Relationship between Mary/Elizabeth or Jesus/John? - Christianity Stack Exchange
John the Baptist (Hebrew: יוחנן המטביל Yokhanan HaMatbil, Ancient Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ .. There is no mention of a family relationship between John and Jesus in the other Gospels, and Raymond E. Brown has described it as "of dubious. The evangelist Luke wrote of a biological relationship between the mothers of Jesus and John the Baptist. Reportedly, the Angel Gabriel told. What do we know about the mysterious John the Baptist? Here are 11 Most likely, it was a blood relationship, but neither a particularly close or distant one. This means that Jesus and John were cousins in one or another senses of the term. . 4. A Mall Banned a Crib and the 'Holy Family' Turned Up. 5.
As the prophet began to generate attention, certain Jews in Jerusalem dispatched to him a delegation of priests and Levites in order to ascertain his identity. John emphatically stated that he was not the promised Messiah, nor was he a literally reincarnated Elijah.
In these remarks, the Baptizer: The imperfect tense form stresses the eternality of the preincarnate Word Jn. The inference is clear.
Jesus was sinless, or to say it in another way, a lamb without spot or blemish 1 Pet. By implication, therefore, John acknowledged the perfection of Christ. I do not think either of these views is correct. Surely John must have known his mission relative to his kinsman since the earliest days of their lives. Moreover, the fact that he resisted immersing Jesus is a strong clue that he was aware of the uniqueness of the Savior.
There was now a certainty, documented from a higher Source! Edersheim graphically describes the conditions of the time. Absolute right did not exist. The social relations exhibited, if possible, even deeper corruption. The sanctity of marriage had ceased.
Female dissipation and the general dissoluteness led at last to an almost entire cessation of marriage. Moral corruption had made deep inroads into Judaism as well. Read carefully the second chapter of the book of Romans. It was into this world that John came with his piercing message: When he saw superficial Hebrews submitting to his immersion, void of any radical change of conduct, he rebuked them: Without fruit there is no real repentance.
This will be discussed as a separate item below.
It would be a regime of a different composition than that of the old theocracy a combined religious and political system. The kingdom of Christ was not to be a this-world oriented system see Jn. The Greek term is engus. It can be used figuratively in prophecy to denote the certainty of an event, from the perspective of time as God views things cf.
The subsequent context of the Gospel records reveals that literal proximity is indicated here.
John the Baptist
Jesus would later indicate that some of those in his audience would not die until they observed the kingdom arrive, accompanied by power Mk. Eventually it becomes apparent that this was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost cf. As mentioned earlier, the Old Testament closed with a prophecy concerning the coming of him who would be in the spirit and power of Elijah, namely John Mal. There are several figures of speech employed by the prophet to provide thrust to his message.
First, the more immediate application probably was to the impending destruction of the Jewish nation. Secondly, the fan was the winnowing shovel with which the harvested grain was tossed into the wind so as to separate the kernel from the chaff.
Who Was John the Baptist?
It thus signified the great separation between the righteous and the wicked in the ultimate ordering of God. The Baptism Administered by John It is imperative in this study that attention be given to the baptism administered by John. Here are some points for consideration: What elements accompanied it? What was the purpose of the ordinance? Did those baptized by John have to be rebaptized after the church was established on Pentecost?
Baptizo is found some eighty times, and it is almost always anglicized i. It becomes an English term with only slight letter modification. Such hybridization obscures the meaning of the original word, but is maintained today for commercial reasons. Unquestionably, the Greek terms denote the action of dipping, immersing, or submerging an object.
Who was John the Baptist? (11 things to know and share)
Such a reference would hardly have been necessary if baptism can be administered with but a few drops of water. Marcus Dods, a Presbyterian scholar, says of this location: William Hendriksen rendered the phrase in Matthew 3: The preposition eis has its usual prospective thrust.
From heaven or from men? The Lord clearly implied that it was from God, not from the Qumran cult. Two words in this text are key. One cannot but ask: This question has generated much discussion: Were those baptized by John, during those days when his ministry was operative, required to be rebaptized in order to enter the church following the day of Pentecost?
