Two thirds of Nepal's total trade are with India only. However, if one looks closely the bilateral relationship between India and Nepal (The writer is professor of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University, Sweden.). This changes the fundamental nature of India-Nepal relations and requires both of power shifts and the prospects for Sino-Indian conflicts increase. loop and thus preserve the “special” quality of the bilateral relationship. The India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of forms the bedrock of the India accounts for over two-third of Nepal's merchandise trade, about.
To succeed in their endeavour to chart a mutually beneficial and sustainable partnership, both countries will have to take a deep look at history to avoid past mistakes. Bottom line, Kathmandu will have to avoid the temptation of overbalancing and, conversely, Delhi will have to resist its compulsion to control and micromanage.
History homework for Kathmandu Nepalese non-alignment is far from new. While such shrewd Nepalese behaviour has often worked in the past, it will face new challenges as the Asian balance of power shifts and the prospects for Sino-Indian conflicts increase. Nepal will have to take special caution on three fronts. Beyond such inevitable tensions, however, it is also up to Nepal to find sophisticated ways to play the balancing game just below the threshold at which India decides to move into a hostile mode.
More than Nepalese balancing, it is the manner in which it is conducted that often ticks off India. For example, caught by surprise after then Nepalese Prime Minister T. Conversely, the strongest periods in the bilateral relationship have been marked by a candid discussion on mutual concerns and symbolic gestures.
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Second, in its legitimate and natural enthusiasm for China, Nepal will also have to realise that like free market economics, there are also no free lunches in geopolitics. The cases of Myanmar and Sri Lanka since the s reflect the Chinese modus operandi with all its devastating consequences, as grandiose infrastructure projects quickly turned into liabilities for the host countries, increasing their debt and, in turn, allowing Beijing to convert its financial clout into political leverage.
Besides such long-term consequences of Chinese economic assistance, Kathmandu would also do well to remind itself of the risks of banking on Beijing to bail it out of Indian pressure. Past crises — whether in the late s or mids — show that when Delhi and Kathmandu are on a collision course, China will eventually back off and defer to India, leaving Nepal out in the cold. Article 7 established reciprocal treatment of Indian and Nepali citizens in the two countries, in residence, property, business and movement.
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While light on details, it did serve the purpose of establishing ties between the two nations and Article 5 especially signalling a potential for deeper ties between the two countries. A year previously had also seen the Communist Revolution in China, as well as the Tibetan conflict, which would have been an issue in the minds during the signing of the treaty. Along with strengthening trade ties, the treaty would also streamline customs and duties regulations between the two nations, an important factor for Nepalese trade, given that it is a landlocked country.
An Indian military mission would also be established in Kathmandu and be the source of tension in Nepal towards India. The s would mark the beginning of Nepal balancing its relations with both India and China.India - Nepal Kalapani dispute - चीन ने दी धमकी, अगर कालापानी में घुस गए तो क्या करेगा भारत?
Furthermore, the King was to remain as the head of state under this system. Prior to that, inNepal would sign another Peace and Friendship Treaty, with China this time around. Furthermore, inNepal would sign a border treaty and also agree to the building of a highway route that would connect with China.
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This would however be cancelled by Nepal inalong with a call for Indian military personnel being removed from Nepal. Multiple Trade and Transit Treaties were signed between India and Nepal as trade ties strengthened between the two countries in the s and the s.
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The first being inand in Meanwhile, on the China front, Nepal would not see any significant developments in the s, or the early s, although strong relations would be maintained between China and Nepal throughout this time, as Nepal continued to balance its relations between India and China.
That massive strain would result in the restoration of the parliamentary democracy in Nepal in and after visits and meets in the early 90s between Indian and Nepalese leaders, trade ties would resume again with the signing of new treaties. The s would see the monarchy getting restored under King Gyanendra, only to be overthrown in and abolished inwhen Prime Minister Dahal also known as Prachanda started his first tenure as Prime Minister of Nepal.