Relationship between lifestyle and health status

relationship between lifestyle and health status

The study aimed to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and health, there found a significant relationship between socioeconomic status, sport. Many participants emphasized the link between healthy lifestyles, including .. Chronic obesity, smoking and drug use are voluntary conditions which cost the. According to WHO, 60% of related factors to individual health and quality of life are The relationship of lifestyle and health should be highly considered. Today .

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Introduction Lifestyle is a way used by people, groups and nations and is formed in specific geographical, economic, political, cultural and religious text.

Lifestyle is referred to the characteristics of inhabitants of a region in special time and place. It includes day to day behaviors and functions of individuals in job, activities, fun and diet.

Impact of Lifestyle on Health

In recent decades, life style as an important factor of health is more interested by researchers. Millions of people follow an unhealthy lifestyle. Hence, they encounter illness, disability and even death. Problems like metabolic diseases, joint and skeletal problems, cardio-vascular diseases, hypertension, overweight, violence and so on, can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle.

relationship between lifestyle and health status

The relationship of lifestyle and health should be highly considered. Today, wide changes have occurred in life of all people. Malnutrition, unhealthy diet, smoking, alcohol consuming, drug abuse, stress and so on, are the presentations of unhealthy life style that they are used as dominant form of lifestyle.

relationship between lifestyle and health status

Besides, the lives of citizens face with new challenges. For instance, emerging new technologies within IT such as the internet and virtual communication networks, lead our world to a major challenge that threatens the physical and mental health of individuals. The challenge is the overuse and misuse of the technology.

Therefore, according to the existing studies, it can be said that: There are different forms of such influences.

Consanguinity in some ethnicity is a dominant form of life style that it leads to the genetic disorders. Reformation of this unhealthy life style is a preventing factor for decreasing the rate of genetic diseases 2.

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In some countries, the overuse of drugs is a major unhealthy life style. Iran is one of the 20 countries using the most medications. They prefer medication to other intervention. Pain relievers, eye drops and antibiotics have the most usage in Iran.

While self-medications such as antibiotics have a negative effect on the immune system, if the individual would be affected by infection, antibiotics will not be effective in treatment.

Overall, 10 percent of those who are self-medicated will experience severe complications such as drug resistance. Sometimes drug allergy is so severe that it can cause death 4.

Finally, variables of lifestyle that influence on health can be categorized in some items: Diet is the greatest factor in lifestyle and has a direct and positive relation with health. Poor diet and its consequences like obesity is the common healthy problem in urban societies.

Unhealthy lifestyle can be measured by BMI. The present orientation is that moderate daily physical activity such as walking or biking min a day has the same protective effects as performing more intense sports activities two or three times a week [5]. It is not completely clear whether physical activity is beneficial for diseases other than cardiovascular ones, but at least for diabetes it seems so.

Benefits have also been documented from the psychological point of view. Physical activity produces its beneficial effects through mechanisms that involve the physiology of the cardiocirculatory system and glucose and lipid metabolism in general, and the coagulation process. The initial hypothesis was linked to the relationship of saturated fatty acids on serum cholesterol and of serum cholesterol on the occurrence of coronary events.

Initial findings based on ecological analyses showed the strong relationship of saturated fat intake with coronary heart disease incidence and mortality across different populations of different cultures [6]. Later, the approach turned to the dietary pattern analysis of food groups [7], that prompted the identification of the so-called Mediterranean Diet, roughly characterized by a predominance of plant versus animal food intake. Such a diet seems beneficial against several morbid conditions, including coronary heart disease, cancer and others.

Impact of Lifestyle on Health

Certainly, many mechanisms intervene in the process, linked at least to the influence on lipid metabolism, the coagulation process and the antioxidant properties of the Mediterranean Diet. Subsequently, many other studies, carried out in Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean countries, confirmed that within any population it is possible to identify subgroups of people who follow dietary habits similar to those described as the Mediterranean Diet, and are protected against major morbid conditions and all-cause mortality.

One of the early studies of this type was carried out in Greece [8]. Presently, many other studies tend to refine these concepts and to find a better definition of the ideal diet for health purposes. An additional important point, that is not always focused on the description of the Mediterranean Diet, is the need to reduce the daily consumption of salt [9].

Presently, in most populations, its use exceeds by two times the physiological needs, favouring the elevation of blood pressure and perhaps the evolution of atherosclerosis. There is indeed increasing evidence for additional blood pressure-independent pathways linking excess salt intake to the process of atherosclerosis, and some meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials have shown that a moderate reduction of salt intake is associated with a reduction of blood pressure and, consequently, with a reduction of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in hypertensive individuals [9].

However, the response of patients to these recommendations is heterogeneous, mainly due to variable compliance with the doctor's prescription, and, to a lesser extent, to different individual BP salt sensitivity [9].

relationship between lifestyle and health status

There is accordingly, plenty of room to intervene favourably with a potentially high impact for prevention. Another important point, frequently ignored, is the adverse effect of trans fatty acids that are artificially produced and introduced in prepared foods, although this is a declining trend, at least in some countries [10].

The impact of basic lifestyle behaviour on health: how to lower the risk of coro

Labels of food composition must be the guidance for avoiding its use. The three basic behavioural risk factors, i. Some investigations also included alcohol consumption independently from diet and some indices of obesity, such as body mass index and waist circumference or even other behaviours.

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The duration of follow-up was variable but usually covered 10 years and up to 24 years, except one study that reported follow-up data of 50 years.

All-cause mortality was the endpoint analysed most, but some contributions also considered cardiovascular diseases, coronary heart disease and cancer mortality, while only one presented data on the incidence of major coronary heart disease CHD events. The reported relative risk of people with healthy behaviours versus those with unhealthy behaviours provided a wide range, from 0. However, this depended upon the number of combined behaviours up to sixthe kind of endpoint, age range, gender, and duration of follow-up.

The conclusion from the above reports is that, despite differences in risk factor measurement techniques, age range, gender, geographical and cultural settings, duration of follow-up and endpoint definition, the outcome seems relatively homogeneous across the various experiences.

A recent meta-analysis confirms and reinforces this impression [21]. Therefore, attention should be paid, if needed, to control these risk factors by the use of drug intervention, which becomes an integral part of preventive action. Detailed indications and guidelines are available from expert committees of various scientific organizations: We also present these data so that they might be used pragmatically by practising cardiologists to foster lifestyle changes aimed at prolonging life expectancy in middle-aged individuals.