safety. How an adult Pocahontas may have looked.
Unknown British Museum The years would be important ones for Pocahontas. Pocahontas, who was about fourteen, had reached adulthood and marriageable age. She began to dress like a Powhatan woman, wearing a deerskin apron and a leather mantle in winter, since she was of high status. She might also wear one-shouldered fringed deerskin dresses when encountering visitors.
Pocahontas started decorating her skin with tattoos. When she traveled in the woods, she would have worn leggings and a breechclout to protect against scratches, as they could become easily infected. She would have also grown her hair out and worn it in a variety of ways: InPocahontas married Kocoum, whom Englishman William Strachey described as a "private captain.
The fact that he was not a chief, and thus not high in status, suggests that Pocahontas may have married for love. Kocoum may have been a member of the Patawomeck tribe. He also might have been a member of her father Powhatan's bodyguards. Pocahontas remained close to her father and continued to be his favorite daughter after her marriage, as the English accounts imply.
Although Pocahontas was the favorite daughter of the paramount chief, she still had the freedom to choose whom she married, as did other women in Powhatan society. For the next several years, Pocahontas was not mentioned in the English accounts. Inthat changed when Captain Samuel Argall discovered she was living with the Patawomeck. Argall knew relations between the English and the Powhatan Indians were still poor. Capturing Pocahontas could give him the leverage he needed to change that.
Argall met with Iopassus, chief of the town of Passapatanzy and brother to the Patawomeck tribe's chief, to help him kidnap Pocahontas. At first, the chief declined, knowing Powhatan would punish the Patawomeck people.
Ultimately, the Patawomeck decided to cooperate with Argall; they could tell Powhatan they acted under coercion. The trap was set. Pocahontas accompanied Iopassus and his wife to see Captain Argall's English ship. Iopassus' wife then pretended to want to go aboard, a request her husband would grant only if Pocahontas would accompany her. Pocahontas refused at first, sensing something was not right, but finally agreed when Iopassus' wife resorted to tears. After eating, Pocahontas was taken to the gunner's room to spend the night.
In the morning, when the three visitors were ready to disembark, Argall refused to allow Pocahontas to leave the ship. Iopassus and his wife seemed surprised; Argall declared Pocahontas was being held as ransom for the return of stolen weapons and English prisoners held by her father.
Iopassus and his wife left, with a small copper kettle and some other trinkets as a reward for their part in making Pocahontas an English prisoner.
After her capture, Pocahontas was brought to Jamestown. Eventually, she was probably taken to Henrico, a small English settlement near present-day Richmond. Powhatan, informed of his daughter's capture and ransom cost, agreed to many of the English demands immediately, to open negotiations. In the meantime, Pocahontas was put under the charge of Reverend Alexander Whitaker, who lived at Henrico.
She learned the English language, religion and customs. While not all was strange to Pocahontas, it was vastly different than the Powhatan world. During her religious instruction, Pocahontas met widower John Rolfe, who would become famous for introducing the cash crop tobacco to the settlers in Virginia.
By all English accounts, the two fell in love and wanted to marry. Perhaps, once Pocahontas was kidnapped, Kocoum, her first husband, realized divorce was inevitable there was a form of divorce in Powhatan society. Once Powhatan was sent word that Pocahontas and Rolfe wanted to marry, his people would have considered Pocahontas and Kocoum divorced. Powhatan consented to the proposed marriage and sent an uncle of Pocahontas' to represent him and her people at the wedding.
InPocahontas converted to Christianity and was baptized "Rebecca. The marriage led to the "Peace of Pocahontas;" a lull in the inevitable conflicts between the English and Powhatan Indians. The Rolfes soon had a son named Thomas. The Virginia Company of London, who had funded the settling of Jamestown, decided to make use of the favorite daughter of the great Powhatan to their advantage. They thought, as a Christian convert married to an Englishman, Pocahontas could encourage interest in Virginia and the company.
Only image of Pocahontas done from life. Pocahontas, known as "Lady Rebecca Rolfe," was also accompanied by about a dozen Powhatan men and women. Once in England, the party toured the country.
