As a result of its weak governance, Haiti still struggles to recover from recent natural Haitians' political choices are free from domination by domestic military powers Election-related violence against women was a problem in , and, along with Freedom of religion is constitutionally guaranteed and religious groups. Simulation of the Effect of Economic Growth on Poverty in Haiti. . AHISTORY OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE. . Association of Haitian Judges. APENA . country's religious, cultural, and artistic life is highly diverse and vibrant. family structure, Haitian economics and religion. and the relationship between religion and mental health. Within Haiti, political instability, . physical violence and sexual abuse (Jaimes, Lecomte & Raphaël, ).
Additionally, medical services, whether public or private are disproportionately located in the metropolitan Port-au-Prince area. Hospitals outside the Port-au-Prince area provide limited obstetric services.
In rural areas, prenatal care services are often delivered either by outreach teams or by small clinics that do not have formal maternity wards or delivery capabilities. While most medical infrastructures are concentrated within Port-au-Prince, these hospitals and clinical facilities are often in a dilapidated state as they are compromised by infrastructural deficiencies and electrical blackouts.
This lack of medical infrastructure was further exacerbated by the Haiti earthquake. This under-utilization of existing rural services is directly tied to the perceived and actual quality of the facilities. Individually, structural violence creates barriers that prevent one from properly receiving and utilizing health care systems.
Some of these barriers include high user fees, which lower health facility utilization levels, as well as social stigma around certain diseases that reduce utilization and thus negatively impact health outcomes for certain individuals. This public separation thus makes visible the social stigma of sexually transmitted diseaseswhich can deter women from utilizing certain sex-related health services. This uneven distribution of resources across Haiti's society has created numerous social and economic disparities, all of which have led the country to perform below other countries in a series of health outcomes.
Cultural Information - Haiti | Centre for Intercultural Learning
Today, Haiti has the highest rates of infantunder-five, and maternal mortality in the Western hemisphere. The probability of infants dying under the age of five is 76 per 1, live births. In the World Malaria Report, confirmed cases of malaria in Haiti tripled from 16, to 49, between and Relationship building are very important in Haitian culture.
However, you might hear it through an informal network. As a good manager one must first understand the deep history of oppression Haitians experienced, which still strongly influences the way many Haitians perceive internationals. A balance of compassion and strength, is required to foster a strong working relationship with local staff. Attempt to involve locals in discussions and decisions rather than operating as a dictatorship. At the same time a manager must be cautious to not appear weak as this can be taken advantage of.
You will know how staff view you based on their work performance. If staff are ignoring direction, not producing results, not showing up for work or speaking over you, this is a sign of a lack of respect. You will need to work with your staff to correct. Gender, Class, Religion and Ethnicity.
What impact would the above attitudes have on the workplace? Decisions are usually made by the head of the family or by the supervisor at the workplace. Non-governmental organizations NGO have reinforced the traditional decision making processes.
Seniority and authority are very important in Haitian culture and in many cases, advice from elders is very welcome.
Therefore, it is recommended to work with local leaders whenever possible. Not taking this cultural value into account may result in a breakdown in the decision-making process and lead to failure of an activity or project. It is valuable to use tact and to be culturally sensitive when speaking, suggesting ideas and building consensus. Decisions in the work place require the approval of supervisors especially if any costs will be incurred.
Due to a history of mismanagement, a high level of oversite is required to ensure things are handled correctly.
This will help prevent finical losses, ensure accountability and reduce safety risks. Voodoo is also broadly practiced. There are a few Muslim and Hindu practitioners in Haiti.
In addition, social status is a key factor. Who you know, particularly senior members of government and politicians, is important. Haiti's upper class is made up of a very small minority but they control a great part of the wealth of the nation. The elite or upper class also include Haitians of Lebanese, Syrian and Indian descent who have become financially successful in the country.
Increased access to education had helped carry some individuals into the ranks of the upper class. The middle class can include public servants, moderately successful business operators including agricultural producersconsultants, technical specialists, etc.
They typically are well educated, speak French and English and live in urban areas. The lower class, or proletariat, is socially very mixed poor peasants, poor urbans and it has little class awareness. They can be the domestic workers, labourers, and the unemployed or chronically under employed masses.
