A Better Civil-Military Relationship Is a Strategic Necessity for India
Vipin asked: What steps/policies need to be put in place for a better civil-military synergy in a low intensity conflict environment in India?. Effective civil-military relations are normally connected to the strength of democracy. India has always been considered as a nation that has followed democratic. This chapter looks into India's civil-military relations and its impact on India's military effectiveness. It discusses the theory of civil-military relations and identifies.
Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness in India
I wonder how much we have changed since then. Questioning of political authority by the military in our context is unthinkable. This will obviously impact the use, if and when, of the nuclear option or the need for an instant riposte to a nuclear attack. This did not happen perhaps because of the lack of a well thought out strategy doctrine and a higher defence structure, which would list out clear-cut responsibilities and accountability at various levels. Revi retd is an eye opener.
Civil military relationship: The way forward
Broadly, it brings out how the present higher defence management structure is a product of partial and half-hearted implementation of the Cabinet Committee on Security decision of While the Nuclear Command Authority, with the prime minister as the chair, is the sole entity empowered to authorise the use of nuclear weapons, the role of the national security advisor, a civilian entity, remains questionable in the absence of the CDS.
There is obviously no robust mechanism in place for the military to advise the prime minister and the government, leave alone question them. On the contrary, most evolved democracies, including the US, have a robust system of military advice.Civil Military Relationship: Army Promises Better Union With Civilians
The president and the secretary of defence are advised on military matters by the chairman and vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff which includes the US army chief of staff and service chiefs. The recent statement by Hyten goes to show how strong and vibrant the system is. Indian army soldiers arrive at the site of a gunbattle with suspected militants in Chadoora, on the outskirts of Srinagar March 28, For example, how we brought the war with China upon us and then decided against using the Indian Air Force shows the total lack of cohesion between the civilian and military leadership.
The Indian Peace Keeping Force fiasco from to in Sri Lanka occurred primarily because of our failure to read the situation in that country correctly and prepare for it.
The failure of the military to read the Kargil situation correctly in the run-up to the Pakistani intrusions in early and then to bring the war to a logical and befitting conclusion reflected a complete lack of military assessment and preparedness, besides lack of national strategy and political will.
Even in internal security situations, had there been a robust system of politico-military deliberation in place, events such as Operation Blue Star in in Punjab could have been avoided and handled differently.
While it has resulted in continuous bleeding of the Indian Army, the suffering and alienation of the local populace has never been deliberated upon, nor has the end goal been thought about. Would any of the conflicts pass muster? And yet, none of them have been questioned then or till date.
Civil military relationship: The way forward
Not only that; the politico-military thought has not been collectively applied for a solution to the ongoing border disputes of our country with our two nuclear-tipped neighbours.
Leave alone armed conflicts with potential enemies, our approach has been ostrich-like even in dealing with intrusions and natural calamities, like the December attack on parliament, November Mumbai terrorist attacks and the tsunami in Every time there is a fresh crisis, we grapple to firefight and then forget about it till another fresh episode.
In this day and age, however, it is obvious that the role of military is not solely to protect and maintain national security, thus adding to the complexity of the civil-military relations. The phenomenon of terrorism has brought forth new challenges with unjust and aggressive actions, thereby blurring the boundaries and relations between military, bureaucracy and political leadership.
Nonetheless, there is a distinction between the mature democratic countries and the rest of the world with regard to the civil-military relations. Strategy is the creative element in the exercise of power.
Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness in India - Oxford Scholarship
Fears of growing militarism in the American society prompted studies and produced influential readings from renowned authors as Samuel Huntington and Morris Janowitz, also considered as the two founders of the modern-day Civil-Military Theory. Certain aspects were defined as traditional literature based on their scholarly works and other contemporary scholars.
Currently, however, changes in the world stage make these theories less applicable. Today most people see war as 'outsourced' to their soldiers, to whom they are prepared to pay lip service in times of need, but otherwise do not really want to recognise or know about them.
Historically, India does not value its military and that is the reason that we have been subjugated by every invader in the sub-continent Indian history of higher defence management Prior to gaining independence, Indian military was directed by British. The Indian Civil Service played its role in keeping aside the police and the military with the making of a draft for higher defence organisation, which over the last 65 years has been fine-tuned and effectively practised to suit the requirements of the bureaucrats of the Indian Administrative Service IAS and others.