Smith had not forgotten about Pocahontas and had even written a letter to Queen Anne describing all she had done to help the English in Jamestown's early years.
Pocahontas had been in England for months, though, before Smith visited her. He wrote that she was so overcome with emotion that she could not speak and turned away from him. Upon gaining her composure, Pocahontas reprimanded Smith for the manner in which he had treated her father and her people. She reminded him how Powhatan had welcomed him as a son, how Smith had called him "father.
She said the settlers had reported Smith had died after his accident, but that Powhatan had suspected otherwise as "your countrymen will lie much. After traveling down the Thames River, Pocahontas, seriously ill, had to be taken ashore.
In the town of Gravesend, Pocahontas died of an unspecified illness. Many historians believe she suffered from an upper respiratory ailment, such as pneumonia, while others think she could have died from some form of dysentery.
Pocahontas, about twenty-one, was buried at St. George's Church on March 21, John Rolfe returned to Virginia, but left the young ailing Thomas with relatives in England. Within a year, Powhatan died. The "Peace of Pocahontas" began to slowly unravel. Life for her people would never be the same. The Other Side of History by Dr.
Daniel "Silver Star," based on the sacred oral history of the Mattaponi tribe, offers some further, and sometimes very different, insights into the real Pocahontas. Pocahontas was the last child of Wahunsenaca Chief Powhatan and his first wife Pocahontas, his wife of choice and of love. Pocahontas' mother died during childbirth. Their daughter was given the name Matoaka which meant "flower between two streams.
Wahunsenaca was devastated by the loss of his wife, but found joy in his daughter. He often called her Pocahontas, which meant "laughing and joyous one," since she reminded him of his beloved wife. There was no question that she was his favorite and that the two had a special bond. Even so, Wahunsenaca thought it best to send her to be raised in the Mattaponi village rather than at his capital of Werowocomoco.
She was raised by her aunts and cousins, who took care of her as if she were their own.
Once Pocahontas was weaned, she returned to live with her father at Werowocomoco. Wahunsenaca had other children with Pocahontas' mother as well as with his alliance wives, but Pocahontas held a special place in her father's heart. Pocahontas held a special love and respect for her father as well. All of the actions of Pocahontas or her father were motivated by their deep love for each other, their deep and strong bond.
The love and bond between them never wavered. Most of her older siblings were grown, as Wahunsenaca fathered Pocahontas later in his life. Many of her brothers and sisters held prominent positions within Powhatan society.
Her family was very protective of her and saw to it that she was well looked after. As a child, Pocahontas' life was very different than as an adult. The distinction between childhood and adulthood was visible through physical appearance as well as through behavior. Pocahontas would not have cut her hair or worn clothing until she came of age in winter she wore a covering to protect against the cold. There were also certain ceremonies she was not allowed to participate in or even witness.
Even as a child, the cultural standards of Powhatan society applied to her, and in fact, as the daughter of the paramount chief, more responsibility and discipline were expected of her. Pocahontas also received more supervision and training; as Wahunsenaca's favorite daughter she probably had even more security, as well.
When the English arrived, the Powhatan people welcomed them. They desired to become friends and trade with the settlers. Each tribe within the Powhatan Chiefdom had quiakros priestswho were spiritual leaders, political advisors, medical doctors, historians and enforcers of Powhatan behavioral norms. The quiakros advised containing the English and making them allies to the Powhatan people. Wahunsenaca agreed with the quiakros.
During the winter of the friendship was solidified. As the music committee is trying this year to familiarize members with music by American composers this opportunity to become acquainted with the basis for many of their compositions is very welcome.
Guests may be brought upon payment of the usual fee. A second son was born late in February to Mr. Morin at their home in Ontario, Cal. Joseph Morin, and aunt, Miss Mary Morin, of Westford, who are now in California, write pleasant letters home and expect to return later in the season. It is good news that the J. Twenty years ago, when the library was built, the system of lighting then installed seemed satisfactory, in fact at the time was the best method, but it has proved a good [deal] of trouble to maintain and many times inadequate, and now that electric lighting is available no doubt will prove much more attractive, especially for the librarian and in the reading-room.