Before looking at this matter more carefully, let us make a couple of preliminary observations. First, there is no clear, definitive statement regarding this theme in the New Testament record. One must, therefore, assemble all the evidence available, and then attempt to draw what he perceives to be a reasonable conclusion. It is not a make-or-break issue. Consider the following points. Where is the evidence that anyone who had been baptized by John was required to be immersed following Pentecost.
Who Was John the Baptist? : Christian Courier
Acts 19 surely does not demand that. Their baptism had been predicated upon an insufficient faith regarding Jesus, and therefore, on that basis, was not valid.
Is there evidence that any of the original apostles were baptized on Pentecost or thereafter? One of these lads represented the chief priests and elders, the upper stratum of Jewish society, while the other boy signified the publicans and harlots, the offscouring of that culture.
Since he is described as a priest of the course of Abijah and Elizabeth as one of the daughters of Aaron this would make John a descendant of Aaron on both his father's and mother's side. There is no mention of a family relationship between John and Jesus in the other Gospels, and Raymond E.Did John the Baptist Know Jesus?
Brown has described it as "of dubious historicity". The text briefly mentions that John is imprisoned and later beheaded by Herod, but the Gospel of Luke lacks the story of a step-daughter dancing for Herod and requesting John's head.
His wife, whose name was Elizabeth, was also a descendant of Aaron. They were both righteous people, who lived blameless lives, guiding their steps by all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord. But they had no child, Elizabeth being barren; and both of them were advanced in years.
One day, when Zechariah was officiating as priest before God, during the turn of his division, it fell to him by lot, in accordance with the practice among the priests, to go into the Temple of the Lord and burn incense; and, as it was the Hour of Incense, the people were all praying outside. And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right of the Altar of Incense.
Zechariah was startled at the sight and was awe-struck. But the angel said to him: He will be to you a joy and a delight; and many will rejoice over his birth. For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; he will not drink any wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit from the very hour of his birth, and will reconcile many of the Israelites to the Lord their God.
He will go before him in the spirit and with the power of Elijah, 'to reconcile fathers to their children' and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous, and so make ready for the Lord a people prepared for him. And now you will be silent and unable to speak until the day when this takes place, because you did not believe what I said, though my words will be fulfilled in due course.
When he came out, he was unable to speak to them, and they perceived that he had seen a vision there. But Zechariah kept making signs to them, and remained dumb.
And, as soon as his term of service was finished, he returned home. After this his wife, Elizabeth, became pregnant and lived in seclusion for five months. Her name was Mary. Gabriel came into her presence and greeted her, saying: And now, you will conceive and give birth to a son, and you will give him the name Jesus. The child will be great and will be called 'Son of the Most High,' and the Lord God will give him the throne of his ancestor David, and he will reign over the descendants of Jacob for ever; And to his kingdom there will be no end.
Soon after this Mary set out, and made her way quickly into the hill-country, to a town in Judah; and there she went into Zechariah's house and greeted Elizabeth. When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the child moved within her, and Elizabeth herself was filled with the Holy Spirit, and cried aloud: But how have I this honor, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
For, as soon as your greeting reached my ears, the child moved within me with delight! Happy indeed is she who believed that the promise which she received from the Lord would be fulfilled.
Great things has the Almighty done for me; And holy is his name. From age to age his mercy rests On those who honor him. Mighty are the deeds of his arm; He scatters the proud with their own devices, he casts down princes from their thrones, and the humble he uplifts, the hungry he loads with gifts, and the rich he sends empty away.
He has stretched out his hand to his servant Israel, Ever mindful of his mercy As he promised to our forefathers For Abraham and his race for ever.
When Elizabeth's time came, she gave birth to a son; and her neighbors and relations, hearing of the great goodness of the Lord to her, came to share her joy. A week later they met to circumcise the child, and were about to call him 'Zechariah' after his father, when his mother spoke up: Asking for a writing-tablet, he wrote the words — 'His name is John.
All their neighbors were awe-struck at this; and throughout the hill-country of Judea the whole story was much talked about; and all who heard it kept it in mind, asking one another — "What can this child be destined to become? Then his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit, and, speaking under inspiration, said: This was the oath which he swore to our forefather Abraham — That we should be rescued from the hands of our enemies, and should serve him without fear in holiness and righteousness, In his presence all our days.
