Personality and Intelligence in a High Ability Sample
Personality and IQ have traditionally been viewed as distinct domains of smaller than the relationships among IQ, intellectual engagement, and mental quickness. For more correlations between IQ and personality, see the. In any discussion of personality and intelligence, it must be acknowledged that the . When trying to address the specific association between personality and. intelligence-personality relations by examining associations of . associations between investment-related traits and intelligence to be.
Those scores can be combined into five global factors. The test has been used extensively over the years and is one of the most psychometrically validated of all personality tests Kline, Procedure All participants were applicants for a high potential talent government scheme which offered free overseas tution to successful candidates. They were all tested under exam conditionover a two period. Tests were all given in the same order. They were all given feedback on their performance.
Correlations between the 16 factors and the three intelligence test scores.
Regressions Table 2 shows the results of three stage-wise regressions. All were significant althougth there was a different pattern. Regressional results with intelligence tests as the criterion variables and sex, age and personality as the predictor variables. These higher order factors were then correlated with the three ability tests see Table 3. The same analysis was repeated for the five factors derived from the analysis.
A similar set of correlation arose. Correlations between the 16PF higher order factors and the intelligence test scores. Similarly the same regressions as in Table 2 were run except this time with the five higher order scores. All regressions showed that Factor one, four and five were negative predictors of the intelligence test scores.
The five factor model of personality and intelligence - Research Portal, King's College, London
Thus the regressions of the Big Five derived from the 16PF accounted for about the same amount of variance as that of the analysis with the 16 factors. The method used was moderated regression as in the previous section. The corresponding values for the Newcastle group were for 0. A number of correlations between general ability and other traits were also obtained.
One cluster of traits showing negative and N-independent relationships with ability comprising depression, emotionality, somatic symptom reporting, public self-awareness and social anxiety, can broadly be regarded as representing aspects of maladaptive personal adjustment.
Thus, high scorers on depression and emotionality will tend to report lower levels of well being than low scorers, whilst high scores on public self-awareness and social anxiety can also be regarded as detrimental to quality of life. Hostility, also found to be negatively associated with ability, can be regarded as representing maladaptive social adjustment, whilst anger control, positively correlated, can be thought of as adaptive.
In view of the increasing evidence of associations between hostility and the risk of E. The positive association between Type A scores and intelligence found in the present study was also reported by Rayburn and Rayburn In addition, both positive and negative associations between intelligence and subjective well-being have been reported Diener, An indication of how these ideas might be further developed can be found in the work of Ackerman Here, a model of adult intellectual development is proposed which integrates intelligence-as-process, personality, interests, and intelligence-as-knowledge.
Ackerman describes four robust trait com- plexes, each comprising personality, ability and interest measures.
Intelligence and personality
The integration of traits relating to personal and social adjustment into this framework might allow further interpretation of the associations discussed above. One possi- bility is that it indicates a change in personality structure with ability level. In this interpretation orthogonal dimensions of P and N would exist amongst the more able, whilst the less able would be better described by a personality structure with nonorthogonal dimensions; in this view a E.
The less intelligent are either less able to discriminate the constructs or, per- haps, understand the items less well and this induces a correlation between P and N items. Changes in these psychometric properties could be responsible for the observed changes in correlations.
Future studies should include an assessment of the item- and scale-level psychometric properties of personality scales as a function of ability level and vice versa.
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Intelligence and personality - Wikipedia
Auditory inspection time and intelligence: Developmental Psy- chology, 31, — The personality deviance scales—their development, associations, factor structure and restructuring. Hostile personality and risks of peripheral arterial disease in the general population. Psychosomatic Medicine, 56, — Is age kinder to the initially more able?: Intelli- gence, 5, — Psychological Bulletin, 95, — Duke University Medical Center.
