Pakistan–United States relations - Wikipedia
Since its creation in , Pakistan has been an ally of the US throughout important phases in modern history. First, in the cold war, then. The evolving US-Pakistani relations can be understood from a historical perspective. In the American perception, Pakistan's role was to serve. Pak-US Relations: An Historical. Overview. Munawar Hussain*. Abstract. Global powers shape politics of the world for their self interests. United States is the.
At the beginning of the s, Pakistan facilitated lines of communication between the US and China and thereby became a favorite of the Richard Nixon administration. The Soviet intervention in Afghanistan in brought Pakistani and American interests into close alignment. However, once the Soviets were out of Afghanistan, Pakistan became subject to US sanctions for its covert nuclear ambitions.
Inthe US slapped sanctions on both India and Pakistan for their nuclear tests. One year later, inthe Bill Clinton administration forcefully intervened to pressure Pakistan to withdraw its forces sent across the Line of Control in Kashmir near the town of Kargil. In the same year, Pakistan was subject to further US sanctions following the removal of a democratically elected government by the army chief Pervez Musharraf through a military coup.
But even while US-Pakistani relations were marked by enhanced partnership, things were certainly not smooth sailing. Meanwhile, fissures in intelligence communications between the two countries surfaced after Osama bin Laden was located and killed in his hideout in Abbottabad in and allegations were made of connections between the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence agency and al-Qaeda and Lashkar-e-Taiba.
The waxing and waning of US-Pakistan relations - Asia Times
It was toward the concluding phase of the Obama administration that some of the earlier strategies were reversed. The troop-withdrawal strategy was given a pause, and the policy of lavishing aid to Pakistan was rolled back. President Carter and his administration allegedly threatened Bhutto to disrupt the process of atomic proliferation and research to which the latter did not agree, leading to his differences with the Americans.
It is during this period that United States granted billions of dollars to Pakistan in the name of military and economical aid. The amendment banned major military and economical aid to Pakistan unless the state was able to justify and provide sufficient evidence that the funds are not being used for nuclear proliferation.
However it is alleged that although Pakistan disclosed that it could enrich uranium and assemble a nuclear device in and respectively, the sanctions were not imposed till US, under the Pressler amendment, imposed sanctions on Pakistanas the country by then had lost its strategic importance in soviet war.
The relations between US and Pakistan plummeted further when US ambassador Nicholas Plattwarned Pakistan of being included into state sponsors of terrorism list, in case it continued to support militants causing trouble in India.
Benazir Bhutto visited United States and requested president Bill Clinton to lift the embargoes on Pakistan and launch a joint operation to eradicate militancy from the region. President Clinton imposed sanctions under Glenn amendment on India as well as Pakistan. Glenn amendment included suspension of aidincluding economic development assistance, credits and credit guarantees by the US government, US bank loans to the governments of India and Pakistan, loans from international financial institutions, such as the IMF and World Bank, and exports of dual-use nuclear or missile items.
However, in July ofUS lifted the sanctions on both the countries for purchasing agricultural products from US farmers. Later in the year President Clinton exercised his waiver on lifting restrictions on the activities of US banks in Pakistan.
Initially Pakistan tried to strike a negotiation deal with Taliban and al Qaeda members to handover Osama bin Laden to American authorities. However, when negotiations failed, Pakistan allowed American army to use its military bases for launching attacks on Afghan soil. Simultaneously inUS officials introduced a bill to lift all the sanctions, previously imposed on Pakistan under Pressler and Glenn amendments. President George Bush officially declared Pakistan as a non-Nato ally granting it the authority to purchase strategic and advanced military equipments.
SinceUS army has launched various drone strikes on the north-western side of the country. The drone strikes aim to target Pakistani Taliban and supporters of al Qaeda, however, the strikes have also resulted in latge civilian deaths and caused much opposition from Pakistanis.
Pakistan–United States relations
A report was issued in which Pakistan was accused of using aid money provided by US to Pakistan for its cooperation on war on terror, for strengthening its defence against India. The trust, on both sides, has been missing since the war on terror started as US on several occasions has accused Pakistan Army to tip the Taliban and pro-Taliban factions off on US operations.
The strike and deaths instigated a fierce reaction from Pakistani command calling the act to have shaken the foundations of mutual trust and cooperation.
President Musharraf confessed that the billions of dollars of aid that Pakistan received from United States, for being a partner in war against terror, were diverted and channelled in order to build better defence mechanism against India. The famous Kerry-Lugar Billwhich invited much controversy and criticism, was passed in the October of In the beginning of the year, Pakistan Army in a joint operation with US intelligence agencies captured Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradara famous Taliban commander, from the tribal belt of Pakistan.
The success of the operation was hailed by the United States and Pakistan was praised for its utmost cooperation. Davis was taken into custody for killing civilians, however, American officials claimed that he was entitled to diplomatic immunity and must be released immediately. Raymond Davis was later acquitted of the murder charges and was sent to United States.
President Barrack Obama claimed that the information pertaining to the operation conducted in Abbottabad was not shared with Pakistan Army. Afghan and US officials claimed that the firing was a result of the attack launched from the Pakistani side of the border, however, the Pakistani military and government denied the claims.
As a result of the attack, Pakistani government ordered US army to evacuate Salala air base which was being used to launch offensive on Taliban and militants.
Moreover, the government also halted Nato supplies for United Sates. Since the beginning ofvarious political parties along with the military command of the country, met and held discussions on restoring Nato supplies.