Adapting practices to meet individual needs by Dean Parsons on Prezi
at different developmental levels but individual- izes for the unique interests, strengths and per- sonalities of the be extended to meet the needs of all children. That means adapting and customizing aspects of your activities and in any combination to best meet the needs of your individual learners. Good coaches adapt and modify aspects of their coaching and create an environment that caters for individual needs and allows everyone to.
Making Adaptations to Include Children with Special Needs Each child is different, and each delay or disability will require different modifications. Child care providers should gather as much information as you can about the child and the disability, and learn about typical modifications that can be made.
The child's parents and professionals who work with the child can be a tremendous resource. Many of the adaptations that you make to your child care program will be simple.
Often, the modifications will also benefit the other children in your child care program. Parents, consultants, and caregivers need to set goals together. Ask to be a part of the team that develops and tracks the child's Individualized Education Plan IEP so you can discuss activities, exercises, and supports needed to reach goals.
Goals should be simple and should match the abilities of the child. Always discuss your ideas and plans with the family. Modify toys and equipment. Simple changes often can be made to regular toys. For example, you can help a child who has difficulty with stacking rings by simply removing every other ring.Best Practices in Project Management: Coping with Conflict
For a child who has difficulty holding a bottle, cover the bottle with a cloth sock so little hands can grasp it better. Make small changes in your child care environment. Slight adjustments in your child care environment may make the time that a child with special needs spends with you easier and more enjoyable for everyone.
A quiet, private space for play may help an overactive child.
A child with poor vision may benefit from an extra lamp in the play area. Removing a rug that slips will help a child who has trouble walking. That means adapting and customizing aspects of your activities and lessons—and offering multiple ways for students to learn and show what they know. Try these in your classroom, and let us know which adaptations have worked best for your students!
Keep an eye on what types of arrangements different learners respond to best. Here are some options for adapting the arrangement of students during classtime: Let your student work in a group of three when most of her classmates work in groups of four or five.
Adapting the Child Care Environment for Children with Special Needs - eXtension
Have your student team up with a peer partner when most of his classmates are working individually. Add variety to small-group work: Be mindful of and responsive to students with sensory and attention issues, and make changes to the learning environment to meet their needs.
Give your student the choice to sit at a table instead of a desk or vice versa. Get your student a larger or smaller desk, depending on her preference.
Adapting the Child Care Environment for Children with Special Needs
Give easily distracted students the option of sitting at a desk closer to the board. You could even arrange for the student to complete certain tasks in another part of the school campus, such as the media center or outdoors.
Alter your methods and materials Multiple means of engagement and representation are two pillars of the UDL framework. When you teach a new lesson, offer your learners many different ways to engage with and absorb the content. Incorporate more visuals to present content in different ways, such as maps, pictures, drawings, objects, or videos.
Use graphic organizers to arrange key points in a way students can easily grasp. Provide additional models or demonstrations for students who need extra support during the lesson.
Select concrete materials instead of symbolic representations, or illustrate symbolic representations with concrete examples.
Make the most of whatever technology is available to you—enhance your lesson with whiteboards, streaming videos, or remote clickers.
Check for understanding more frequently, using methods that require active responses from your students. For example, try asking questions about the lesson material and have your class vote on the answers.