Cleopatra’s Relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony
Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, nominally After their meeting at Tarsos in 41 BC, Cleopatra had an affair with Antony that . Cleopatra, now 14 years of age, would have traveled with the Roman . Plutarch provides an entirely different and perhaps mythical account that. Antony and Cleopatra's love was strange. Although the difference is that Antony sacrificed his country for Cleopatra and only Shakespeare focuses on this disparity in their relationship greatly Enobarbus then goes on to say that Antony will never leave Cleopatra and that her age won't ever wither her. I was curious whether my perception of differences in ages was myself, and tracing the marital histories of Antony, Cicero and Pompey. . with Cleopatra while he is still married to Fulvia, and the age difference exists.
Rome descended into anarchy and civil war. By 41 BC Antony and Octavian who would later change his name to Augustus shared the leadership of Rome and had divided the state into two regions - the western portion including Spain and Gaul ruled by Octavian, the eastern region including Greece and the Middle East ruled by Antony. Marc Antony The Parthian Empire located in modern-day Iraq posed a threat to Antony's eastern territory and he planned a military campaign to subdue them.
But Antony needed money to put his plan into action and he looked to Cleopatra - ruler of Egypt and the richest woman in the world - to supply it. Cleopatra was a seductive woman and she used her talents to maintain and expand her power. Her first conquest was Julius Caesar in 48 BC.
He was 52, she was Their relationship produced a son and was ended only by Caesar's assassination. Her initial response to Antony's summons was to delay her journey - possibly to send the message to the Roman leader that as a queen in her own right, she was not at his beck and call.
Eventually surrendering to the inevitable, Cleopatra sailed from Egypt to the city of Tarsus. As she made the final leg of her journey up the river Cydnus she traveled in a magnificent barge filled with flowers and scented with exotic perfumes while she reclined on deck surrounded by her servants and trappings of gold.
Cleopatra bears Antony's children.
The Timeline of the Life of Cleopatra
They were twins, a boy named Alexander Helios and a girl named Cleopatra Selene. Meanwhile back in Egypt another drama was unfolding. Herod was the king of Judea. He had accepted Roman overlordship and the Romans in turn had allowed him to continue to rule his kingdom. Herod was a competent ruler. Cleopatra was enraged and began to do whatever she could to harm Herod's interests.
Cleopatra Seduces Antony, 41 BC
Mark Antony decides that he and Octavian can never work together. He decides to resume the campaign against the Parthian Empire. Cleopatra joins him at Antioch and they get married. This was not only illegal under Roman law it was a betrayal of Octavia, his legal wife and the sister of Octavian.
This makes war between Octavian and Mark Antony inevitable. He even gives Jericho, a portion of Herod's kingdom, to Cleopatra. This not only enrages Octavian, it infuriates most Romans and they back Octavian in the struggle between the two leaders. The Parthian campaign results in only minor conquests, notably Armenia. Cleopatra bears Antony another son, Ptolemy Philadelphus.
Mark Antony celebrates a victory triumph in Alexandria for his gains from the Parthians.
Cleopatra’s Relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony
At the celebration he awards Armenia to his and Cleopatra's oldest son, Alexander Helios. The area west of Armenia is awarded to the second son, Ptolemy Philadelphus. The daughter Selene is given Cyprus. Furthermore, at the celebration Caesarion is publically declared to be the son of Julius Caesar and thus the king of kings. The celebration of a triumph in Alexandria was a serious offense to Romans. Such celebration were only supposed to take place in Rome, the capital of the empire.
He publicizes its contents. Mark Antony's will made provision for turning parts of the Roman Empire over to Cleopatra. The Roman citizens are outraged. Mark Antony and Cleopatra live together in Greece. At the height of the battle Cleopatra fearing capture takes her ships out of the battle. Mark Antony's forces alone are not strong enough to match those of Octavian and Mark Antony's forces are defeated. His army surrenders to Octavian. Mark Antony escapes from the defeat and joins Cleopatra on her ship, but he is furious with her for having unnecessarily precipitated the defeat at Actium.
