US Official: Pakistan Action Needed Against Afghan Taliban
US Asks Pakistan to Facilitate Afghan-Taliban Peace Talks After months of strained relations and disruption in high-level mutual contacts. Washington shies away from the idea of direct talks, but the Taliban see by American special forces pose the gravest danger to the Taliban. This book tells the story of the United States' relationship with the Taliban and the debates over diplomatic recognition, from the start of price for USA (gross).
By the time of the Indian independence movementprominent Pashtun nationalists such as Abdul Ghaffar Khan advocated unity with the nearly formed Dominion of Indiaand not a united Afghanistan — highlighting the extent to which infrastructure and instability began to erode the Pashtun self-identification with Afghanistan.
By the time of Pakistan independence movementpopular opinion among Pashtuns was in support of joining the Dominion of Pakistan. The Afghan government has not formally accepted the Durand Line as the international border between the two states, claiming that the Durand Line Agreement has been void in the past.
Pakistan felt that the border issue had been resolved before its birth in It also feared a revolt from the warring tribes which could eventually have brought the state down as it happened when Ahmad Shah Durrani unified the Pashtuns and toppled the Mughal Empire of India.
US Asks Pakistan to Facilitate Afghan-Taliban Peace Talks
This unmanagable border has always served as the main trade route between Afghanistan and the South Asiaespecially for supplies into Afghanistan. Secondly, it politically and financially backed secessionist politicians in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the s. The Afghan government denied involvement, saying they were pro-Pashtunistan tribesmen. Diplomatic relations were restored in September. In August, the consulates in both countries closed and relations were broken in September The situation was not defused until about The Pashtun assimilation into the Pakistani state followed years of rising Pashtun influence in Pakistani politics and the nation's bureaucracy, culminating in Ayub KhanYahya KhanIshaq Khan — all Pashtuns, attaining leadership of Pakistan.
The largest nationalist party of the time, the Awami National Party ANPdropped its secessionist agenda and embraced the Pakistani state, leaving only a small Pakhtunkhwa Millat Party to champion the cause of independence in relation to both Pakistan and Afghanistan. Despite the weaknesses of the early secessionist movement, this period in history continues to negatively influence Pakistani-Afghan relations in the 21st century, in addition to the province's politics.
A look at US-Taliban relations | The Seattle Times
War in Afghanistan —presentAfghans in Pakistanand Afghanistan—Pakistan skirmishes George Crile III and Charlie Wilson Texas politician with an unnamed political personality in the background person wearing the aviator glasses looking at the photo camera. They were the main players in Operation Cyclonethe code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the multi-national mujahideen during the Soviet—Afghan Warto Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan began deteriorating in the s after Pakistan supported rebels such as Gulbuddin HekmatyarAhmad Shah Massoud Haqqanisand others against the governments of Afghanistan.
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in Decemberthe United States joined Pakistan to counter Soviet influence and advance its own interests in the region. Pakistan says deteriorating security in Afghanistan has created "ungoverned spaces" which are serving as sanctuaries for terrorists linked to Islamic State and fugitives of the outlawed Pakistani Taliban, who are orchestrating cross-border attacks from there.
Officials in Islamabad also have routinely accused rival India of supporting these "terrorists" to destabilize Pakistan, charges New Delhi and Afghan officials reject. Pakistani officials have long pushed for seeking a negotiated end to the Afghan conflict, saying neither side can win it on the battlefield.
Weeklong cease-fire Curtis spoke hours after Afghan President Ashraf Ghani announced his security forces will unilaterally cease anti-Taliban offensives for a week, taking effect next Tuesday, in a bid to encourage insurgents to seek a peaceful resolution to the war.
Afghan officials have said the cease-fire will also apply to the Haqqani Network, which allegedly maintains ties with Pakistan's spy agency. Curtis again alleged the Afghan Taliban, including the Haqqani Network, has enjoyed sanctuary in Pakistan throughout the past 16 years of conflict. Pakistani officials deny the charges and maintain that the country has equally targeted all militant groups.
Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Pakistan's outgoing ambassador to the United States, told VOA in an interview in May that his country has done the most against terrorism in the region and that no country can accuse it of not doing enough.
Afghanistan–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
In fact, Pakistan has done the most," Chaudhry said. Taliban rejected Ghani's offer and instead showed willingness to talk directly with the U.
But Washington has insisted that the talks must be Afghan-led and Afghan-owned. Taliban's unwillingness to talk with the Afghan government has essentially created a deadlock in the peace process.
But Wells, citing the recent ceasefire in Afghanistan, expressed optimism that Taliban will come to talks.