The impact of information technology on medicine
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) · Health Information Technology at US Department of Health & Human. Keywords: Information Technology, Medical Education The Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) defines Information. Today information technology is used in wide range of fields and one of the upcoming fields is of Medical Science, which is known as Health Information.
There followed a systematic analysis of human tasks and activities and an attempt to improve these by means of computer applications. Medicine then became fertile ground for development, and the concepts of expert systems in medicine emerged, with systems for computer-aided history-taking and diagnosis. In the long run, however, it was the more mundane IT applications such as word-processing and database management systems that penetrated the everyday practice of the working clinician, and even more the world of health services management.
The use of information technology in medicine: defining its role and limitations.
The first sectors of hospital activity that benefitted tangibly from IT were patient administration, laboratories and accounts — not surprising, considering the large volumes of numeric data that these sectors handle. At the same time, clinical activities involving calculations were greatly facilitated — the days of nomograms were numbered. The next significant development was the convergence of information and communication technologies. This led to a veritable boom in networking both within and between organisations.
The first major effect of this, in the early 90's, was the evolution of data sharing concepts and the emergence of integrated information systems.
Hospital information systems developed and started to take rich data sounds, images, movies on board. The acquisition, storage and transmission of medical data, especially from medical instrumentation, became increasingly digital, rendering the total electronic health record feasible.
The second major effect of networking, in the mid 90's, was the explosive growth of the Internet. It became feasible to move data and information quickly and cost-effectively between any two networked PC's on the planet.
The Impact of Technology on Healthcare | AIMS EDUCATION
Medical technology has evolved from introducing doctors to new equipment to use inside private practices and hospitals to connecting patients and doctors thousands of miles away through telecommunications.
With more and more hospitals and practices using medical technology like mobile devices on the job, physicians can now have access to any type of information they need — from drug information, research and studies, patient history or records, and more — within mere seconds. And, with the ability to effortlessly carry these mobile devices around with them throughout the day, they are never far from the information they need. Applications that aid in identifying potential health threats and examining digital information like x-rays and CT scans also contribute to the benefits that information technology brings to medicine.
Medical Equipment Technology Improving quality of life is one of the main benefits of integrating new innovations into medicine. Medical technologies like minimally-invasive surgeries, better monitoring systems, and more comfortable scanning equipment are allowing patients to spend less time in recovery and more time enjoying a healthy life. The integration of medical equipment technology and telehealth has also created robotic surgeries, where in some cases, physicians do not even need to be in the operating room with a patient when the surgery is performed.
With other robotic surgeries, the surgeon is still in the room, operating the robotic devices, but the technology allows for a minimally-invasive procedure that leaves patients with less scarring and significantly less recovery time. Technology and Medical Research Medical scientists and physicians are constantly conducting research and testing new procedures to help prevent, diagnose, and cure diseases as well as developing new drugs and medicines that can lessen symptoms or treat ailments.
Through the use of technology in medical research, scientists have been able to examine diseases on a cellular level and produce antibodies against them.
These vaccines against life-threatening diseases like malaria, polio, MMR, and more prevent the spread of disease and save thousands of lives all around the globe. In fact, the World Health Organization estimates that vaccines save about 3 million lives per year, and prevent millions of others from contracting deadly viruses and diseases. Medical Technology and The Law As technology in the world of healthcare continues to evolve, rules and regulations concerning its use must be established and adjusted to adapt to the new methods of administering care.