Wright and baby, of Lowell, have been spending three weeks at Mr. The Misses Atwood, who have been spending a very pleasant winter in Jacksonville, Fla. Patrick, birthday and novelty cards. Fletcher, and inspection of them, especially the Easter Cards, which go on sale Monday, March 15, will be worth while. Nesmith, forest fire warden, has revoked all permits for burning brush and will not grant any further permits at present.
Pocahontas: Her Life and Legend
Three fires that got beyond control and called out all available help on Thursday of last week helped make this decision. One was at Brookside, one on land of Miss Ella F. Hildreth and one on land of J. This last especially proved pretty threatening, getting within a very short distance of the Abbot barn, and if this had got on fire with the high wind blowing at the time a serious conflagration might have been the result. The quick, hard work of the firemen and getting a line of hose at work from the nearest hydrant just in time was what averted any such possibility.
Once again did a public water supply justify itself. Several interested autoists have been in attendance at the Boston auto show this week. Wright has recovered from his recent sickness and resumed duties on his R. The whist party and entertainment on Friday evening of last week at the Unitarian church proved most enjoyable, calling out a large number of people. The entertainment consisted of solos by Mrs.
Both proved good entertainers and their selections were well received. Miss Julia Fletcher presided at the piano. Refreshments of cake and coffee were served. Henry Fletcher had the affair in charge.
The Westford Wardsman, March – The Westford Historical Society & Museum
Some things noted in a forty-mile auto ride last Sunday through several towns were roads all settled except in a few shaded places, many automobiles, motorcycles and pedestrians out, evidently for pleasure, all of which goes to prove that for the first Sunday in March the season is remarkably early. Fires still continue to burn, aided by the weather as an accessory. On Wednesday afternoon of last week thirty-five acres of woodland and several cords of wood perished by the fire on land of Almon S.
The origin of the fire is thought to be chargeable up to stock of the Boston and Maine railroad. On last week Thursday evening a grass fire burned over about fifteen acres of land of William C. Edwards, at one time a part of the Levi T.
Fletcher farm, close to the Chelmsford town line, near Brookside. The funeral of Mrs. The choir rendered the Gregorian chant. Miss Gertrude Quigley presided at the organ. A delegation was present from Stony Brook Circle, F. Burial was in St. The next meeting of the Grange, Thursday evening, March 18, will be observed as the twentieth anniversary and is in charge of the past masters.
The speaker of the evening will be E. Chapman, Master of the State Grange. In addition the masters of Granges of adjoining towns have been invited.
Supper will be served. Boynton was a visitor in town last week and remarked how nicely his peas looked that were planted on the south side of a south wall twenty-five miles south of Westford. Middlesex-North Pomona Grange held one of its most successful meetings last week Friday.
Prescott, of Hampton, N. He will be remembered by many as a former minister of the Unitarian church in Littleton. Kenney has arrived in town as the manager at the Read farm. Henry Colburn was well attended. The usual business was transacted and an account given of the money which was to be sent to help in the Frances Willard Home Settlement in Boston. The next meeting will be at the home of Mrs. Quincy Day, when a quilt will be tied to be sent to Llewsac lodge in Bedford. On last Sunday the services at St.
Eaton, a retired clergyman of the Episcopal church, who resides in Boston.
Holy communion will be administered on Sunday, March 14, at the usual hour. Fred Morse, of Rochester, N. Pyne, Pine Ridge, recently. The Murray family were former members of that church for many years. A number of the members of the choir of St. John Suter, of St. Miss Rose Peabody of Groton, gave a most interesting lecture on the manners and customs of the people of Japan in Recreation hall last Thursday evening.
A large audience was present and all were well pleased with the hour spent following Miss Peabody on her recent trip to Japan. Frank Collins entertained twenty of their friends at whist on last Saturday evening. Ice cream and cake were served during the evening. Henry Catchpole, who has been confined to his home for some time with pneumonia, is able to go out-of-doors. Several from here enjoyed the free organ recital in Lowell last Saturday at the Universalist church.