After several days he relents and he and Cleopatra stay together in Alexandria. Mark Antony has revealed himself as a loser and Cleopatra needs someone else who can protect her. Octavian communicates to Cleopatra that if she kills Mark Antony that he might work out something with her.
Cleopatra realizes that she is not powerful enough to expel Mark Antony from Egypt or to assassinate him. She conceives a fiendish plot. She has a message sent to Mark Antony saying that she had killed herself. Upon hearing that his loved one was dead he falls upon his sword. The injury does not kill him at once and he has himself taken to where Cleopatra's body is supposed to be.
He finds her alive and tells her to make her peace with Octavian. After Mark Antony's death Cleopatra realizes that Octavian can never treat her as anything but an enemy and that he will take her and her children to Rome to be paraded in a victory triumph. She sends Caesarion with trusted protectors to hide in the east of Egypt near the Red Sea.
Cleopatra first intends to commit suicide by setting fire to the mausoleum where she has collected her treasures. Pompey has already been executed by the Egyptians.
10 Little-Known Facts About Cleopatra
Julius Caesar, however, is not threatened by the same fate for he carried a much greater army force. Julius Caesar is smitten by the woman delivered through a carpet; it is smuggled through Alexandria and is presented as a gift for the Roman leader Grochowski, Cleopatra is then about 21 or 22 years old.
Julius Caesar immediately recognized the potential of being lovers and allies. The relationship could have been for love among any other. However, there are also political agenda behind the union. They are both leaders of influential and powerful nations. They have people under them, armies that could fight battles and win them.
Both Rome and Egypt needs intellectual leaders. This was during the Alexandrian War. Julius Caesar made sure that Cleopatra is firm in her position as the leader of Egypt. He made sure that any insurgencies could be dismissed by his powerful army.
For Julius Caesar, the union will unite two great lands, Egypt and Rome. He has an ultimate dream that his children would someday rule this land. Julius Caesar could have also seen Alexandria as a strategic location for his battles and as time pass by, Egypt could also form a powerful army to help him in his conquests.
However, she was also married to Julius Caesar because Egypt allows polygamy. Cleopatra and Julius Caesar spent time in Alexandria. The Roman leader, however, is called for to lead his army to battles.
He emerged victorious but returned to Rome instead. Julius Caesar and Cleopatra also had a son, Caesarion. Julius Caesar sent for his wife and son to be brought to Rome, with the great surprise of the Roman people.
Out of respect for Julius Caesar, the people did not really give much attention to the fact that Julius Caesar married a foreign woman albeit having a Roman wife McManus, He was then given the ultimate title as a dictator for life, thus bearing an unmatched power for the rest of his life. This was only a year after being declared a dictator or a ruler who has a complete power. Since Julius Caesar has made any changes without consulting the Senate, he became an unpopular person for them.
Before he is to leave for yet another conquest, he met with the Senate. There he met his end as he is stabbed to his death by all sixty Senate people, lead by Brutus and Cassius.
Cleopatra and son, Caesarion left Rome, where a civil war broke. Cleopatra then announced her son with Julius Caesar as a co-ruler and re-acquired rule of Egypt. This is when her rule was entirely secured locally, unlike the two previous co-regents. Cleopatra and Mark Antony: Unlike Julius Caesar, he was from a prominent family since birth.
His grandfather was a known public speaker while his father was a military man. He is well-educated, polishing skills like public speaking and objective questioning.
He is known for both his positive and negative traits which were eminent from his youth. At the course of his career, he kept close to Julius Caesar. Mark Antony became an ally of Julius Caesar. It was also Julius Caesar who appointed him as a consul. It is this status that spared his life after the assassination of Julius Caesar.
He then rose to power and hunted those who have assassinated Julius Caesar. Mark Antony also became part of the second Triumvirate. Cleopatra and Mark Antony are both connected to Julius Caesar. She is a former wife, and he is a loyal ally and friend. Cleopatra, on the other hand, might have found a sense of stability with him since he is becoming one of the most powerful in Rome.
She found in him the opportunity to restore the old glory of her Ptolemaic decent. Mark Antony possessed characteristics different from that of Julius Caesar but he is of the same political stature. The first supper impressed Mark Antony that he wanted to surpass such splendid preparation, but he miserably failed.