The sociology of authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership is for each leadership style, and the leadership styles' relationship to authority and. Autocratic leadership can be defined as a leadership style, wherein a clear line of demarcation between leader and follower exist, as the leader. Discover some of the most common leadership style frameworks. one of three groups with an authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-faire leader. and is an effective approach when trying to maintain relationships with others.
The suggestions and opinions of the subordinates are given importance. Indeed they are frequently consulted, on different matters. Here, the leaders consider the opinion of the group and work accordingly.
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Moreover, the employees are informed about every matter which affects them. There exist an open-end communication, through which the subordinates can communicate directly with the other members of the organisation, be it top level or bottom level. Democratic leadership encourages freedom of expression, independent thinking and participative decision making.
Key Differences Between Autocratic and Democratic Leadership The difference between autocratic and democratic leadership can be drawn clearly on the following grounds: Autocratic leadership can be defined as a leadership style, wherein a clear line of demarcation between leader and follower exist, as the leader has got the absolute power of commanding and decision making.
The democratic approach on the other hand works best when it is visibly supported by higher authority, members are well-educated, leaders have the skills to conduct meetings with the members, and time can be afforded for trust to develop.
If these factors exist, then the democratic approach results in higher rates of productivity, reduced personnel turnover, reduced absenteeism, and better employee physical and mental health.
Which approach is appropriate depends in part on the nature of the follower and the environment. Democratic leadership is desirable in situations where the workforce becomes educated and seeks greater participation, when business becomes more complex, and when the use of advanced technology increases and there is greater emphasis on team expertise. Immature, dependent, and inexperienced subordinates are more likely to expect and accept authoritarian direction, whereas a democratic approach results in more rapid employee development.
We are often presented with a value judgement of autocratic leadership as bad and democratic leadership as good. This is not always the case. Authoritarian leadership works best with authoritarian followers in an authoritarian culture.
There are times when an authoritarian approach is appropriate, as the leader of a high performing group can afford to be more democratic than the leader of a poor performing group. The right tool for the right job I question how much a leader can operate outside of their preferred method, and to what extent a new leader is necessary when the situation changes.
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Organizations that incorporate the democratic style still need strong leaders who know how to avoid the pitfalls that can trip up collaborative teams when they lose their compass. Apple Apple was a successful company from tobefore it almost failed in the mids. Then it became enormously successful again -- precisely because it faltered.
In other words, Apple had a vision. Apple lost its vision. Apple regained its vision.
In the mids Gateway, Microsoft, Sun Microsystems and other companies reportedly zeroed in on Apple as an acquisition target.
Years later, many of those brands disappeared.
Difference Between Autocratic and Democratic Leadership
Apple survived because Steve Jobs learned how to adapt. He hired other experienced leaders and entrusted them to excel. He let them make key decisions. That's why Apple survived. Most of these presidents exhibited traits that reflected a variety of leadership styles.
Difference Between Autocratic and Democratic Leadership (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences
Unlike commanding troops during the American Revolution, Washington was notably democratic when guiding the U. He showed early signs of his democratic leadership style by appointing strong leaders to his staff. His decision not to serve a third term exemplified a democratic leader who knows when to pass the torch. As president, Jefferson was both an authoritarian and democratic leader. As primary author of the U. Declaration of Independence inJefferson left no ambiguity about his devotion to democracy: Often considered the epitome of a democratic leader, Lincoln was autocratic in his decisions throughout his presidency.
Although his character and principles were democratic in nature, Lincoln was an autocratic leader as president out of necessity. The Civil War demanded decisiveness. Patton, Eisenhower was a strategist and consensus builder. A charismatic leader at heart, Kennedy displayed characteristics of laissez-faire and democratic leadership styles. In other cases, he showed autocratic leadership tendencies, such as his quick decisions during the Cuban Missile Crisis. He surrounded himself with some experienced staff, but he often deferred to inexperienced subordinates when acting authoritatively would have been a better choice.
The participatory style works best with experts who know their jobs and carry out their responsibilities under minimal supervision. This is true for: Pharmaceutical companies have educated chemists who work well in collaborative teams on development projects.
Such companies also require autocratic leaders who supervise subordinates in automated assembly-line operations. Hospitals and healthcare testing facilities call for a blend of leadership styles.