Cameron school closes Friday afternoon for the annual spring vacation. Miss Letitia [Ward] is still confined to her home by illness. Miss Ward, who is a favorite among the children, is very much missed.
Chester Blodgett of Groton road, entertained Mrs. Burnett and her son, Leonard, on Tuesday. Word has been received here of the death of Joseph Lamie, a former resident of Graniteville, who was killed by being struck by a train in West Fitchburg on last week Friday night while going to his work at the paper mill in the above-named place.
Young Lamie was very well-known here and beloved by all who knew him. He was twenty-two years old and unmarried. A brother, Arthur Lamie, resides in this village.
The deepest sympathy is expressed to the bereaved family in their affliction. Both masses in St. Catherine's church last Sunday morning were celebrated by Rev. Mitchell, who delivered eloquent sermons at both masses. The usual Lenten devotions were held in the church on Friday night and there was a large congregation present.
Miss Lila Woodhouse of Andover, who was formerly on the office staff of the C. Maria Wall has been a recent guest of Mr. Greig at the Fairview farm in Westford, where she was very pleasantly entertained during her short stay at the congenial home of the Greig family. The home of Mr. Wall is again under quarantine, baby Cecilia being ill with scarlet fever.
The members of Cameron Circle C. Considerable business of importance was transacted and several applications for membership received. Charles McLenna, of Norton has been a recent visitor here. Many people from this village attended the automobile show in Boston this week. The upstream boys are expected down here some night in the near future. James Pronco, of Westford, was found guilty of assault and battery last Saturday morning and was taxed the amount of the prosecution amounting to twelve dollars.
Saturday, March 20, Center. The teachers and pupils at the Wm. Frost school are having this last week and next for the spring vacation. At the academy the teachers and pupils have this next week. Wheeler has been getting about this past week on crutches, having his left foot in splints on account of having broken one of the smaller bones. Fletcher has had to have his head bandaged on account of inflammation in one eye. David Wallace has been among the shut-ins this week with a severe cold.
Hartford has recently spent several days at the home of her brother, Frank P. Hawkes, in Melrose, called there on account of the death of a relative in the family. Isles pleasant voice at the telephone exchange has been missed this last week, she having been sick and under the care of doctor and nurse with laryngitis, but is now reported as improving. Baker, who has been spending several days in town, was the speaker at the evening service at the Congregational church last Sunday evening.
On Tuesday he returned to his home in Andover, N. Bright, in this village since the death of her mother. Baker has married again and while deeply appreciating the devoted care given to his children by their Westford relatives, feels now that he wants his family all together.
Bright, who has been confined to his bed for several weeks with a serious fracture of his right leg, passed his seventy-fourth birthday anniversary this last week.
He was the pleased recipient of an interesting group of postal cards numbering just one hundred and twenty-five and coming largely from his former home in South Royalston, Vt. Bright is reported as resting comfortably. These names are more or less corrupted from the original Algonquin forms. One juror was drawn for the criminal term of the superior court sitting in Lowell March 8. Three other men were drawn on account of a murder trial before the same court March Of these Edwin H. Gould and Andrew Johnson were challenged by the government and Charles D.
Colburn by the defense, so no Westford man is at this term of court, unless more are drawn on account of another murder case, a Groton case, which is expected to be tried before the same court. The regular monthly social for March at the Congregational church was most successful, taking place last week Friday, beginning at half-past two in the afternoon and lasting until late in the evening.
The ladies were invited to come in the afternoon to an old-fashioned quilting party and to dress in old-fashioned costumes. This they did and it was a quaint and merry group that gathered around the quilting frame. During the afternoon appropriate solos were sung by Mrs.
Blaney and readings by Mrs. Wright and later many old favorites were sung by all present. The varied costumes needed to be seen to be appreciated and the three parts of the entertainment were full of funny situations. The first act was the selection of a teacher by the school committee, said committee consisting of Mr.
