Cyprus spain relationship

Foreign relations of Cyprus - Wikipedia

cyprus spain relationship

Spain has definitely moved forward in its relations with Cyprus taking our Presidency of the European Union as an opportunity to do so. Nevertheless, Cyprus and the UK have a long-standing special relationship. Cyprus is a member of the United Nations along with most of its agencies as well as the . Cyprus is accredited to Argentina from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and has an honorary consulate in Buenos Aires. List of Treaties ruling relations.

cyprus spain relationship

July Latin America[ edit ] The Ibero-American vision[ edit ] Spain has maintained its special identification with its fellow Spanish -speaking countries. Its policy emphasizes the concept of an Ibero-American community, essentially the renewal of the historically liberal concept of " Hispano-Americanismo " or Hispanic as it is often referred to in Englishwhich has sought to link the Iberian peninsula to the Spanish-speaking countries in Central and South America through language, commerce, history and culture.

Spain has been an effective example of transition from dictatorship to democracy, as shown in the many trips that Spain's King and Prime Ministers have made to the region. Trends in diplomatic relations[ edit ] Spain maintains economic and technical cooperation programs and cultural exchanges with Latin Americaboth bilaterally and within the EU.

Despite long-standing close linguistic, economic and cultural relations with most of Latin America, some aspects of Spanish foreign policy during this time, such as its support for the Iraq Warwere not supported or widely favored.

cyprus spain relationship

However, due to a notable public incident inVenezuelan-Spanish ties were briefly suspended, though were later re-established. It has a particular interest in its former colony of Equatorial Guineawhere it maintains a large aid program.

cyprus spain relationship

More recently, it has sought closer relation with SenegalMauritaniaMali and others to find solutions for the issue of illegal immigration to the Canary Islands. In its relations with the Arab worldSpain frequently supports Arab positions on Middle East issues.

The Arab countries are a priority interest for Spain because of oil and gas imports and because several Arab nations have substantial investments in Spain. The accession of Spain and Portugal to the EU in has helped ease some of their periodic trade frictions by putting these into an EU context.

cyprus spain relationship

Franco-Spanish bilateral cooperation has been enhanced by joint action against recurring violence by separatist Basque group ETA since the s. History Archeologic site of Khirokitia with early remains of human habitation during Aceramic Neolithic period reconstruction Early Greek colonization of Cyprus Prehistoric and Ancient Cyprus Main articles: Prehistoric Cyprus and Ancient history of Cyprus The earliest confirmed site of human activity on Cyprus is Aetokremnossituated on the south coast, indicating that hunter-gatherers were active on the island from around 10, BC[44] with settled village communities dating from BC.

The arrival of the first humans correlates with the extinction of the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants.

European views on the UK’s renegotiation: Spain, Finland, Estonia and Cyprus

The revolt was suppressed, but Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained oriented towards the Greek world. Following his death and the subsequent division of his empire and wars among his successorsCyprus became part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt. It was during this period that the island was fully Hellenized. Under Byzantine rule, the Greek orientation that had been prominent since antiquity developed the strong Hellenistic-Christian character that continues to be a hallmark of the Greek Cypriot community.

A year later Richard sold the island to the Knights Templarwho, following a bloody revolt, in turn sold it to Guy of Lusignan. Venice formally annexed the Kingdom of Cyprus infollowing the abdication of Catherine. Throughout Venetian rule, the Ottoman Empire frequently raided Cyprus. In the Ottomans destroyed Limassol and so fearing the worst, the Venetians also fortified Famagusta and Kyrenia.

It is now accepted that the medieval period saw increasing numbers of Greek Cypriots elevated to the upper classes, a growing Greek middle ranks[58] and the Lusignan royal household even marrying Greeks.

Ottoman Cyprus Ina full-scale Ottoman assault with 60, troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta. Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus massacred many Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants. In a reversal from the days of Latin rule, the head of the Church of Cyprus was invested as leader of the Greek Cypriot population and acted as mediator between Christian Greek Cypriots and the Ottoman authorities.

This status ensured that the Church of Cyprus was in a position to end the constant encroachments of the Roman Catholic Church. In —78, 47, Muslims constituted a majority over the island's 37, Christians.

cyprus spain relationship

In response, the Ottoman governor of Cyprus arrested and executed prominent Greek Cypriots, including the Archbishop of Cyprus, Kyprianosand four other bishops. After centuries of neglect by the Turks, the unrelenting poverty of most of the people, and the ever-present tax collectors fuelled Greek nationalism, and by the 20th century idea of enosisor union, with newly independent Greece was firmly rooted among Greek Cypriots.

Cyprus - Wikipedia

They persisted sometime after Ottoman rule ended and then increased rapidly during the twentieth century. Modern history of Cyprus Hoisting the British flag at Nicosia In the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War — and the Congress of BerlinCyprus was leased to the British Empire which de facto took over its administration in though, in terms of sovereignty, Cyprus remained a de jure Ottoman territory until 5 Novembertogether with Egypt and Sudan [12] in exchange for guarantees that Britain would use the island as a base to protect the Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression.


Bywhen the Famagusta harbour was completed, Cyprus was a strategic naval outpost overlooking the Suez Canalthe crucial main route to India which was then Britain's most important overseas possession. The offer was declined.

Inunder the Treaty of Lausannethe nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus, [74] and in it was declared a British crown colony.