Relationship between fascism nationalism and patriotism

Definitions of fascism - Wikipedia

We are seeing a return to nationalism because it is no These ideas have no connection to fascism whatsoever. They are far more closely. 11 that “nationalism is a betrayal of patriotism. throughout history, including fascism, separatist movements like those of the Basques or Kurds. Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition.

It is also an attempt to discredit the resurgence of nationalism and to defend the multinational systems that have dominated the West since World War II.

Difference Between Nationalism and Patriotism | Difference Between | Nationalism vs Patriotism

Nationalism is the core of the Enlightenment's notion of liberal democracy. It asserts that the multinational dynasties that ruled autocratically denied basic human rights.

Among these was the right to national self-determination and the right of citizens to decide what was in the national interest. The Enlightenment feared tyranny and saw the multinational empires dominating Europe as the essence of tyranny.

Destroying them meant replacing them with nation-states. The American and French revolutions were both nationalist risings, as were the risings that swept Europe in Liberal revolutions were by definition nationalist because they were risings against multinational empires. Fascism differs from nationalism in two profound ways. First, fascists did not consider self-determination a universal right. The rights of other nations to a nation-state of their own was, at best, unclear to the fascists.

In a very real sense, Hitler and Mussolini believed in multinationalism, albeit with other nations submitting to their will.

Fascism was an assault on the right of nations to pursue their self-interest, and an elevation of the fascists' right to pursue it based on an assertion of their nations' inherent superiority and right to rule.

But the more profound difference was the conception of internal governance. Nationalism accepted that the right to hold power was subject to explicit and periodic selection of the leaders by the people.

How this was done varied. It also requires that opponents of the elected have the right to speak out against them, and to organize parties to challenge them in the future. Most important, it affirms that the people have the right to govern themselves through these mechanisms and that those elected to lead must govern in the people's name. Fascism asserts that a Hitler or a Mussolini represents the people but is not answerable to them.

The core of fascism is the idea of the dictator, who emerges through his own will. He cannot be challenged without betraying the people. Therefore, free speech and opposition parties are banned and those who attempt to oppose the regime are treated as criminals. Fascism without the dictator, without the elimination of elections, without suppression of free speech and the right to assemble, isn't fascism. Arguing that being part of the European Union is not in the British interestthat NATO has outlived its usefulnessthat protectionist policies or anti-immigration policies are desirable is not fascist.

These ideas have no connection to fascism whatsoever. They are far more closely linked to traditional liberal democracy. Over the past year we have witnessed the hijacking of the word "nationalism. It has been linked directly to "White Nationalism" and to "Nazism.

Sometimes the pundits even cite their credentials as experts on nationalism by reminding their audience that their parents or grandparents suffered under the tyranny of this nationalism. They assert that nationalism is a scourge on democracy and freedom. They are not malicious, they are simply incorrect.

Difference Between Nationalism and Patriotism

They are conflating fascism and nationalism. Fascism is the belief system that Adolf Hitler and his ally Benito Mussolini co-opted to take power in Europe. Fascism is the tool of totalitarianism that Hitler turned into an art form and with which he motivated Nazi Germany to embark on a war to conquer the world. Fascism is the vehicle that Hitler and his Nazi German minions used to argue that the world had a problem that could best be solved by the "Final Solution.

It was the solution to the problems of the world as seen through Nazi eyes. Fascism is about hate. Nationalism is love of one's country. The nationalist argues that their country is the best of all countries, simply because it is their country, it is the country from which they hail. It is a tautological argument — it is not convincing, but it is not fascism. She describes fascism as extreme nationalism, what would today be termed nationalism on steroids.

Again, this does not mean that nationalism is fascism. Fascism is the extreme. Similarly, patriotism is not a synonym for nationalism.

Ending the Confusion Over Patriotism, Nationalism and Fascism |

Patriotism is a subcategory of nationalism. It is a less strident form of nationalism. On the continuum, going from ordinary to extreme, the order would be patriotism, nationalism, fascism. Patriotism is by its nature defensive, both militarily and culturally.

Nationalism, on the other hand, is inseparable from the desire for power. The abiding purpose of every nationalist is to secure more power and more prestige, not for himself, but for the nation or other unit in which he has chosen to sink his own individuality. Patriotism is a feeling, nationalism is an assertion.