Among the various applicants Fred Blodgett was selected and he carried out the part both in make-up and manner most successfully. The second part was the first day of school and the third one the closing day of school and some remarkable stunts were given. Cutter, was one of the recitations. Wright as the school dunce, David L. Greig as the boy who stuttered and Miss Grant as the sentimental young lady with an eye for the young schoolmaster, were particularly good. The remainder of the cast with their remarkable names were Miss Crocker, Mrs.
Sutherland, Alice and Frances Wright, A. Fletcher, Charles Blodgett, L. The quilting party, supper and entertainment were in charge of Mrs. Twenty-five dollars was cleared for the church treasury. Roudenbush and Miss Young.
Frost also contributed two narratives written by her and published in the Journal of American Folk Lore. The musical part of the program was most enjoyable and consisted of quartet, duet and solo selections by Mrs. The next meeting of the club, March 30, will be at the Congregational church and Mrs. Fire started Saturday night on the grassland of George C. Taylor, located between the Stony Brook railway and the Stony Brook waterway, one-half mile west of Brookside.
It burned swift and hard until it reached the Stony Brook; at this point for lack of combustibility it went out of business. Burbeck of Lowell, well and favorably known to the citizens of Westford and a native of the town. David Ohlsen was teacher.
Besides the regular A. West Chelmsford Grange held a well-attended meeting Thursday evening of last week when the following question was discussed: Cole spoke for the affirmative and Samuel Naylor and James Peck were negative in opinion. Charles Byard, James Peck and Mrs.
Donnelly was piano soloist of the evening. Several proposals for membership were received. The next meeting will be held next Thursday evening. Harfit family have moved from the John H. Decatur [54 Lowell Rd. Tuesday forenoon a grass fire started on land of Amos Polley, a passing freight train sounding the fire alarm whistle, which brought railroad track men and some farmers from whom it received a serious beating, and being flanked south by Stony Brook, it got an outing.
The sympathy of the community is extended to the bereaved wife and family of the late George McCarthy of Graniteville, who died Sunday at his home. Arthur Parrott is building a large barn for Joseph Leclerc in the rear of his provision store in Central street. Fisher, pastor of St.Pocahontas (1995) - Pocahontas meets John Smith [HD]
The chapel was packed to its utmost capacity, many of Mr. Fisher preached a very effective sermon. Connell, died last week from an abscess on the lung.
The animal took first prize at the Middlesex North fair. The sympathy of the village is extended to the bereaved family of Miss [Clara] Mabel York of Graniteville, who died Monday. Ford conducted the services at St. He announced that Bishop Samuel Babcock will administer confirmation at St. No Lenten services will be held at this mission this week.
Cameron school closed Friday afternoon for the annual spring vacation of two weeks. A large number from here attended the concert held in North Chelmsford on St. Brooks, who has been working in the south for the past few weeks, has been spending the past few days with his family here. Michael Driscoll, of Lynn, has been a recent visitor here. A small chimney fire caused considerable excitement at the Mrs.
Rachel Reed block in West Graniteville last Saturday night, but a couple of the local firemen with chemicals soon put the fire out with very little damage. McCarthy, a well-known and highly respected young man of this village, died at Pocahontas's father and chief of the Powhatans. He refuses to travel to England, so Pocahontas goes in his stead.
Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World - Wikipedia
Frank Welker as Flit: Pocahontas's hummingbird friend, now warmer towards strangers than before. Linda Hunt as Grandmother Willow: She advises Pocahontas to go to England for peace.
Danny Mann as Percy: Pocahontas's best friend, now married to a Powhatan who somewhat resembles Kocoum. Jim Cummings as King James: While well-meaning, he is portrayed as a simple-minded buffoon who is very easily manipulated by Ratcliffe. Finola Hughes as Queen Anne: James's wife, somewhat more intelligent and open than her husband. Jean Stapleton as Mrs. John Rolfe's well-meaning housemaid. Brad Garrett as Uttamatomakkin: Pocahontas's bodyguard, sent by Powhatan to watch over her.
His nickname is "Uti".