Chapter One: Context of Industrial Relations in Bangladesh. 1. . Legislation and Policy'', in Bangladesh Journal of Law, Vol.1, No. 2, pp. Situation Analysis of Trade Unions and Industrial Relations in Bangladesh: A Country Profile . research studies, books, journals, newspapers and ongoing academic working papers. Trade Union and IR in Bangladesh: An Overview. Trade Unions and Industrial Relations in Bangladesh: Human Resource Aspect International Journal of Latest Engineering and Management.
Registration of trade union confers a legal existence as an entity separate from its members. According to section 1a registered trade union is a statutory body with legal entity and consequently it can own property, enter into contract, sue and be sued by the name in which it is registered. Section provides that no trade union, which is unregistered or whose registration has been cancelled shall function as a trade union. Functions of Trade Union Trade unions work to improve the work environment and salaries of union members.
The leaders of the trade union negotiate with employers on behalf of the entire union for wage increases, more vacation time, better working hours and benefits.
Any decisions agreed upon by the union leadership and employers are binding on all union members. However, trade unions meet regularly to discuss complaints and concerns, as well as to vote on these decisions prior to negotiations.
If negotiations stall, many trade unions reserve the right to strike. Features of trade union in Bangladesh Bangladesh is an agricultural country and also developing country.
So here worker are available working in the various industry. As a result many trade unions are established. These trade unions has some features, these are discussed below: Characteristics of Trade Union in Bangladesh 1. Plant level trade union Trade union in Bangladesh are mainly plant level. Political affiliation Majority of the trade union in Bangladesh have links labor federation who are affiliated to different political parties.
Outside leadership Outside leaders those are not worker also play a vital role in union leadership at various level. Multiplicity of trade unionisms Trade union in Bangladesh are fragmented in different political ideologies which create multiple unionisms.
Structure of Trade Unions Trade unions in Bangladesh may be divided into three categories: Usually, the trade unions at plant level are termed basic unions. Trade union federation are the body of unions from the same industrial sector. Again, federation of trade unions can be two types: Industrial federation can be composed of a number of basic trade unions related to the same type of industry, such as jute workers federation, textile workers federation, and garments workers federations.
National Federation is a federation of basic unions irrespective of job categories. A national federation may be constituted of two or more basic trade unions irrespectively of the trade. A national federation generally extends organizing and advisory services to its affiliated enterprise unions federations.
New Role for Trade Union Organizations The role of trade union is changing to meet the demands of a changing society and labor well-being. Problems of Trade Union in Bangladesh: The major numbers of members of trade union are not actually completely aware about their legal rights and duties.
Trade union is actually a unity of the labor force for assuring their need. But in Bangladesh trade unions are separated for political influence.
A Report on industrial relation in Bangladesh | Essay Example
In our country the level of workers is not properly educated. In this case trade union could be helpful very much to develop workers KSA, but the whole level of workers is lack in knowledge. Most of the trade unions of Bangladesh are not free from the political influence. Bangladesh is a country where every organization has more trade unions in name only.
Those unions are driven by the political leaders of various political parties. So a huge verity of problem arises in the organizations. The financial position of the trade unions is weak because their average yearly income is very low and inadequate. The subscription rates are very low.
Under conditions of multiplicity of unions, a union interested in increasing its membership figures keeps the subscription rate unduly low Collective Bargaining is the negotiation between representatives of management and workers to produce a written agreement covering terms and conditions of employment. It is essentially a compromise and balancing of opposing pressures of two social groups who have enough mutual interests to work together.
Pressures at the bargaining table usually are framed in economic and technical terms. Bargaining is really a social process. Collective Bargaining Agent CBA in relation to an establishment or group of establishments means the trade union of workers or federation of trade unions which, under chapter XIII, is the agent of the workers in the establishment, or group of establishments in the matter of collectively bargaining. This Ordinance emphasized sound industrial relation, through the protection of the workers right to trade unionism and collective bargaining.
The legal framework on collective bargaining is governed by the provisions of the Labor Act According to section and of the Act collective bargaining is the first step in the industrial dispute settlement mechanism. Functions of CBA Undertake collective bargaining with the employer on matters connected with employment, non-employment, terms of employment and conditions of work. Represent all or any of the workmen in any work proceedings. Give notice of strike according to the provisions of the chapter.
Nominate representatives of worker on the Board of Trustees of any welfare institutions or provident funds, and of the workers participation fund established under Chapter XV. Undertake legal proceedings on behalf of single or collective workers.
Collective Bargaining Activities Collective bargaining is the oldest form of labor management negotiation in the industrial relations in Bangladesh. Because of the doctrine of multiple union systems the practice has been developed to select a collective bargaining agent CBA from among the registered unions in an enterprise or group of enterprises to undertake collective bargaining with the employer on behalf of the workers in that enterprise or group of enterprises.
The main activities of CBA are as follows: To undertake collective bargaining with the employer or employees on matters connected with employment, non-employment, terms of employment or the conditions of work; 2. To represent all or any of the workmen in, any proceedings; 3. To give notice of and declare a strike in accordance with the provisions of law. Casual attitude of the parties toward CB 2.
Multiple trade unionism 3. Poor trade union leadership 4. Lack of training and education about CB 5. Problem to selecting sole CBA 7. Rigid stand taken by the parties 8. Interference by the government and political parties 9. Authoritarian attitude of management Mutual distrust of the parties Workers Involvement and Participation Workers participation is the most debated issues now-a-days.
Nowhere has the concept been defined clearly because it has come to be associated with varying practices in different countries.