This class also includes a significant number of young Haitians. Lower-class parents still make a real effort to keep their children in school throughout the primary curriculum.
Ethnicity In Haitian language there are only two types of people in the world: Rather the term "blanc" is used universally for anyone who is not Haitian. Foreigners are given respect in most situations, but the term "blanc" can also be used as a form of mockery especially when one has little understanding of Haitian culture and language.
Another separate class of Haitians are the diaspora, Haitians who live abroad, usually in the U. All of these populations in Haiti are part of the wealthier classes and are generally held in higher esteem and carry most of the political power in Haiti. If one is visiting Haiti outside of the capital city these are the people who typify true Haitian culture. Gender Haitian culture is traditionally male dominated.
Men and women in Haiti in general have traditional gender roles. In rural areas, women are responsible for child rearing, cooking, cleaning and going to the market to either buy or sell goods. Men spend most of their time working the family farm. Normally, men will be the leaders in the community and women still tend to be submissive to their husbands. Haitians are predominately of African descent.
There is a small portion of mixed European and African descent from the time of French and Spanish rule and as a result of a heavy international aid presence over the years. Christianity is the most popular religion in Haiti with many Haitians donning their Sunday best every week to attend mass.
The Voodoo culture is still present, with many Christians still participating in voodoo practices and rituals. It is best to keep an open mind and respect the culture and beliefs of each individual. Gender roles are heavily visible if not discussed. Women often work stereotypical female roles such as house keepers, teachers, nurses and clerical jobs.
More physically demanding jobs such as construction, drivers, and police are predominately filled by men. A high percentage of government and business positions are held by males.
Gender roles within society can have an impact on work. Females working in a position of power must be strong and resistant to intimidation.
Meeting gender equality goals in the workplace can be challenging based on the type of work. While Haitians are grateful for the assistance of foreign organisations, years of involvement of foreign governments has created a level of distrust of foreigners.
Structural violence in Haiti - Wikipedia
The issue often lies with the belief that foreigners are only a temporary presence and do not care about the long term wellbeing of the person or the country. Ensure that you are not making promises that cannot be kept.
Haitians are respectful of foreign workers and the knowledge that they bring but are not hesitate to challenge a situation if they have a different idea. Work with the local staff to achieve sustainable change. How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business? Haitians are warm and very particular about salutations.
You are expected to exchange greeting when you join a group or meet someone, regardless of the location. The same is true when you leave a group or a public space where you were accompanied by other people, in which case you would usually say au revoir.
Relationships are very important in Haitian culture. Therefore, it is important to establish a personal relationship before getting down to business. This will help simplify all the formal procedures. It is important to be aware that your Haitian partner will talk business mostly after they are familiar with you.
Business discussions should be saved until the end of the meal, or for later. Take your time and be patient as the goal of your Haitian partner is to build a long-lasting relationship. It is not required to establish a personal relationship before getting into business, however there are benefits to taking the time to learn about colleagues or clients.
You will better understand their knowledge and skill set as well as their motivation for doing business with you. Having good communication and understanding what is important to your colleagues will help you relate and know how to incentivize them for improved performance.
Structural violence in Haiti
Haitians will work hard and go out of their way to help those who they feel are genuine and trustworthy. Cultural Information - Privileges and Favouritism Question: Would a colleague or employee expect special privileges or considerations given our personal relationship or friendship? Relationships plays a big role in the workplace.
Special privileges may be expected in both business and personal relationships. The fact that you are a foreigner will likely exacerbate this fact.
A relationship, whether it is friendly or romantic, can always play a part in negotiations. Relatives and friends often come first when hiring decisions are to be made. People rely on family members to find a job.
This is not uncommon in countries where hiring practices are not necessarily as formal and structured as in a Western environment.
There is some expectation of special treatment given personal relationships or friendship but one should never feel pressured to do anything they feel unethical.
Opportunities are hard to come by for locals and they will look to leverage any connection. Most Haitians understand the constraints foreigners are working under and will understand if their requests cannot be accommodated. Take the time to explain any refusal for assistance in a calm and logical manner.