And you, child, will be called prophet of the Most High, For you will go before the Lord to make ready his way, to give his people the knowledge of salvation In the forgiveness of their sins, through the tender mercy of our God, Whereby the Dawn will break on us from heaven, to give light to those who live in darkness and the shadow of death, And guide our feet into the way of peace. And John went through the whole district of the Jordan, proclaiming baptism on repentance, for the forgiveness of sins.
This was in fulfillment of what is said in the writings of the prophet Isaiah — 'The voice of one crying aloud in the wilderness: Every chasm will be filled, Every mountain and hill will be leveled, The winding ways will be straightened, The rough roads made smooth, and everyone will see the salvation of God. Who has prompted you to seek refuge from the coming judgment? Let your lives, then, prove your repentance; and do not begin to say among yourselves 'Abraham is our ancestor,' for I tell you that out of these stones God is able to raise descendants for Abraham!
Already, indeed, the axe is lying at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that fails to bear good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.
And when some soldiers on active service asked "And we — what are we to do? He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.
His winnowing-fan is in his hand so that he may clear his threshing-floor, and store the grain in his barn, but the chaff he will burn with a fire that cannot be put out. But Prince Herod, being rebuked by John respecting Herodias, the wife of Herod's brother, and for all the evil things that he had done, crowned them all by shutting John up in prison. Now after the baptism of all the people, and when Jesus had been baptized and was still praying, the heavens opened, and the Holy Spirit came down on him in the form of a dove, and from the heavens came a voice — "You are my dearly loved son; you bring me great joy.
So he summoned two of them, and sent them to the Master to ask — "Are you 'the coming one,' or are we to look for some one else? So his answer to the question was: And blessed is the person who finds no hindrance in me. A reed waving in the wind? If not, what did you go out to see? A man dressed in rich clothing? Why, those who are accustomed to fine clothes and luxury live in royal palaces.
What then did you go to see? Yes, I tell you, and far more than a prophet. This is the man of whom scripture says — 'I am sending my messenger ahead of you, and he will prepare your way before you. But the Pharisees and the students of the law, having rejected John's baptism, frustrated God's purpose in regard to them. In the Gospel of John[ edit ] The fourth gospel describes John the Baptist as "a man sent from God" who "was not the light", but "came as a witness, to bear witness to the light, so that through him everyone might believe".
Unlike the other gospels, it is John himself who testifies to seeing "the Spirit come down from heaven like a dove and rest on him".
John explicitly announces that Jesus is the one "who baptizes with the Holy Spirit" and John even professes a "belief that he is the Son of God" and "the Lamb of God".
The Gospel of John reports that Jesus' disciples were baptizing and that a debate broke out between some of the disciples of John and another Jew about purification. The Gospel of John then points out that Jesus' disciples were baptizing more people than John.
He was not the light, but he came to bear witness to the light. When the religious authorities in Jerusalem sent some Priests and Levites to ask John — "Who are you? What do you say about yourself? The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him, and exclaimed: I was taking about him when I said 'After me there is coming a man who ranks ahead of me, because before I was born he already was.
I myself did not know him, but he who sent me to baptize with water, he said to me 'He on whom you see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him — he it is who baptizes with the Holy Spirit. John 3 John, also, was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because there were many streams there; and people were constantly coming and being baptized. For John had not yet been imprisoned.
Now a discussion arose between some of John's disciples and a fellow Jew on the subject of 'purification;' and the disciples came to John and said: You are yourselves witnesses that I said 'I am not the Christ,' but 'I have been sent before him as a messenger. This joy I have felt to the full.
He must become greater, and I less. He who comes from heaven is above all others. He states what he has seen and what he heard, and yet no one accepts his statement.
They who did accept his statement confirm the fact that God is true. For he whom God sent as his messenger gives us God's own teaching, for God does not limit the gift of the Spirit.
The Father loves his Son, and has put everything in his hands. The person who believes in the Son has eternal life, while a person who rejects the Son will not even see that life, but remains under 'God's displeasure. Joseph has argued that the Gospel demotes the historical John by painting him only as a prophetic forerunner to Jesus whereas his ministry actually complemented Jesus'.