The form and connotation of the term also vary according to the social and economic goals of a particular country. It means different things to different people. Workers participation Management is considered as a mechanism where workers have a say in the decision making process of an enterprise. Various participative Committees and Their Functions The existence of various participative committees is observed in different of the world including Bangladesh.
The committees and their functions are stated bellow: The function of this committee are promote welfare facilities, safety of workers, improve work environment, production, productivity matter, fix production target and achievements, consider working condition, maintenance of discipline at work levels, job redesign etc. The functions of this committee are promoting effective participation of workers and management in vital matters of production, productivity, cost consciousness, working condition etc.
The functions of this committee are consider problem connected with accident, suggest preventive measures, frame safety rules, promote safety consciousness, recommend measures for the improvement of medical services, safety policy formulation and review.
The functions of this committee are organized sports and culture activities, running of sports club etc. The functions of this committee are management of canteen, fix prices of food items, organizing the menus etc.
The functions of this committee are general welfare of workers, training and development policies eliminate wastes etc.
The functions of this committee are disposing of grievances, improve industrial relations etc. The functions of this committee are allotment of company houses, the rate of house rent deduction, repairing of houses etc.
Lack of Supportive Climate in the organization 2. Workers fear of Victimization by the management 3. Management fear of giving up power 4.
Lack of adequate education of work participative management 5. Lack of desire of workers to participate 6. Attitude of trade union 7. In Bangladesh, Industrial Relation Act. It is useful to consider first industrial dispute and trade union immunities, which are central to the legal status of industrial action and then the legal regulation of picketing and dismissal of strikers. BGMEA website declared closed; many labor leaders are arrested, many workers lose jobs or suffer from uncertainty; losing interest in the uncertainty, the international buyers cancel their orders and divert to another market.
The industry comes to a deadlock situation. The growth of RMG sector in Bangladesh is amazing one and it has been possible mainly because of hard work of labor-force. It is a story of a nation, which has vowed to overcome all the barriers with limited resources and immense passion. But this glory is being diminished day by day due to labor unrest in this sector. This study is designed to unearth the causes of labor unrest and search the areas where Public-Private Partnership can work to address the problem.
Statement of topic There are, mainly, four parties involved in apparel industry: Of four parties, the first three are immense beneficiaries, while workers remain deprived. Buyers, who get garment products at the cheapest possible price, make huge profits in international markets. Most of the local factory owners make adequate money out of this business to build palatial houses in posh area of capital, have their children educated and treated abroad, ride luxury cars, spend holidays at tourist resorts across the world.
But garment workers, who make all these profits and benefits possible for other three parties, are to live a sub-standard life for years.Industrial Relations
The wage they get is low. Very often they do not get their salary, overtime bills and bonus in time.
Their recruitment system is hiring and firing as they do not get any appointment letter and at any time they can be dismissed by owners for any reason.
Being maltreated by owners and midlevel officers, working long hours in a congested room without sufficient rest, lack of recreational opportunity, nutritious foods, medicine, right to legitimate protest against ruthless exploitations, etc are their daily destiny. Factory building collapse, fire accident, stampede render many dead and 2 A Latin sentence reportedly written by Julius Caesar in 47 BC meaning easy triumph 3 injured. There are allegations that a vested group is behind the violence in garments industry.
Some Human-right-based NGOs are alleged to instigate the work-force in the name of their rights and privileges without knowing the actual capacity of the owners. Very often, agitating workers are aided by outsiders. Nowhere in the world is labor as cheap as in Bangladesh. It is one of the main factors for flourishing of this sector in Bangladesh.
Therefore, foreign conspiracies in instigating labor unrest in garment sector of Bangladesh cannot be ruled out as history records hundreds of wars to capture another market. At every incidence of labor unrest, police is deployed to disperse agitators. The coercive measures of the forces rather deteriorate the situation.
Concerned groups engage themselves in blame game and do not waste time to put their readymade comments.
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Party in power always takes it as a subversive act of opposition party to destabilize government. Opposition party labels it as a failure of government and demands resignation. Factory owners blame workers and vice-versa. Very often, after some violent unrest, an inquiry committee is formed to look into the fact. But the fact is that, hardly people come across the investigation report. After some days people forget the issue and things go on as usual.
Solving labor unrest in the RMG sector requires a collective effort. The root causes of unrest are to be explored. The industry started its modest journey in late s and enjoyed a meteoric rise from 30 enterprises in increased to in BGMEA website2 declared closed; many labor leaders are arrested, many workers lose jobs or suffer from uncertainty; losing interest in the uncertainty, the international buyers cancel their orders and divert to another market.
Bangladesh is well known across the globe for its stunning success in the arena of readymade garment industry. It has been able to create employment opportunity for millions, alleviate poverty, accelerate industrialization, attract foreign direct investment, mobilize business and create a positive image of Bangladesh abroad.
But these achievements are going to be shattered due to labor unrest in this sector. If labor unrest is not addressed, Bangladesh will have to count a heavy loss. The affected garment factories will be declared closed. Production will be hampered. The foreign investors will close their business here. The foreign buyers will cancel their order and divert to other countries.
A Report on industrial relation in Bangladesh Essay Sample
Government will lose huge revenue. Thousands of garment workers will lose their job. After all, it will create an adverse impact on the socio-economic condition of the country. The present study aims to find out the causes of labor unrest in the RMG sector of Bangladesh and possible solution of the problem through public-private cooperation perspectives.
Before venturing to solve any problem, it is wise to explore the root causes of the problem and diagnose them. Accordingly, the causes of labor u RMG industry involves various stakeholders covering from public, private and international organizations.