The psychometric properties of the Bortner Type A scale. British Journal of Psychology, 81, — Links between personality, ability and attitudes in a low-IQ sample. Personality and Individual Dif- ferences, 10, — Manual for kit of factor-referenced cognitive tests, The Eysenck personality questionnaire. Personality and the measurement of intelligence. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 24, — Two questionnaires on spiritual intelligence and personality traits were distributed to members of the sample during the academic year — Results illustrated a medium level of spiritual intelligence in students, and indicated a positive and statistically significant relationship between spiritual intelligence dimensions critical existential thinking, personal meaning production, transcendental awareness, and conscious state expansion and personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousnessbut no significant correlation between personal meaning production and transcendental awareness dimensions and neuroticism personality traits.
Finally, regression analysis results indicate that critical existential thinking is the first predictor dimension of spiritual intelligence in terms of neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. In the light of the results of this study, many recommendations were written by the researchers. Spiritual intelligence, personality traits, Jordanian University students Introduction The concept of intelligence emerged within the frame of ancient philosophy and has remained a topic of consistent interest to philosophers and writers throughout the ages to the present day.
Recent decades, however, have witnessed an extension of this frame of reference to encompass contemporary research studies within the sciences of biology and physiology, particularly anorexia and bulimia nervosa physiology, heredity, and ultimately the field of the humanities.
The term and concept of spiritual intelligence emerged as a result of integrating intelligence with spirituality. Thus, improving spiritual intelligence helps individuals toward adopting a positive outlook and in achieving inner peace. This modification in attitude improves self-motivation and control as well as helping to reduce the high stress levels commonly induced by the hectic pace of modern life. It is also the intelligence by whose standards our work and comprehensive path of life are evaluated in comparison with others.
It is the base we need in order for our intellectual and emotional intelligence to work effectively. On the other hand, 11 Wigglesworth sees it as behaving wisely and mercifully while maintaining both inner peace and outward calm regardless of the prevailing circumstances.
Although spiritual intelligence differs from traditional intelligence, they share common features: This model of personality can be used to describe the most salient aspects of personality. Goldberg found that neurotic people respond more poorly to environmental stress and are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult.
People exhibiting neurotic impulsiveness find it difficult to resist temptation or delay gratification, while individuals have low conscientiousness are unable to motivate themselves to perform a task that they would like to accomplish. It is a tendency to be pleasant and accommodating in social situations reflecting individual differences in concern for cooperation and social harmony.
Agreeable persons tend to believe that most people are honest, decent, and trustworthy, and are less likely to suffer from social rejection. Previous studies In their study, Beshlideh et al conducted research with male students at Shahid Chamran University at Ahvaz, examining the relationship between personality traits and spiritual intelligence. Analytical results showed statistically significant correlations between extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness and critical existential thinking, personal meaning, transcendent awareness, and conscious-state spiritual intelligence, but showed no correlation between neurosis and openness personality traits and spiritual intelligence subscales.
The study results showed a positive relationship between the three personality traits of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extroversion and spiritual intelligence, but a negative relationship between neuroticism and spiritual intelligence, while also showing no correlation between openness and spiritual intelligence. Results showed a positive relationship between self-meaning generation and agreeableness and neuroticism, and a significant relationship between transcendental awareness and openness.
The study results showed a positive significant correlation between spiritual intelligence critical thinking, creating personal meaning, transcendental awareness, and expanding awareness and personality traits of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience. Results also showed a negative and significant correlation between spiritual intelligence subscales and the neuroticism personality trait.
The present study was aimed at exploring the level of spiritual intelligence among Hashemite University students, and examining further the link between spiritual intelligence and personality traits. In order to achieve the objective of the present study, the following questions were generated: What is the level of spiritual intelligence among sample of undergraduate students at Hashemite University in Jordan?
Is there significant correlation between spiritual intelligence and personality traits? Methodology Study sample and population The present study adopted a descriptive research design approach. Participants included male and female students from different departments, different academic years, and all faculties, their selection based on purposive sample technique from the overall population.